LETRS Unit 3 Assessment Answers

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Which of the following is not one of the strands in Scarborough’s Reading Rope?
Guided reading
 
How can code-emphasis or phonics-emphasis instruction be used most effectively?
when organized around a logical progression of pattern words that have been taught
 
Which word group might a teacher include in a lesson focused on identification of consonant blends?
blink, frog, twist
 
Which word group might a teacher include in a lesson focused on reviewing consonant digraphs?
thorn, show, chase
 
In a complete phonics lesson of 30-40 minutes, which activity would typically not be included?
partner reading of a trade book of high interest to the students
 
Of all the phonic correspondences represented in these words, which pattern is likely to be learned after the others?
gale
 
About what percent of English words can be spelled and read accurately using sound-symbol correspondences alone, without knowing the syllable patterns, meaningful parts, or word origin?
50%
 
How many graphemes are in the word weight?
3
 
Which of the following tasks would best provide practice for learning letter formation in kindergarten?
tracing a model following numbered arrows on lined paper
 
In Ehri’s early alphabetic phase of word-reading development, students know some letter-sound correspondences and most letter names. A student at this level is most likely to progress with instruction focused on:
blending and reading words such as at, an; mad, man; and it, sit, bit
 
What is the best key word to put on a sound-symbol card to teach short e, /ĕ/.
echo
 
A good phonics lesson should include opportunities for students to directly apply the phoneme-grapheme relationships that have been explicitly taught. Which text type would best provide the practice needed?
decodable texts
 
Which of the following is the best example of a well-designed word list for a word chaining activity?
rat, chat, chap, chip, rip, rap
 
A first-grade teacher has posted a word wall using alphabetical order to list the high-frequency words the students must learn. For example, under A are the words aunt, along, an, add, April, and above. How could the teacher best ensure that students will recognize and spell words that begin with a?
Teach systematic decoding of sound-symbol correspondences beginning with short a
 
What is true about the relationship between reading and spelling?
Spelling is generally harder than reading because the exact letters of the word must be recalled.
 
Decoding
The ability to translate a word from print to speech, usually by employing knowledge of sound symbol correspondences; also the act of deciphering a new word by sounding it out.
 
Graphemes
A letter or letter combination that spells a phoneme; can be one, two, three, or four letters in English (e.g., e, ei, igh, eigh).
 
Scarborough’s Reading Ropes identify 3 major strands or sub skills that contribute to printed word recognition. What are they?
Phonological awareness, decoding, and word recognition
 
Orthography
A writing system for representing language.
 
True
To know what the word actually says, the reader must look closely at all the letter sounds and recode them into sound and sense
 
What is word study?
The point of learning to decode by Phil’s and to recognize orthographic patterns
 
What is the goal of word study?
To develop automatic recognition of words we’ve seen before and recall word spellings for writing. Example: word specific knowledge like bare and bear and your, you’re.
 
irregular words
A word whose spelling or pronunciation does not conform to the system of sound-symbol correspondences or syllable patterns
 
Explain the 4 part processing model
Context to meaning, meant to phonological and orthographic
 
When students’ abilities to read real words are tested with lists, using a timer, the ___________________________strand of the Reading Rope is being assessed
Sight recognition
 
True or false: the letter x is the only letter that stands for two phonemes, /k/ and so/ and occasionally /g/ and /z/.
True
 
What is a blend?
A blend is not one sound but 2 or 3 adjacent consonants before before or after a vowel in a syllable. Example: c-l (clean), s-t (most), th-r(thrush)
 
Name Ehri’s Phases
Prealphabetic, early alphabetic, later alphabetic, and consolidated alphabetic
 
Pre-alphabetic
Knows some, but not all, alphabet letter names and forms; does not know the sound they represent
 
Early alphabetic
Tries to sound out words by associating a sound with the first letter and perhaps another letter or two
 
Later alphabetic
Can spell words phonetically, including all the speech sounds, but is not accurate
 
Consolidated alphabetic
Generalizes phonics skills to unknown words, then uses context as a backup to recognize words.
 
What is the purpose of a word chain
To give students practice recognizing subtle differences between and among similar sounding words example: shin, thin, thimble, shim, sham, mam, mash, math. (Tell students when a “word is a nonsense word)
 
What are the types of word sorts?
Open and closed
 
What is the difference in open and closed sorts?
In a closed sort, the teacher tells the students how to sort the words and provides the names of the categories. Open sorts are open-ended and therefore more difficult then closed sorts.
 
What is the purpose of decodable text?
Decodable text serves the specific purpose or providing ample practice using and reading words with the phonic elements that have been taught
 
decodable text
Beginner-oriented books that contain the same letters or word patterns currently being studied, or those previously taught.
 
High frequency words
Words that occur most often in English writing.

Sources

  1. LETRS Assessments – Overview

LETRS Assessment Answers

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