Cyber Awareness Challenge 2022 Answers and Notes

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  1. What is the best response if you find classified government data on the internet?
    Note any identifying information, such as the website’s URL, and report the situation to your security POC.
  2. What is a good practice to protect classified information?
    Ensure proper labeling by appropriately marking all classified material and when required, sensitive material.
  3. How many potential insider threat indicators does a person who is playful and charming, consistently wins performance awards, but is occasionally aggressive in trying to access information display?
    Secret.
  4. Who might “insiders” be able to cause damage to their organizations more easily than others.
    Insiders are given a level of trust and have authorized access to Government information systems.
*SPILLAGE*
Which of the following may be helpful to prevent spillage?
Be aware of classification markings and all handling caveats.
*SPILLAGE*
Which of the following may be helpful to prevent spillage?
Label all files, removable media, and subject headers with appropriate classification markings.
* CLASSIFIED DATA*
Which type of information could reasonably be expected to cause serious damage to national security if disclosed without authorization?
Secret
*CLASSIFIED DATA*
What is a good practice to protect classified information?
Ensure proper labeling by appropriately marking all classified material and, when required, sensitive material.
*INSIDER THREAT*
Based on the description below how many potential insider threat indicators are present? A colleague often makes others uneasy by being persistent in trying to obtain information about classified projects to which he has no access, is boisterous about his wife putting them in credit card debt, and often complains about anxiety and exhaustion display?
3 or more indicators
*INSIDER THREAT*
What threat do insiders with authorized access to information or information systems pose?
They may wittingly or unwittingly use their authorized access to perform actions that result in the loss or degradation of resources or capabilities.
*INSIDER THREAT*
Which of the following is NOT considered a potential insider threat indicator?
New interest in learning a foregin language.
*SOCIAL NETWORKING*
When may you be subject to criminal, disciplinary, and/or administrative action due to online misconduct?
If you participate in or condone it at any time.
*SOCIAL NETWORKING*
When is the safest time to post details of your vacation activities on your social networking profile?
After you have returned home following the vacation.
*SOCIAL NETWORKING*
Which of the following is a security best practice when using social networking sites?
Understanding and using the available privacy settings.
*UNCONTROLLED CLASSIFIED INFORMATION*
Which of the following is NOT an example of CUI?
Press release data
*UNCONTROLLED CLASSIFIED INFORMATION*
Which of the following is NOT a correct way to protect CUI?
Sensitive information may be stored on any password-protected system.
Select the information on the data sheet that is personally identifiable information (PII) But not protected health information (PHI)
Jane Jones
Social security number: 123-45-6789
Select the information on the data sheet that is protected health information (PHI)
Jane has been Dr…ect patient..ect.
*PHYSICAL SECURITY*
Within a secure area, you see an individual who you do not know and is not wearing a visible badge
Ask the individual to see an identification badge.
*IDENTITY MANAGEMENT*
What certificates does the Common Access Card (CAC) or Personal Identity Verification (PIV) card contain?
Identification, encryption, and digital signature
*IDENTITY MANAGEMENT*
Which of the following is an example of a strong password?
eA1xy2!P
*SENSITIVE COMPARTMENTED INFORMATION*
When faxing Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI), what actions should you take?
Mark SCI documents appropriately and use an approved SCI fax machine.
*SENSITIVE COMPARTMENTED INFORMATION*
When is it appropriate to have your security badge visible within a sensitive compartmented information facility (SCIF)?
At all times while in the facility.
*REMOVABLE MEDIA IN A SCIF*
What action should you take when using removable media in a Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility (SCIF)?
Identify and disclose it with local Configuration/Change Management Control and Property Management authorities
*MALICIOUS CODE*
Which of the following is NOT a way malicious code spreads?
Legitimate software updates
*WEBSITE USE*
Which of the following statements is true of cookies?
You should only accept cookies from reputable, trusted websites.
*SOCIAL ENGINEERING*
How can you protect yourself from internet hoaxes?
Use online sites to confirm or expose potential hoaxes
*SOCIAL ENGINEERING*
How can you protect yourself from social engineering?
Follow instructions given only by verified personnel
*SOCIAL ENGINEERING*
What action should you take with an e-mail from a friend containing a compressed Uniform Resource Locator (URL)?
Investigate the link’s actual destination using the preview feature
*TRAVEL*
Which of the following is a concern when using your Government-issued laptop in public?
Others may be able to view your screen.
*USE OF GFE*
What is a critical consideration on using cloud-based file sharing and storage applications on your Government-furnished equipment (GFE)?
Determine if the software or service is authorized
*MOBILE DEVICES*
Which of the following is an example of near field communication (NFC)?
A smartphone that transmits credit card payment information when held in proximity to a credit card reader.
*MOBILE DEVICES*
Which of the following is an example of removable media?
Flash Drive
*HOME COMPUTER SECURITY*
Which of the following is a best practice for securing your home computer?
Create separate accounts for each user.
*Spillage
After reading an online story about a new security project being developed on the military installation where you work, your neighbor asks you to comment about the article. You know this project is classified. What should be your response?
Attempt to change the subject to something non-work related, but neither confirm nor deny the article’s authenticity.
*Spillage
Which of the following may help prevent inadvertent spillage?
Label all files, removable media, and subject headers with appropriate classification markings.
*Spillage
A user writes down details marked as Secret from a report stored on a classified system and uses those details to draft a briefing on an unclassified system without authorization. What is the best choice to describe what has occurred?
Spillage because classified data was moved to a lower classification level system without authorization.
*Spillage
What should you do when you are working on an unclassified system and receive an email with a classified attachment?
Call your security point of contact immediately
*Spillage
What should you do if a reporter asks you about potentially classified information on the web?
Ask for information about the website, including the URL.
*Spillage
.What should you do if a reporter asks you about potentially classified information on the web?
Refer the reporter to your organization’s public affairs office.
*Spillage
What is a proper response if spillage occurs?
~Immediately notify your security POC.
*Spillage
Which of the following is a good practice to aid in preventing spillage?
Be aware of classification markings and all handling caveats.
**Classified Data
When classified data is not in use, how can you protect it?
Store classified data appropriately in a GSA-approved vault/container.
**Classified Data
What is required for an individual to access classified data?
Appropriate clearance, a signed and approved non-disclosure agreement, and need-to-know
**Classified Data
Which classification level is given to information that could reasonably be expected to cause serious damage to national security?
Secret
**Classified Data
What is a good practice to protect classified information?
Ensure proper labeling by appropriately marking all classified material and, when required, sensitive material.
**Classified Data
Which of the following is true of protecting classified data?
Classified material must be appropriately marked.
**Classified Data
Which of the following can an unauthorized disclosure of information classified as Confidential reasonably be expected to cause?
Damage to national security
**Insider Threat
Which of the following is NOT considered a potential insider threat indicator?
New interest in learning a foreign language
**Insider Threat
A colleague has visited several foreign countries recently, has adequate work quality, speaks openly of unhappiness with U.S. foreign policy, and recently had his car repossessed. How many potential insider threat indicators does this employee display?
1 Indicator(wrong)
~3 or more indicators
**Insider Threat
A colleague vacations at the beach every year, is married and a father of four, his work quality is sometimes poor, and he is pleasant to work with. How many potential insider threat indicators does this employee display?
1 indicator
**Insider Threat
How many potential insider threat indicators does a coworker who often makes others uneasy by being persistent in trying to obtain information about classified projects to which he has no access, is boisterous about his wife putting them in credit card debt, and often complains about anxiety and exhaustion display?
3 or more indicators
**Insider Threat
How many potential insider threat indicators does a person who is playful and charming, consistently wins performance awards, but is occasionally aggressive in trying to access sensitive information display?
1 indicator
**Insider Threat
What advantages do “insider threats” have over others that allows them to cause damage to their organizations more easily?
Insiders are given a level of trust and have authorized access to Government information systems
**Insider Threat
What type of activity or behavior should be reported as a potential insider threat?
Coworker making consistent statements indicative of hostility or anger toward the United States in its policies.
**Insider Threat
Which of the following should be reported as a potential security incident?
A coworker removes sensitive information without authorization
**Insider Threat
Which of the following should be reported as a potential security incident (in accordance with you Agency’s insider threat policy)?
~A coworker brings a personal electronic device into a prohibited area.
**Social Networking
When is the safest time to post details of your vacation activities on your social networking website?
When vacation is over, after you have returned home
**Social Networking
What should you do if you receive a game application request that includes permission to access your friends, profile information, cookies, and sires visited?
Decline the request
*Sensitive Information
Under which circumstances is it permitted to share an unclassified draft document with a non-DoD professional discussion group?
As long as the document is cleared for public release, you may share it outside of DoD.
*Sensitive Information
What is the best example of Personally Identifiable Information (PII)?
Date and place of birth
*Sensitive Information
Which of the following is the best example of Personally Identifiable Information (PII)?
Passport number
*Sensitive Information
Which of the following is an example of Protected Health Information (PHI)?
Medical test results
*Sensitive Information
What type of unclassified material should always be marked with a special handling caveat?
For Official Use Only (FOUO)
*Sensitive Information
Under what circumstances could classified information be considered a threat to national security?
If aggregated, the information could become classified.
**Physical Security
What is a good practice for physical security?
Challenge people without proper badges.
**Physical Security
At which Cyberspace Protection Condition (CPCON) is the priority focus on critical functions only?
CPCON 1
**Identity Management
Your DoD Common Access Card (CAC) has a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) token approved for access to the NIPRNet. In which situation below are you permitted to use your PKI token?
On a NIPRNet system while using it for a PKI-required task
**Identity Management
Which of the following is the nest description of two-factor authentication?
Something you possess, like a CAC, and something you know, like a PIN or password
**Identity management
Which is NOT a sufficient way to protect your identity?
Use a common password for all your system and application logons.
**Identity management
What is the best way to protect your Common Access Card (CAC)?
Maintain possession of it at all times.
*Sensitive Compartmented Information
What is a Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI) program?
A program that segregates various type of classified information into distinct compartments for added protection and dissemination for distribution control.
*Sensitive Compartmented Information
Which of the following best describes the compromise of Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI)?
A person who does not have the required clearance or assess caveats comes into possession of SCI in any manner.
*Sensitive Compartmented Information
When should documents be marked within a Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility (SCIF)
~All documents should be appropriately marked, regardless of format, sensitivity, or classification.
Unclassified documents do not need to be marked as a SCIF.
Only paper documents that are in open storage need to be marked.
Only documents that are classified Secret, Top Secret, or SCI require marking. (Wrong)
*Sensitive Compartmented Information
Which must be approved and signed by a cognizant Original Classification Authority (OCA)?
Security Classification Guide (SCG)
**Removable Media in a SCIF
What must users ensure when using removable media such as compact disk (CD)?
It displays a label showing maximum classification, date of creation, point of contact, and Change Management 9CM) Control Number.
*Malicious Code
What are some examples of malicious code?
Viruses, Trojan horses, or worms
**Website Use
While you are registering for a conference, you arrive at the website http://www.dcsecurityconference.org/registration/. The website requires a credit card for registration. What should you do?
Since the URL does not start with “https,” do not provide you credit card information.
**Social Engineering
Which of the following is a practice that helps to prevent the download of viruses and other malicious code when checking your email?
Do not access links or hyperlinked media such as buttons and graphics in email messages.
**Social Engineering
What is TRUE of a phishing attack?
Phishing can be an email with a hyperlink as bait.
**Social Engineering
Which of the following is a way to protect against social engineering?
Follow instructions given only by verified personnel.
**Travel
What is a best practice while traveling with mobile computing devices?
Maintain possession of your laptop and other government-furnished equipment (GFE) at all times.
**Use of GFE
Under what circumstances is it acceptable to use your Government-furnished computer to check personal e-mail and do other non-work-related activities?
If allowed by organizational policy
**Mobile Devices
Which is a rule for removable media, other portable electronic devices (PEDs), and mobile computing devices to protect Government systems?
Do not use any personally owned/non-organizational removable media on your organization’s systems.
**Mobile Devices
Which of the following helps protect data on your personal mobile devices?
Secure personal mobile devices to the same level as Government-issued systems.
**Home Computer Security
How can you protect your information when using wireless technology?
Avoid using non-Bluetooth-paired or unencrypted wireless computer peripherals.
What is the best response if you find classified government data on the internet?
Note any identifying information, such as the website’s URL, and report the situation to your security POC.
What information posted publicly on your personal social networking profile represents a security risk?
Your place of birth
What is the best example of Protected Health Information (PHI)?
Your health insurance explanation of benefits (EOB)
What does Personally Identifiable Information (PII) include?
Social Security Number; date and place of birth; mother’s maiden name
What certificates are contained on the DoD Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) implemented by the Common Access Card (CAC)/Personal Identity Verification (PIV) card?
Identification, encryption, and digital signature
What describes how Sensitive Compartmented Information is marked?
Approved Security Classification Guide (SCG)
Which is a risk associated with removable media?
Spillage of classified information.
What is an indication that malicious code is running on your system?
File corruption
What is a valid response when identity theft occurs?
Report the crime to local law enforcement.
What is whaling?
A type of phishing targeted at high-level personnel such as senior officials.
What is a best practice to protect data on your mobile computing device?
Lock your device screen when not in use and require a password to reactivate.
What is a possible indication of a malicious code attack in progress?
A pop-up window that flashes and warns that your computer is infected with a virus.
Which of the following may be helpful to prevent inadvertent spillage?
Which of the following may be helpful to prevent inadvertent spillage?
What should you do after you have ended a call from a reporter asking you to confirm potentially classified info found on the web?
Alert your security point of contact.
Which of the following is NOT an example of sensitive information?
Which of the following is NOT an example of sensitive information?
PII
SSN, date and place of birth, mother’s maiden name, biometric records, PHI, passport number
PHI
Subset of PII, health information that identifies the individual, relates to physical or mental health of an individual, provision of health care to an individual, or payment of healthcare for individual
Which of the following is NOT a typical result from running malicious code?
Disable cookies
What kind of information could reasonably be expected to cause serious damage to national security in the event of unauthorized disclosure?
Secret
Telework
Have your permissions from your organization, follow your organization guideline, use authorized equipment and software, employ cyber security best practice, perform telework in dedicated when home.
Which of the following should be reported as a potential security incident (in accordance with your Agency’s insider threat policy)?
A coworker brings a personal electronic device into prohibited areas.
A colleague complains about anxiety and exhaustion, makes coworkers uncomfortable by asking excessive questions about classified projects, and complains about the credit card bills that his wife runs up. How many potential insider threat indicators does this employee display?
3 or more indicators
A colleague has won 10 high-performance awards, can be playful and charming, is not currently in a relationship, and occasionally aggressive in trying to access sensitive information. How many potential insider threat indicators does this employee display?
1 indicator
What information most likely presents a security risk on your personal social networking profile?
Mother’s maiden name
Which of the following represents a good physical security practice?
Use your own security badge, key code, or Common Access Card (CAC)/Personal Identity Verification (PIC) card.
How should you protect your Common Access Card (CAC) or Personal Identity Verification (PIV) card?
Store it in a shielded sleeve to avoid chip cloning.
Which of the following statements is NOT true about protecting your virtual identity?
Use personal information to help create strong passwords.
While you are registering for a conference, you arrive at the website http://www.dcsecurityconference.org/registration/. The website requires a credit card for registration. What should you do?
Since the URL does not start with “https,” do not provide your credit card information.
You receive an email from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) demanding immediate payment of back taxes of which you were not aware. The email provides a website and a toll-free number where you can make payment. What action should you take?
Contact the IRS using their publicly available, official contact information.
Which of the following is a practice that helps to prevent the download of viruses and other malicious code when checking your email?
Do not access links or hyperlinked media such as buttons and graphics in email messages.
Which of the following is true of Internet hoaxes?
They can be part of a distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack.
Which of the following is NOT true of traveling overseas with a mobile phone?
Physical security of mobile phones carried overseas is not a major issue.
A coworker has asked if you want to download a programmer’s game to play at work. What should be your response?
I’ll pass.
A coworker wants to send you a sensitive document to review while you are at lunch and you only have your personal tablet. What should you do?
Never allow sensitive data on non-Government-issued mobile devices.
A man you do not know is trying to look at your Government-issued phone and has asked to use it. What should you do?
Decline to lend the man your phone.
How can you protect your information when using wireless technology?
Avoid using non-Bluetooth-paired or unencrypted wireless computer peripherals.
What should you do if a reporter asks you about potentially classified information on the web?
Neither confirm or deny the information is classified.
Which of the following may be helpful to prevent inadvertent spillage?
Label all files, removable media, and subject headers with appropriate classification markings.
What kind of information could reasonably be expected to cause serious damage to national security in the event of unauthorized disclosure?
Secret
Which of the following is NOT true concerning a computer labeled SECRET?
May be used on an unclassified network.
A colleague complains about anxiety and exhaustion, makes coworkers uncomfortable by asking excessive questions about classified projects, and complains about the credit card bills that his wife runs up. How many potential insider threat indicators does this employee display?
3 or more indicators
Which of the following should be reported as a potential security incident?
A coworker removes sensitive information without approval.
Which of the following should be reported as a potential security incident (in accordance with your Agency’s insider threat policy)?
A coworker brings a personal electronic device into prohibited areas.
When would be a good time to post your vacation location and dates on your social networking website?
When you return from your vacation.
In setting up your personal social networking service account, what email address should you use?
Your personal email address.
Which of the following is NOT a correct way to protect sensitive information?
Sensitive information may be stored on any password-protected system.
Which of these is true of unclassified data?
It’s classification level may rise when aggregated.
Is it permitted to share an unclassified draft document with a non-DoD professional discussion group?
As long as the document is cleared for public release, you may share it outside of DoD.
Within a secure area, you see an individual you do not know. Her badge is not visible to you. What is the best course of action?
Ask the individual to identify herself.
How should you protect your Common Access Card (CAC) or Personal Identity Verification (PIV) card?
Store it in a shielded sleeve to avoid chip cloning.
Your DoD Common Access Card (CAC) has a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) token approves for access to the NIPRNET. In which situation below are you permitted to use your PKI token?
On a NIPRNET system while using it for a PKI-required task
After clicking on a link on a website, a box pops up and asks if you want to run an application. Is it okay to run it?
No. Only allow mobile code to run from your organization or your organization’s trusted sites.
Upon connecting your Government- issued laptop to a public wireless connection, what should you immediately do?
Connect to the Government Virtual Private Network (VPN).
What do you do if spillage occurs?
Immediately notify your security point of contact.
What should you do after you have ended a call from a reporter asking you to confirm potentially classified information found on the web?
Alert your security point of contact.
Which of the following is NOT a requirement for telework?
You must possess security clearance eligibility to telework.
Who can be permitted access to classified data?
Only persons with appropriate clearance, a non-disclosure agreement, and need-to-know can access classified data.
A colleague has won 10 high-performance awards, can be playful and charming, is not currently in a relationship, and is occasionally aggressive in trying to access sensitive information. How many potential insiders threat indicators does this employee display?
1 indicator
A colleague has visited several foreign countries recently, has adequate work quality, speaks openly of unhappiness with U.S. foreign policy, and recently had his car repossessed. How many potential insiders threat indicators does this employee display?
3 or more indicators
A colleague complains about anxiety and exhaustion, makes coworkers uncomfortable by asking excessive questions about classified projects, and complains about the credit card bills that his wife runs up. How many potential insiders threat indicators does this employee display?
3 or more indicators
In setting up your personal social networking service account, what email address should you use?
Your personal email address
What information most likely presents a security risk on your personal social networking profile?
Your place of birth
Which of the following is NOT an example of sensitive information?
Press release data
Is it permitted to share an unclassified draft document with a non-DoD professional discussion group?
As long as the document is cleared for public release, you may release it outside of DoD
Which of the following is an example of Protected Health Information (PHI)?
I’ve tried all the answers and it still tells me off. Examples are: Patient names, Social Security numbers, Driver’s license numbers, insurance details, and birth dates
Which of the following represents a good physical security practice?
Use your own security badge, key code, or Common Access Card (CAC)/Personal Identity Verification (PIC) card.
Which of the following is NOT a good way to protect your identity?
Use a single, complex password for your system and application logons.
Which of the following statements is TRUE about the use of DoD Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) tokens?
Always use DoD PKI tokens within their designated classification level.
Which of the following is NOT a typical means for spreading malicious code?
Patching from a trusted source
Which of the following is a practice that helps to protect you from identity theft?
Ordering a credit report annually
Which of the following is a practice that helps to prevent the download of viruses and other malicious code when checking your email?
Do not access links or hyperlinked media such as buttons and graphics in email messages.
You receive an unexpected email from a friend: “I think you’ll like this: https://tinyurl.com/2fcbvy.” What action should you take?
Use TinyURL’s preview feature to investigate where the link leads.
You receive an email from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) demanding immediate payment of back taxes of which you were not aware. The email provides a website and a toll-free number where you can make payment. What action should you take?
Contact the IRS
When using your government-issued laptop in public environments, with which of the following should you be concerned?
The potential for unauthorized viewing of work-related information displayed on your screen.
Under what circumstances is it acceptable to check personal email on Government-furnished equipment (GFE)?
If your organization allows it.
Which of the following is NOT a best practice to protect data on your mobile computing device?
Lock your device screen when not in use and require a password to reactivate.
When checking in at the airline counter for a business trip, you are asked if you would like to check your laptop bag. This bag contains your government-issued laptop. What should you do?
I’ve tried all the answers and it still tells me off, part 2. Decline So That You Maintain Physical Control of Your Government-Issued Laptop.
How can you protect your information when using wireless technology?
Avoid using non-Bluetooth-paired or unencrypted wireless computer peripherals.
Are you a Boot B*cht?
Are you a Boot B*cht?
Yes

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