Reading Plus Answers Level F

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Selling Sugar

QuestionAnswer
This selection is mainly about theinfluence of the sugar industry and differing views about how much is too much.
Read this excerpt. Which sentence about this part…Some members of this committee received money from the sugar industry.
The previous question asked about a committee that reviewed the safety of sugarThe committee members were paid to take the side of the sugar industry.
What does this part of the selection tel you about the International Sugar Research Foundation?The group’s research was intended to convince people that sugar was safe.
Read this excerpt. While the sugar industry was advertising sugar as a way to lose weight,more young people were becoming overweight.
This selection about sugar is an example ofinformational writing.
Read these two excepts. These excerpts show that as doctors and dentists…fought to convince people that doctors and dentists were wrong
In this excerpt, the word “perception” most closely meansbelief
The sugar industry produces and sells sugar. As people started to believe sugar was unhealthy, what did the sugar industry do?tried to make people think sugar was healthy
Read this part of the text. Sugar supplies were limited during the war.sugar was not necessary or healthy.

When Einstein Was Wrong

QuestionAnswer
The central idea of this selection is thatscientific genius Albert Einstein made mistakes that he learned from over time.
The text states that Einstein never fully proved (showed the work for) his famous equation, E equals mc squared. Which two people and/or groups of people did?physicist Max von Laue; scientists at France’s Centre for Theoretical Physics
Order:– Your Math Was Messy
– You Measured Wrong
– You Changed Your Correct Answer
– You Did The Wrong Problem
The reason some scientists complained that Einstein’s proof wasn’t rigorous was because itdidn’t describe particles moving at all speeds.
What idea does this part give about Einstein?Einstein was not afraid of being wrong when searching for knowledge.
The author of the selection refers to Einstein’s 1905 doctoral thesis asthe biggest homework assignment of Einstein’s life.
Read this part from the text. In this part, the word “bungler” most closely means someone whohas little or no experience in their field.
Some people think in words and numbers. Einstein’s mind worked differently. Einsteinimagined entire experiments in his head.
Einstein’s theory of relativity suggested the universe was changing in size. Later, Edwin Hubble discovered the universe really was expanding. If Hubble had not discovered this, thenastronomers would still think of the universe as one constant size.
How does this image relate to the selection?It shows the tools Einstein used to do his work.

Hola, Mexico – Part 1

Thinking about traveling to Mexico? Here are some fun facts about the 14th-largest country in the world.

QuestionAnswer
This text is mainly aboutlearning about the places and people of another country.
In this text, NAFTA stands for theNorth American Free Trade Agreement
Read these two parts of the text.They show some similarities and differences between Mexico and the U.S.
According to the text, the type of climate a person living in Mexico experiences depends onlocation
This selection can be best described as an informational text because itprovides facts and statistics about Mexico.
Read this part of the text. Which two factors are causing deforestation in Mexico?Cattle ranching; growing cities.
Sentence:In protected areas of Mexico, human actions like illegal…
More than 10 percent of Earth’s plants and animals…can only be found in Mexico.
Read this part of the text. What divides Mexico’s two main climates?Tropic of Cancer
Which sentence from the text shows why a good relationship with the United States is important to Mexico’s economy?About half of Mexican imports come from the United States.

Parallel Universes

QuestionAnswer
This selection is mainly aboutdifferent kinds of parallel universes and how they work.
This selection is best describes asThis selection is best described as
The previous question asked about genre. You can tell this selection is a nonfiction interview because it isorganizes by using a question-and-answer format.
Read this excerpt from the selection. How does the author make a complex idea more understandable?by comparing it to a video game
According to the selection, what is the most common reason people do not believe parallel universes are real?People think the idea is too strange to be true.
Read this excerpt from the selection. What is the one thing that will not change for any universe in Level l?the laws of physics
In Level III, superposition are particles that are in different places at the same the same time…people can be in two places at once.
Read these two excerpts from the text. Level II and Level IV would cover different topics in physics class than Level I. This is because.the laws of physics would be different
SentencesWe’re made of little…
School can be…
The author explains that the science of…computers.

Sumo Wrestling

QuestionAnswer
This selection is mainly about a sport thatRemains basically unchanged since ancient times
Sumo wrestlers do not show any emotion if they win or lose a match. Why?It would be disrespectful to an opponent
Read this part from the selection. Which of the following could best replace the word “isolated”?Separated
In Sumo wrestling, what is a “topknot?”A sumo hairstyle that protects the head from injury
Look at this image. What was the primary purpose of this substance during ancient Sumo wrestling matches?To prove to the gods that a Sumo match would be a clean match with no cheating
This selection is best described asInformational writing
Which two of the following are rules that young Sumo wrestlers must follow?• Waking up early to do chores
• Living respectfully and properly
All these statements about Sumo wrestling are correct. Which one supports the claim that the sport has not changed since ancient times?A sumo match begins with clapping hands, stomping feet, and salt thrown around the ring
Read this part of the selection. If Japan had been part of mainland Asia rather than an island nation, which of the following most likely would have occurred?A form of wrestling would have developed that was similar to other nations’ versions of the sport
According to the selection, Japan developed a unique culture becauseIt is made of islands that are separated from other countries by the sea
Put these events in order from life of Hakuho in order in which they occurred, from first to lastHe moved from Mongolia to Japan
He was rejected from most Sumo stables
He won his first tournament
He won the title of “yokozuna”

Experiencing What You Eat

QuestionAnswer
This selection is mainly about howEating mindfully can help people make healthier food choices.
Please read this excerpt about Frederick Hecht’s study. Compared with the non-mindful group, which two of these outcomes did the mindfulness group show?• Lower blood sugar (glucose)
• Greater weight loss
Based on your answer to the previous question, Frederick Hecht’s study suggests that mindfulness exercisesMay help people maintain a healthy weight.
Based on what you have read, the author of this selection wants readers to understand thatResearch supports the health benefits of paying attention to what you experience while eating.
This selection describes Jean Kristeller’s study on mindfulness and eating disorders. Based on this excerpt, two key elements of this study are• Learning to eat mindfully.
• Doing mini-meditations before eating.
Based on this text, which two of the following suggest that MB-EAT can be used to treat binge- eating disorder?• Participants showed improvements in the areas of self- esteem and depression.
• Six months after starting the program, most participants no longer qualified as binge-eaters.
Based on what you have read, the term “mindfulness” refers toBeing aware of what is going on in the moment.
Frederick Hecht’s study found that participants who practiced mindfulness lowered their triglyceride levels. Based on what you have read, this mayReduce the risk of heart attack and stroke.
Please read this excerpt from the selection. Based on what you have read, Frankie Engelking has found that mindful eating can help studentsDiscover something new about foods they eat all the time.
This excerpt describes two types of cholesterol. Based on this text, Hecht’s study showed that mindfulness patients improved their cholesterol levels byIncreasing HDL

Martha’s Food Blog

QuestionAnswer
What is the main idea in this selectionSmall ideas can influence people all over the world through the internet
Why did Martha first start writing a blog?To get experience in writing like a journalist
Read this excerpt from the selection. If Martha had written her school lunch reviews…She would not have enough readers to raise money for Mary’s meals.
What evidence does the author give to show that all of Martha’s experiences…Some of her classmates were mean to her
What is an educational benefit that resulted from the new school…More children attend school everyday
How did Martha feel when her school told her she could no longer…Disappointed
Of the categories Martha developed to compare meals…Health and Taste
How does the author show the reader how popular…By reporting the number of visits and donations
Place the following events in the correct order…Martha launches a blog about her meals at school.
Martha’s father tweets a link to her site
Martha raises money for a school kitchen…
Martha goes to Africa…
What does this excerpt tell you about the children of Lirangwe Primary SchoolThey do not have access to running water in their homes.
Which of the following was most likely a challenge for Martha in keeping up with her blog day after day?Finding time in between her other activities to write

It’s All About Respect

QuestionAnswer
This story is mainly aboutThe need for respectful treatment…
Which sentence supports the statement that native AmericansThe word savages offends many native Americans because they feel…
In this excerpt, what does the word principles…Fundamental guides for action…
Which sentence summarizes Teters efforts against the use of…She attracted other supporters who adopt…
Teters and Alexie are alike in that they both…Used their creative talents to challenge…
In this excerpt, what does it mean that “Native Americans” had…They had moved around the land as they…
According to the story, the feathers of this bird…A tribal elder
Which of the following did the supporters of keeping Chief Illnewek use…He was a symbol of the University’s…
How did the filmmakers reinforce a stereotypical view…By portraying them in demeaning roles
What embarrassed Teters children at the…The mascot who performed a fake…

Love and Courage

Group of men fighting in farm.

QuestionAnswer
This selection is mainly about a woman whoDemonstrated great courage in wartime
At the end of the selection what surprised Belle enough for her to almost faintShe saw her husband who had returned safely.
Choose the sentence in this excerpt that supports the author’s view that Belle had determination.It seemed almost too much to endure; but i resolved to make the trial
The disheartened Union army regiment was helped by which two following?A pair of gunboats; Additional troops
What probably happened when the gunboats of the federal army arrived.The gunboats started firing on rebel troops
In describing a civil war hospital, you could say the…Methods were primitive but surgeons did their best
What is the most likely reason why belle continued to make breakfast while the camp was under attack.She wanted the men to eat before leaving for battle
Place the following events in order…Belle joins her husband on the front lines
Belle begins keeping a journal detailing army life
General Grant starts starts a campaign against the south
Belle boards a streamer headed to pittsburgh
In this except, what does the phrase “soon to be mustered out” indicate about soldierThe soldier was dying
Based on this except, which sentence describes the outcome of the battle of shilohUnion troops at first retreated, but then turned around to win

The Hidden Ingredient

QuestionAnswer
This text is mainly aboutHistory of humans…
Based on this text petroleum is sometimes calledCrude oil
Decompensators like worms break down once living things…Speed up the process
Which two details from the text explain why crude oil can be called natural and organic• It is made from once living organisms
• It is
This selection is an example ofInformational text
Read this part of a text. In the first sentence, what species does the author mentionHuman beings
These sentences are from the text. Which one best explains why humans had to stop using open flames for light at nightInstead they burned fumes at power plants
Humans take crude oil from the ground. The author explains that humans also speed up the return of crude oil to Earth surfaces. The author most likely meansAccidental spills in the ocean
How does this image of chewing gum relate to the textSome chewing gum includes an ingredient that comes from petroleum
Petroleum is a fossil fuel. Read this part from the text and one from another source. Together these parts explainedThe negative effect of petroleum products on the environment

Ulysses’ Homeward Adventure

QuestionAnswer
This selection is mainly about Ulysses andhis triumph over the Cyclops.
What was the Cyclops’ biggest mistake in…The Cyclops was looking for someone who…
Think about what you have read. What is one example of Ulysses using his wisdom?Telling the Cyclops his ship had been destroyed on the rocks.
Ulysses wondered if he should kill the sleeping giant with his sword. Why did Ulysses decide against this idea?He and his crew would be trapped inside the cave by a giant rock that blocked the entrance.
This story about Ulysses, his crew, and the Cyclops is calleda legend.
What kind of leader was Ulysses?Brave, generous, and wise.
In this sentence from the text, the word…die.
This island of the Cyclopes is between which two cities?Troy, Ithaca.
The author also refers to the Cyclops by which other names?the giant; Polyphemus.
Ulysses’ difficult journey home was the result ofa punishment from the gods.

Offerings From The Heart

Two gold presents in a pocket.

QuestionAnswer
The selection is mainly aboutTwo poor people whose love for each other makes them rich
Which two things made Jim’s watch such a beloved objectIt had been passed down in his family
It always kept perfect time
Put the following events from the Christmas Eve gift exchange in the correct order, starting with the earliestJim discovered that Della had cut her hair.
Della was sad that she could not use the combs from Jim.
Della presented Jim with the Watch chain as a gift.
Jim told Della he sold his watch to buy her combs
In this selection, the author compares Della and Jim, a very poor couple, with the Queen of Sheba and King Solomon, a very rich couple why?The author wants to show that, in some ways, Della and Jim are just as rich, but in other ways.
The author breaks some formal grammar rules, using incomplete sentences and starting other sentences with ¨but,¨ ¨and,¨ and¨ or.¨ How does this affect the selection?It sounds more like speech, making the story feel as if it is being spoken by a person.
From what you have read, you can tell that Della and Jim lived inA modest apartment.
Choose the sentence in this excerpt in which Della shows how sad she feels about cutting her hair.Once, she hesitated for a minute, and stood still while a tear or two splashed on the worn red carpet.
From what you have read, why did Della’s Joy turn to sadness when she opened her giftShe could no longer use the combs she had long wanted.
Della thinks Madame Sophie will buy Dalla’s hair most likely becauseMadam could use the hair to make wigs to sell in her shop.
What is Matt when the author states that Madame lifted della silky hair with a practiced hand?Madam has cut people’s hair many times before.

Slow Down For Food

Mindfulness can help people pay attention to what–and how much–they consume. One benefit? Better health!

QuestionAnswer
This selection is mainly about howeating mindfully can help people make healthier food choices.
Read this excerpt about a weight-loss study. Compared with the non-mindful group, the mindfulness group showed which two outcomes?lower risk of diabetes;
greater weight loss.
The previous question asked about a weight-loss study. Based on your answer to that question, this study suggests that mindfulness exercisesmay help people maintain a healthy weight.
Based on this text, the term “mindfulness” refers mainly tobeing fully aware of experiences in the present moment.
Read this excerpt. The author’s tone in this excerpt can best be described asinformative.
One study in this selection showed that students who spent 15 minutes doing a mindfulness exercise ate 25 percent fewer calories. This gives you the idea thatmindful eating can help people avoid overeating.
Read these two excerpts. Which idea do both parts support?Mindless eating may result in people consuming more food than they need.
The author most likely wrote…teach the reader about the potential health…
Based on this excerpt from the selection…discover something new about foods they eat all the time.
Which two outcomes do the studies in this selection most strongly support?better health; weight loss.

Be an Electrician – Part 1

If you have an interest in systems, codes, and how they work together to provide electricity, an electrician could be the perfect career for you.

QuestionAnswer
This selection is mainly abouthow to prepare for a career as an electrician.
Based on this selection, Michael likes his job as a line repairer for which two reasons?He gets to work outside.
He is helping many people at once.
An apprenticeship would be helpful to future electricians because they canlearn from a mentor who has experience on the job.
Read this excerpt from the selection. Which sentence best summarizes this part?Transformers are an important part of delivering electricity to homes and businesses.
The word “fundamentals” in this sentence could be replaced with the wordbasics.
in order:– climbs into the bucket of the service truck
– is lifted by a crane to the electrical equipment on the pole
– drills new holes in the pole and attaches a new transformer
– removes the dead transformer and is lowered down
It is important for Michael’s clothing to have the correct arc rating becausethis will protect him from being injured in an electrical accident.
The author explains that students in trade and vocational schools “do more than read books and take tests.” Which sentence from the text shows the biggest difference?There is a great deal of hands-on training.
Read these two excerpts from the text. Based on these excerpts, residential electricians are different from commercial electricians becauseresidential electricians work in people’s homes.
Based on this excerpt, which question does Michael need to answer when he arrives at the location of the emergency?Can this transformer be repaired?

Linsanity

QuestionAnswer
This story is mainly aboutthe excitement generated by a unique NBA player.
The author says that Lin is unique in the NBA. Which sentence supports that description?He wasn’t drafted despite a very impressive college career.
The author uses this opening paragraph to create a tone ofexhilaration.
Which sentence indicates that prejudice may have hampered Lin’s rise to stardom in basketball?Preconceived ideas kept him on the bench, just because of how he looked.
Lin got his big chance becauseother teams members became injured.
Which saying characterized the training Lin received from his dad on the court?Practice makes perfect.
How did the factor of Lin’s heritage change during the basketball season?from damaging to helpful.
When the author says that coaches expressed their regret regarding their oversight, what does the word “oversight” refer to?failure to notice
Which sentence indicates the wide extent of Lin’s popularity?People who did not follow sports knew all about him.
What was the most important result of the season of Linsanity?A player proved Asian Americans could be great basketball players.

The Treasures of Asgard

  1. What is the main idea of the selection? Answer: A noted trickster uses his mischievous spirit to get himself into and out of trouble.
  2. What does the phrase “give me my fill” mean in this excerpt? Answer: To satisfy hunger with food.…
  3. By eating the apples of Idun, the gods were able to… Answer: Avoid any signs of aging.
  4. What does this excerpt tell the reader about Loki’s character? Answer: He lets mischievous nature take over his good judgment.
  5. According to this excerpt, the main factor in Loki’s success as a trickster was that Answer: Other people were good and did not expect him to wrong them.
  6. In this excerpt, the author creates a mood of Answer: Suspense.
  7. Choose the sentence in this excerpt that contains two figures of speech called similes… Answer: Now his flight becomes like the flash of lightning for swiftness and like the rushing of clouds.
  8. Based on this excerpt, how did the council members realize that Loki was responsible… Answer: They investigated his movements on the day Idun disappeared.
  9. For Loki, why would he consider his “trick” to have been a success? Answer: He was able to tease the gods by their upsetting lives.
  10. Read the following excerpt. In today’s society, Idun’s husband would most likely… Answer 1: Writer of musical scores.  Answer 2: Performer in operas.

Home Is Where The Heart Is

QuestionAnswer
This selection shows mainly that adog’s love can be boundless.
Jeff could be described asenergetic and curious.
The authors use the information in this excerpt asforeshadowing.
Jeff’s most annoying habit isbarking in people’s ears.
Based on this excerpt, which of the following is an opinion?Scientists think monarch butterflies have directions stored in their DNA.
Why is the word “emotional” used in the nickname “emotional GPS”?to show that dogs use their feelings rather than their knowledge
What do these two excerpts tell you about information on the Internet?It needs to be evaluated before taken as reliable.
Why is Dr. Jacobs skeptical that the dying dog is Jeff?Stories on returning dogs are misleading.
At the vet’s office, Jeff’s owner could be described asnervous and hopeful.
The dying dog identifies himself as Jeff bybarking in the vet’s ear.

The Chess Prodigy

QuestionAnswer
What is the main idea of this selection?Mastering the principles of chess can have far-reaching effects on a person’s life.
Based on this excerpt, what first motivated Phiona’s interest in chess to grow?The need to plan ahead to survive in both the game and life
What does the author mean when he describes Phiona’s life as “a twist of fate”?It was a random occurrence that she discovered chess while living in a slum.
From this excerpt, what can you tell about Phiona?She did not care what others thought of her
Why was Phiona’s lack of success at the 2010 Chess Olympiad not surprising?She was younger and far less experienced than most of her opponents.
Which sentence supports the author’s statement that Phiona is “one of the most promising young players in the world”?When Phiona met Garry Kasparov, the world’s greatest living chess player, she was the one being honored.
Put these events in Phiona’s life in order, starting with the earliest.She seldom loses a game at the Junior Championship in Uganda.
She wins all the games at a children’s tournament in Sudan.
Her victories qualify her for the Chess Olympiad in Siberia. but she falls short.
She improves her games and does better at the Chess Olympiad in Istanbul.
Based on this excerpt, why does the author refer to Katwe as “a place from which its residents seldom escape”?The people are so poor and conditions so desperate that few people have the money to move away.
Why did Robert Katende believe that the skills needed for chess would benefit the children he taught?It would help them solve problems in their everyday lives.
Read these two excerpts. In what ways are Phiona and Kasparov alike?• They both are inspirations to others.
• They both enjoyed the educational aspects of chess.

Let the Games Begin!

QuestionAnswer
What’s the main idea of this selectionThe Paralympics is for people with disabilities
This selection explains how the Paralympics began. Put these event in order from first to lastDr. Guttmann opened a spinal injuries center in England.
Dr. Guttmann organized the first competition for athletes in wheelchairs.
The International Stoke Mandeville Games were founded.
The name of the Events was changed to the Paralympics
The prefix “para” in the paralympics means“beside” or “alongside”
Which two statements about the Paralympics are correctThey begin after the Olympics have ended.
They take place in the same location
An athlete can try put for the Paralympics if judges believe he or sheHas a disability that would affect his or her ability to compete in the Olympics
Athletes in the Paralympics are organized into a sport classes. the goal is to have each class include athletes whoHave similar disabilities
For sports related to running, athletes with vision problems are in one of three groups: T11, T12, or T13. What do the numbers in these groups mean?The lower the number, the more serious the disability.
Based on what you have read, what does this image show?A Paralympic runner and a guide using the buddy system.
The text states that the guide in the buddy system is very important to the runner’s process. Which two sentences from the text best supports this?The runner and the guide train together so that they can understand each other’s style.
If the runner wins a medal, the guide also wins one.
The genre of this selection can best be described asInformational nonfiction

A Global Art

QuestionAnswer
This selection is mainly aboutThe history & popularity of a specific art form.
What do these two excerpts have in common?Both list popular anime films or shows.
Based on this excerpt, which statement best summarizes the difference between super robotsSuper robots are fantasy, but real robots are realistic
This image of an anime character shows which common animeOverly large eyes
Based on what you have read, this selection can best be described asInformational nonfiction
“Dubbed” anime hasEnglish-speaking actors whose voices are recorded over the Japanese
Anime is the Japanese word forNimated drawings or images
In the 1980s, which two events helped anime spread to new audiences?The availability of home video & C.the creation of video games using
Satoshi Tajiri, the creator of Pokemon, got his idea fromCollecting insects when he was a child
In this expert, what does the term “short-lived” most closely mean?Brief or temporary

It’s All in the Pipes/Saving Houses Part 1

QuestionAnswer
The central focus of this text is toExplain what skills are needed to work as a plumber
This selection can best be described as informational nonfiction because itProvides facts about plumbing
Based on what you have read, which statement about apprenticeships is correct?Apprenticeships help plumbers become prepared for real-life work
Put the steps of a plumber’s training in the order that it occurs, from first to last.Plumber either goes to vocational school or straight into an apprenticeship
Plumber takes basic courses in how to use and care for different equipment
Plumber participates in on-the-job training
Plumber becomes a journeyman and works towards certification
In this text, the author states that sometimes plumbers should attend vocational school before an apprenticeship. Why?It teaches plumbers basic and specialized skills
Read this excerpt. What are two advantages of plumbers completing an apprenticeship?• Being trained by experienced professionals
• Learning important skills on job sites
The author gives the numbers of plumbers working in some U.S. states. Based on these numbers, you can conclude that these statesHave a huge need for plumbers
Choose the two sentences from this excerpt that explain what subjects are helpful for plumbers to learn• Everything from basic addition and subtraction all the way to algebra and geometry will be helpful to plumbers
• Having some knowledge of science, especially physics, is also very useful
Which two tasks are master plumbers able to accomplish?• Oversee work sites
• Design plumbing systems
This is an image of a welding class, which is a type of class plumbers take during an apprenticeship. How is this image related to the selection?Classes help plumbers learn skills they will need once they finish their program
Read this excerpt. The author includes a question in this excerpt toHelp the reader understand questions a plumber may think of in a situation
Based on what you have read, which aspect of his job does Andy Evans enjoy the most?The ability to make his own decisions

A Magic Night

QuestionAnswer
This selection is mainly about Jason McElway andhow sports helped him improve his life
When Jason was a child, how did his mom know that he was not like other children?He avoided other children and did not speak
This Sesame Street character inspired Jason to do something when he was five years old. What did Jason do?He spoke his first words, Big Bird
What event caused Jason to become interested in basketball?Jason’s older brother, Josh, started taking Jason everywhere he went, including sports locations
Put these events from Jason’s life in order from first to last– Jason became student-manager of the Greece Athena Varsity Basketball team
– Jason was the high scorer of the “senior night” basketball game
– Jason became a motivational speaker
– Jason ran in the Boston Marathon
At the “senior night” basketball game, Coach Johnson told Jason he would try to get him into the game “only if the situation allowed.” This means the coach would let Jason
play
only if their team was in the lead and there was no real danger of them losing
Read this excerpt. In the last sentence, the phrase “desired interview” most closely meansa person whom everyone wants to talk to
How do these two excerpts compare to or contrast with each other?Both describe Jason’s enthusiasm and commitment toward the high school basketball team
How did Jason’s sudden fame affect him?It made him more confident
Which statement about Jason is correct?He was a top-performing runner as a senior on the high school’s cross-country team

Human vs. Artificial Intelligence (Man Vs. Computer)

QuestionAnswer
This selection is mainly aboutA battle between human and artificial intel.
Choose the sentence in the excerpt that explains why a computer could beThey developed a special code that allowed the comp. to calculate.
What words best describe Kasparov’s state of mind during his losing matchStunned and tense.
Based on this selection, which two words could be used to describe a computer’s thinkingRigid & Predictable
Why does the author refer to Deep Blues as “another beast”It represented a mighty opponent to defeat
Humans and computers are alike when playing chess because they bothEvaluate each move and its effect on the outcome of the game
The author backs up his statement that computers are not considered as creative as humansA computer can do only what humans have programmed it to do
Why was Kasparov’s loss to Deep Blue so surprisingHe had defeated Deep B and other computers in the past
Based on this excerpt, what did Kasparov mean when he said of Deep B that he would “personally tear it to pieces”If Deep B continued to play in chess competitions, he would beat it
What does that excerpt tell you about human brains and computer intelHuman brains have the ability to be creative and imaginative

Dumb Luck

QuestionAnswer
This selection is mainly abouthow luck can give a person a false reputation.
What technique does the author use to make the story appear true?He says it was told to him by an honest clergyman.
What does the banquet guest mean when he says, “It was food and drink to me to look, and look, and look at that idol”?The guest felt inspired just by looking at Scoresby.
What motivated the clergyman to help Scoresby in his first exam?sympathy
How does the clergyman ease his guilt about helping Scoresby succeed?He believes Scoresby’s future actions will show others his lack of ability.
What does this excerpt tell you about how the public treated Scoresby?People believed that Scoresby could do no wrong.
What could be considered Scoresby’s greatest stroke of luck?coming upon the Russian army reserves.
Which of the following adjectives characterize Scoresby?modest, trusting, and clueless
At the end of the selection, what question might a reader have?Why was the clergyman the only one to see Scoresby was a fool?
This excerpt has a tone ofsarcasm.

William & The Windmill

Q. This selection is mainly about how William…

Ans: Built a windmill to bring electric power to his village…

Q. When the drought was over, William planned to enter high school but did…

Ans: His family didn’t have the money to pay the school fees…

Q. In this excerpt, what’s the purpose of the third sentence?…

Ans: It offers an example to support a statement given in the second sentence…

Q. A simile is a comparison between two things. Choose the sentence in this excerpt that shows…

Ans: They were tall, steel towers with blades revolving like giant fans…

Q. Based on this excerpt, what was the most important factor in Williams’s decision to…

Ans: There was plenty of wind in his area to power a windmill…

Q. How do these two excerpts from the selection work together…

Ans: Both illustrate how William found the parts he needed from piles of scraps and junk…

Q. The selection state’s that since there is no work for “windmill” in the language of Malawi, William told the people the windmill was “magetsi a mphepo” what does this mean…

Ans: Electric wind…

Q. Based on these two excerpts, the attitude of the people in the village toward William can best be described as…

Ans: Doubtful…

Q. When the windmill was finished, William unlocked the wheel to allow it to turn. The selection states this moment was “his moment” for two reasons…

Ans 1: To find out if his experiment would work…  Ans 2: To show everyone that he wasn’t crazy…

Q. In this excerpt, which does the word “marvel” most closely mean…

Ans: Look at wonder or amazement…

How’s Your Memory?

QuestionAnswer
What is the main idea of this selection?Most people are capable of improving their memory if they use a variety of aids and strategies.
This selection says that memory is helped byBeing interested in what you are learning.
This type of memory aid is calledA mnemonic.
To increase memory, the author wants to persuade the reader toHave fresh air and exercise
Infants in this selection were not startled the second time they heard a bell becauseThe sound of the ringing bell is in their memories.
In this except, researchers believe the first step in the memory process isStoring information correctly.
Based on this selection, the best thing to do during a momentary memory block isTo relax and think of something else
Which of the following is an example of the strategy of association described in this selection?“Mr Whitehead has white hair”
According to the selection, momentary mental blocks can be caused byStress.
Experts say it is easier to remember something if you “sleep on it” most likely becauseThere have been few occurrences at night to interfere with the information you learned.

A Mighty Giant

QuestionAnswer
Ulysses’ difficult journey home was the result of?a punishment of the god.
Ulysses’ judged that the cave he visited was home to a rich shepherd. How does the author of this story help the reader understand how Ulysses reached this opinion?by describing the … of the cave.
Why was Ulysses so concerned about what kind of host the owner of the cave might be?welcoming guests was a quality valued by both travelers and the gods.
Which of the following statements is an example of Ulysses’ wisdom?knowing he would be stuck in the cave if he slayed the giant.
Based on this excerpt, how did Ulysses’ men escape from the cave?they hid under the ramp belly.
Put the events in Ulysses’ escape from the clutches of the Cyclops in the correct order, starting with the earliest.a – Ulysses and his men find a big pole in the cave.
b – Ulysses and his men sharpen a pole…
c – The Cyclops make…
d – Ulysses offers the Cyclops a large quantity drink.
How does the author use this excerpt to show the theme of hospitality?by connecting the monster’s punishment to his bad treatment of his guests.
What kind of leader was Ulysses?sensible, generous, and insightful.

The Science of Slime

QuestionAnswer
This selection is mainly about how scientists are working toPrevent and treat infections caused by biofilms
Read this part of the selection what does the second excerpt doSummarizes the information in the first part.
Read this excerpt from the selection. The author begins this way toGet the reader’s attention by describing something they know about.
What two examples from the text show how biofilms can be harmful?• Sticking to the lungs and making it difficult for people to breathe
• Causing inner ear infections that come back again and again
According to this text, what is one place in the human body where biofilms help keep people healthyIntestines
Based on this interview with George O’Toole, which word best describes his attitude towards biofilm researchEnthusiastic
The author describes biofilm as a “colony of bacteria.” Which phrase from the text helps explain the meaning of “colony”1 as is used hereForming a group
Read this part of the text the room is kept at 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit because Dr. O’TooleWants to trick the bacteria into growing as if it was in a human body.
The author of this text interviewed microbiologist George O’Toole, PhD. What is the name for the “slimy colonies” he researches?Biofilms
Based on this text, when bacteria form a group they becomeSignificantly more difficult to treat than individual bacteria.

Sleep Mysteries Explained

QuestionAnswer
This text is mainly about sleep andWhat causes strange nighttime issues.
Read this excerpt. Which two factors can cause people to have trouble keeping their brain in sync?• Level of stress
• Lack of sleep
Which of the following sentences from the text best supports the opinion that sleep paralysis is nothing to worry about?Scientists know that supernatural creatures have nothing to do with sleep paralysis because they can create such episodes in the lab.
Which sentence from the selection proves that people today believe in sleep superstitions?It all sounds suspiciously like sleep paralysis, but 48 percent of Americans believe UFOS may have visited Earth.
Read this excerpt. What causes sleep paralysis?People wake up before their REM cycle finishes.
In this sentence, the word “repel” meansto fight.
Read this excerpt. Ancient people believed thatSupernatural beings attacked people in their sleep.
From ancient times, many cultures have examples of supernatural creatures that paralyze sleeping humans. Today, we know that sleep paralysis is caused byDisruption in people’s sleep cycles.
Which discovery motivated Eugene Aserinsky to conduct experiments on sleeping individuals?His son’s different eye movements while he slept
In the selection, what does REM stand for?Rapid eye movement
Read this excerpt. The author begins different parts of the text with a heading. The author’s purpose for doing this is toShow the reader when a new topic is being explained.

Diving for Survival

QuestionAnswer
This story is mainly about aHungry young eagle’s effort to satisfy his hunger.
Read this part from the text. The author compares Eagle to mature adult Eagles to showWhy he is not very skilled at diving for food.
This previous question asked about Eagle’s hunting skills. Based on your answer to that question, which of the following can you concludeEagle will get better at grabbing fish with practice.
Choose the one sentence that shows eagle has found some energyIt seemed to rouse Eagle.
Read this part of the text. Which two of the following show how Eagles claws are like tools• The claws clamp tightly onto slippery fish to prevent their escape.
• Spikes on his feet help him hold on his prey while in flight.
The author of this text describes Eagle sitting on an unsteady feathered raft in water up to his belly this raft isThe goose in the water.
The resolution of a story is when the main character resolves–or works out–the problem. Based on what you have read, the resolution of this story is whenEagle releases his grip on the goose.
Read these two parts of the text how does the setting change from beginning to the endStormy weather at the beginning passes and Eagle is warming himself in the Sun at the end.
Read this part of the text the authors note shows readers that theStory about Eagle is made up but it is based on an event that really happened.
The author writes that Eagles hunger drove his instincts based on what you have read this reveals thatKeeping the goose was a matter of survival.

Truth in Tasting

QuestionAnswer
What is the mainSmall ideas can influence.
Why did Martha…To get experience.
Place the followingMartha launches, Martha’s father, Martha raises, Martha goes to Africa
Which of the followingFinding time
Which resultHelping bring food
How did MarthaDisappointed
What is an educationalMore children
In the followingNevertheless
What evidence doesSome of her classmates
Read this excerptShe would not have enough readers

Recycle

QuestionAnswer
This selection is mainly aboutefforts to solve the world’s waste problem and what you can do to help.
The average American produces about1,650 pounds of trash a year.
Which of the following could be considered a good way to recycle waste?feeding worms food scraps to make compost
If someone in Switzerland put out a trash bag without a sticker on it, trash collections wouldpass by the trash bag and leave it by the curb.
What does this excerpt tell you about the behavior of some Swiss citizens?Despite a higher cycling rate, not all people sort their trash for recycling.
Why did the Swiss company come to Senegal?to share its recycling technologies in order to solve the country’s waste problems eager.
The author compares landfills tohuge home trash containers.
A person in Senegal would most likely recycle the peels from these fruits intoperfume
What evidence does the author give to prove that Diobass is a skilled furniture maker?He makes pieces that are regarded as among the bestin the country.

Mystery On The High Plateau

QuestionAnswer
This selection is mainly about an earth cookie andwhat could have caused it.
The slab of earth that Rick Timm found in the middle of the wheat fieldlooked like a large pear-shaped cutout.
What provided strong evidence that the hole and the earth slab were once connected?The root systems of the hole and the slab matched.
In this excerpt, the tone of Bianchi’s remark could be described ashumorous.
Why were the geologists interested in the earth cookie?They hoped to come up with an explanation for it.
What information put a hole in the “ice raft” theory as an explanation for the earth cookie?The temperature was not below freezing long enough.
Who was the source of the information that put a hole in the “ice raft” theory?the sixth-grade students
What clue was found by the Timms after coming upon the earth cookie?a hole with a smooth wall
When coming up with an explanation for the earth cookie, all the geologistscould not agree on the most likely cause.
What does this selection lead you to believe will be the outcome of the earth cookie mystery?It may be solved one day.

The Prince Of Thieves

QuestionAnswer
This selection is mainly about Robin Hood andhow an incident in the forest changed his life.
As this selection opens, Robin can be described ashopeful and carefree.
In this excerpt, the words the forester called out to Robin have a tone ofmockery.
Although Robin won the bet with the forester, why did he also come out a loser?He broke the law by killing the king’s deer.
What did Robin mean when he said, “In haste I struck, but I grieve at leisure!“He acted without thinking, and now he has plenty of time to regret what he did.”
What words provide evidence that Robin was truly sorry for killing the forester?I wish my right forefinger had been stricken off ere that this had happened!
How did being declared an outlaw affect Robin?He could no longer have a normal life in his hometown.
The Sheriff of Nottingham wanted to capture Robin primarily formoney.
What does this excerpt tell you about life in this period of history?Life was full of hardship and injustice.
How did the band of outlaws come to be praised by the common people?They pledged to live by a code of behavior.

Drum Beats

QuestionAnswer
What is the main idea of the selection?A boy reconnects…
How did Josh feel after viewing the Wild West movie, and why did he feel that wayHe was upset, because the movie was not…
Josh tells Granny Rose that his friends don’t understand what it is like to be Native American. What does Granny Rose suggest he do?Josh should be himself…
Granny Rose says she had to try harder at fancy shawl dancing because she was one of the shortest dancers This tells you that she is the kind of person whoDoes not let obstacles stand in her way
Simile question…“Yes, the drum is like the heartbeat of mother Earth,” Granny Rose responded.
Read these excerpts from the selection. Which two statements are correct based on the information in these excerpts?Josh’s attitude…
Granny Rose cares
Read this part from the text. What does Josh’s father mean when he says these words?Dancing helps the cherokee people feel more connected to their ancestors
Put the following events at the powwow in the order in which they occurred, first to lastThe drummers begin a slow drum beat
Josh leaps on stage
Josh jumps into short, mid-air poses
Josh sees Granny Rose and Eva in the audience.
Eva practices fancy dancing and goes to the powwow to watch Josh perform. Based on the information, which two of the following traits best describe eva?Supportive of her friend, open to new experiences
The selection is best described asRealistic fiction

Other Reading Plus Levels

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