Readworks Org Answer Key Grade 9

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Veterans Day Facts Readworks Answer Key

What is Veterans Day?a U.S. holiday that pays tribute to all American veterans
What does the article list?facts about Veterans Day and veterans
Read these sentences from the text:
“Veterans Day originated as ‘Armistice Day’ on Nov. 11, 1919, the first anniversary of the end of World War I. Congress passed a resolution in 1926 for an annual observance, and Nov. 11 became a national holiday beginning in 1938.”
Based on this evidence, what might you infer about the importance of Armistice Day to Americans?
Armistice Day became increasingly important to Americans after 1919.
Veterans Day has undergone several changes since it originated in 1919.
What evidence from the text supports this statement?
In 1968, Veterans Day was moved to the fourth Monday in October.
What is the main idea of this text?Veterans Day is a holiday honoring the brave men and women who served and protected the U.S. during war and peacetime.
Read these sentences from the text:
“Veterans Day is not to be confused with Memorial Day–a common misunderstanding, according to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Memorial Day (the fourth Monday in May) honors American service members who died in service to their country or as a result of injuries incurred during battle, while Veterans Day pays tribute to all American veterans–living or dead–but especially gives thanks to living veterans who served their country honorably during war or peacetime.”
What does “veterans” probably mean here?
former members of the armed services
Read this sentence from the text:
Memorial Day (the fourth Monday in May) honors American service members who died in service to their country or as a result of injuries incurred during battle, while Veterans Day pays tribute to all American veterans–living or dead–but especially gives thanks to living veterans who served their country honorably during war or peacetime.
What word could replace “especially” without changing the sentence’s meaning?
How many military veterans are there in the United States?There are approximately 23.2 million military veterans in the United States.
Read the paragraph that begins the “Veterans Stats” section of the article. This paragraph describes veterans as “the brave men and women who serve and protect the U.S.” According to the paragraph, who are these brave men and women? Include at least three pieces of information in your answer.Students should identify at least three of these groups:
These brave men and women are…- parents.- children.- grandparents.- friends.- neighbors.- coworkers.- an important part of their communities.
Imagine that you are describing Veterans Day to someone who has never heard of it. What information from the article would you share? In your answer, be sure to explain why you would choose this information to share.Answers may vary. Students will likely wish to share information about what Veterans Day is. These students may describe it as a day that “pays tribute to all American veterans.” They may add that it “especially gives thanks to living veterans.” Students may also wish to share information about the history of Veterans Day. They may want to explain its importance too. To do so, they might mention that there are about 23.2 million military veterans in the United States. They might point out that these veterans are parents, children, grandparents, friends, neighbors, coworkers, and an important part of their communities.

The Mayflower ReadWorks Answer Key

Who were the “Saints?”Protestant Separatists who crossed the Atlantic on the Mayflower
For the Saints, coming to America was a solution to a problem. What main problem did the Saints face in England and Holland?They could not practice their religion without government interference or social distraction.
“In fact, without the help of the Wampanoag, it is likely that none of the colonists would have survived.”

What evidence from the text best supports this statement?
“An English-speaking Pawtuxet named Samoset helped the colonists form an alliance with the local Wampanoags, who taught them how to hunt local animals, gather shellfish and grow corn, beans and squash.”
The Saints were strict and devoutly religious. How else could the Saints be described based on the information in the article?determined
What is the main idea of this article?The Saints came to New England to practice their religion freely, overcoming challenges both on their journey and in America.
Read these sentences from the text.

“In fact, the Separatists (they called themselves “Saints”) did find religious freedom in Holland, but they also found a secular life that was more difficult to navigate than they’d anticipated. For one thing, Dutch craft guilds excluded the migrants, so they were relegated to menial, low-paying jobs. Even worse was Holland’s easygoing, cosmopolitan atmosphere, which proved alarmingly seductive to some of the Saints’ children.”

Based on these sentences, what does the word “secular” most nearly mean?
Read these sentences from the text. Choose the answer that best completes the last sentence.
The colonists spent the first winter, which only 53 passengers and half the crew survived, living onboard the Mayflower. (The Mayflower sailed back to England in April 1621.) Once they moved ashore, the colonists faced even more challenges. _, during their first winter in America, more than half of the Plymouth colonists died from malnutrition, disease and exposure to the harsh New England weather.
For example
Why did the Protestant Separatists not want to pledge their loyalty to the Church of England?They did not want to pledge their loyalty to the Church of England because they believed it was corrupt and idolatrous.
Why did the Protestant Separatists, or “Saints,” decide to move to the New World?They decided to move to the new world in order to establish a place where they could practice their religion without government interference or worldly distraction, as they had encountered in England and Holland.
Read these sentences from the text.

“Still, the Mayflower Saints and their descendants remained convinced that they alone had been specially chosen by God to act as a beacon for Christians around the world. ‘As one small candle may light a thousand,’ Bradford wrote, ‘so the light here kindled hath shone to many, yea in some sort to our whole nation.’”

What might Separatist leader William Bradford have meant by this quote? Support your answer using evidence from the text.
Answers may vary, but should be based on the text. Students may indicate that the Separatists moved to the New World to practice their religion freely, and to escape the corruption of the Church of England, so Bradford may have meant that the Saints’ settlement was serving as an example for Christians back in Europe. They may also infer that Bradford meant the Saints’ community was a symbol of light and purity for the world, and that he was suggesting the possibility of future migrants joining the Saints in America in search of a purer, freer religion.

From Fabrics to Computers: A History of Cloth and Binary Code ReadWorks Answer Key

What kind of machine did Joseph-Marie Jacquard invent in 1804?a machine to automate the weaving of patterns in cloth
What effect did the Jacquard loom have on fabric weaving?It allowed fabric looms to be operated by less skilled workers and produced fabric faster, which made more types of fabric available to more people.
Read the following sentences from the text.

“The [Jacquard loom] used a series of “punch cards” that were encoded with the information for weaving a pattern. This eliminated the need for a separate person to manually lift threads and create the design. Each punch card had holes that corresponded to the threads that needed to be lifted in a row of weaving…

[Babbage] believed a punch card system could be used to make mathematical tables (needed for engineering, navigation, and science). He began working on a machine that would do this, calling it an Analytical Engine. His friend, Ada Lovelace went even further, observing that such an analytical engine could be used not only for mathematics, but for automating and manipulating any data. She proposed that combinations of the two numbers in a binary code could be used to represent other variables, such as letters, symbols, or even musical notes!”

What can you conclude about the connection between the Jacquard loom and Babbage and Lovelace’s ideas?
Instead of each hole in a punch card representing a row of thread, Babbage and Lovelace’s design used holes in punch cards to represent other data.
How is the punch card system for the Jacquard loom connected to the way that modern computers work?The binary code system in the Jacquard loom’s punch cards formed the language that modern computers use to communicate information to each other.
What is the main idea of this text?The creation of binary code started with the Jacquard automated weaving machine and progressed throughout the centuries to include automated data processing and, finally, a shared binary-based code that allows computers to exchange information.
Read the following sentences from the text.

“By using binary code to automate looms – allowing people to program machines to execute actions – the Jacquard machine represented a fundamental change in how humans interacted with machines.”

What does the word automate most closely mean as it’s used here?
make something into an automatic or machine-driven process
Choose the word that best completes the following sentence.

Charles Babbage was fascinated by the Jacquard loom, and _ created a binary code system for processing data with Ada Lovelace.
What are quilts?Quilts are textiles made by sewing together three layers of fabric.
How did Thomas Knauer include words in his quilt, Smart is Beautiful #2?He encoded words using ASCII language.
Why is a quilt like Thomas Knauer’s Smart is Beautiful #2 a good way to explore the history of binary coding?Students could write about how, because the quilt is made out of fabric, it’s connected to the Jacquard loom, which revolutionized fabric weaving through the creation of binary coding. Students could also write about the quilt’s incorporation of ASCII, which developed out of a long history of using binary coding to encode information.

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Dr. Evelyn Wordsworth
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Dr. Evelyn Wordsworth is a seasoned linguist and literacy educator with over 7 years of experience in the field. Holding a Ph.D. in Linguistics from the prestigious Harvard University, Evelyn has dedicated her career to exploring the intricacies of language acquisition and promoting literacy among diverse learner populations.

With a passion for bridging the literacy gap and a belief in the transformative power of education, Dr. Wordsworth continues to contribute to the field through her insightful research and engaging instructional materials.

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