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Naming Molecular Compounds Pogil Answers

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Molecular compounds are inorganic compounds that take the form of discrete molecules. Examples include such familiar substances as water (H2O)(H2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2)(CO2). These compounds are very different from ionic compounds like sodium chloride (NaCl)(NaCl). Ionic compounds are formed when metal atoms lose one or more of their electrons to nonmetal atoms. The resulting cations and anions are electrostatically attracted to each other.

So what holds the atoms of a molecule together? Rather than forming ions, the atoms of a molecule share their electrons in such a way that a bond forms between pairs of atoms. In a carbon dioxide molecule, there are two of these bonds, each occurring between the carbon atom and one of the two oxygen atoms.

Terms and Answers to learn

 

How are molecular compounds named?
How are molecular compounds named?
~They’re named the same way as you’d name ionic compounds. You need to add a prefix to the element names indicating the number of atoms in the formula.
What are the 4 first prefixes in naming molecular compounds?
What are the 4 first prefixes in naming molecular compounds?
~Mono-1
~Di-2
~Tri-3
~Tetra-4
mono
1
di
2
tri
3
tetra
4
penta
5
hexa
6
hepta
7
octa
8
nona
9
deca
10
suffix ending of molecular compounds
ide
vowels to drop in a molecular compound
o and a
vowel that cannot be dropped
i
binary molecular compound
two elements in a compound that are nonmetallic
ionic
metal and nonmetal
covalent
nonmetal and nonmetal
CH4
methane
H2O
water
NH3
ammonia
CO
carbon monoxide
Si3N4
trisilicon tetranitride
P4
phosphorous gas
Ga2S3
gallium sulfide
dinitrogen trisulfide
N2S3
nickel (III) carbonate
Ni2(CO3)3

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