A&P Chapter 5: Tissues Test Answers

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1. Which of the following is not one of the four basic types of body tissues?
a. epithelial tissue
b. connective tissue
c. brain tissue
d. muscle tissue
c
Epithelial tissue functions in
a. secretion .
b. absorption.
c. protection.
d. all of the above
d
The tissue through which gases are exchanged between the blood and the air in the lungs is
a. stratified squamous epithelium.
b. simple squamous epithelium.
c. simple cuboidal epithelium.
d. simple columnar epithelium.
b
The tissue that forms the inner lining of the respiratory passages is
a. pseudostratified.
b. ciliated.
c. mucus-secreting.
d. all of the above
d
Loose connective tissue contains
a. collagenous fibers.
b. elastic fibers.
c. gel-like ground substances.
d. all of the above
d
Tendons and ligaments are composed primarily of
a. adipose tissue.
b. fibrous connective tissue.
c. muscle tissue.
d. loose connective tissue.
b
Cartilage tissues are likely to be slow in healing following an injury because
a. cartilage cells cannot reproduce.
b. they lack direct blood supplies.
c. the intercellular material is sesamoid.
d. cartilage cells are surrounded by fluids.
b
Which of the following is not a characteristic of nervous tissue?
a. It is found in the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.
b. It contains the most highly specialized body cells.
c. Its intercellular space is filled with collagen.
d. Its functional cells are sensitive to changes in their surroundings
c
Bone cells are arranged in concentric circles around longitudinal tubes called
a. osteons.
b. osteonic canals.
c. lacunae.
d. canaliculi.
b
Which of the following are cellular fragments?
a. red blood cells
b. white blood cells
c. blood platelets
d. blood plasma
c
The muscle tissue that can be consciously controlled is
a. smooth.
b. skeletal.
c. intercalated.
d. none of the above
b
Cardiac muscle is found in the wall of the
a. stomach.
b. intestine.
c. urinary bladder.
d. none of the above
d
Smooth muscle is found in the wall of
a. the stomach.
b. the intestine.
c. the stomach and intestine.
d. neither the stomach nor the intestine.
d
The type of epithelium that lines the urinary bladder and many of the urinary passageways is
a. cuboidal.
b. transitional.
c. pseudostratified.
d. columnar.
b
The difference between merocrine, apocrine, and holocrine secretions is the
a. place where the glands that produce them are located in the body.
b. number of cells that produce the secretions.
c. amount of cytoplasm secreted along with the glandular product.
d. amount of glycoprotein secreted with the glandular product.
c
Connective tissue fibers are produced by
a. macrophages.
b. mast cells.
c. fibroblasts.
d. all of the above
c
What is the function of neuroglial cells in nervous tissue?
a. They support and bind nervous tissue together.
b. They help nerves grow after injury.
c. They provide nutrients to neurons.
d. They support and bind nervous tissue together, and they provide nutrients to neurons.
d
The type of muscle found in blood vessels is
a. cardiac.
b. smooth.
c. striated.
d. voluntary.
b
Collagen is a major component of
a. bone.
b. ligament.
c. tendon.
d. all of the above
d
A general characteristic of connective tissue is that it
a. consists of cells with much intercellular material between them.
b. has no blood supply to the tissue.
c. covers the outside of organs.
d. commonly is found lining body cavities.
a
Adipose tissue is a specialized form of
a. fibrous connective tissue.
b. elastic connective tissue.
c. loose connective tissue.
d. reticular connective tissue
c
A basement membrane anchors
epithelial to connective tissue
Adipose tissue is a form of
epithelium.
connective tissue.
bone.
nervous tissue.
muscle.
connective tissue
A ________ membrane is composed entirely of connective tissue.
cell
cutaneous
mucous
synovial
serous
synovial
Which of the following is not a characteristic of nervous tissue?
-Some of its cells send electrochemical messages.
-It is found in the brain and spinal cord.
-It has the most highly specialized body cells.
-Its intercellular space is filled with collagen.
-Its cells sense changes in their surroundings.
Its intercellular space is filled with collagen.
Tendons and ligaments are composed primarily of
dense regular connective tissue
The basis of using proteomics to describe tissues is that
-Different cell types produce different sets of mRNAs.
-Different cell types produce different sets of tRNAs.
-All cells produce the same amounts of the same proteins.
-The genetic code is universal.
-Different cell types appear different when viewed under a microscope.
Different cell types produce different sets of mRNAs.
“Cutaneous membrane” refers to
skin
A _______ membrane has tubes and cavities that open to the outside of the body.
epithelial
cell
synovial
mucous
serous
mucous
Which of the following is not one of the four basic types of body tissues?
Epithelial tissue
Nervous tissue
Connective tissue
Eye tissue
Muscle tissue
eye tissue
Involuntary muscles are
smooth and cardiac
The type of epithelium that lines the urinary bladder and many of the urinary passageways is
columnar.
cuboidal.
transitional.
rectangular.
pseudostratified.
transitional
The differences among merocrine, apocrine, and holocrine secretions are the
amount of cytoplasm secreted along with the glandular product.
Bone tissue contains abundant
collagen
Cells that reside in a specific connective tissue type for an extended period of time are called
stem cells.
wandering cells.
fixed cells.
transitional cells.
resident cells.
fixed cells
A serous membrane consists of a
– mucous membrane on top of an epithelial layer.
– layer of simple squamous epithelium and a thick layer of cartilage.
– layer of simple squamous epithelium and a thick layer of dense connective tissue.
– layer of pseudostratified epithelium and a thick layer of loose connective tissue.
– layer of simple squamous epithelium and a thin layer of loose connective tissue.
layer of simple squamous epithelium and a thin layer of loose connective tissue.
Neurons can send messages to
only other neurons and neuroglia.
other neurons, glands, and muscles.
only other neurons.
other neurons and skeletal muscle only.
only neurons in sense organs.
other neurons, glands, and muscles.
There are __ types of muscle cells.
3
Elastic connective tissue forms
branching networks or parallel strands.
cartilage.
complex three dimensional networks.
ligaments and tendons.
elbows and knees.
branching networks or parallel strands.
The antihistamine Benadryl has a sedative effect, but the antihistamine Zyrtec does not, because
Benadryl crosses the blood-brain barrier but Zyrtec does not.
Mutations usually disrupt collagen’s function because
-there are many types of collagen and this protein is widespread in the body.
-collagen has a very precise structure.
-collagen is used as a cosmetic.
-collagen is very rare in the body.
-collagen has a very variable structure.
collagen has a very precise structure.
The tissue through which gases are exchanged between the blood and the air in the lungs is
simple squamous epithelium
Which of the following characteristics is used to distinguish tissue types?
How long the cells live
Number of mitochondria
Location of cells in the body
Number of inclusions
Organization of cells
Organization of cells
Histology is the study of
tissues
What is the function of neuroglia?
They support and bind nervous tissue and provide nutrients and growth factors to neurons by connecting them to blood vessels.
Intercellular junctions connect
cell membranes
Which type of tissue lines the follicles of the thyroid glands?
Connective tissue.
Glandular epithelium
Simple cuboidal epithelium
Simple squamous epithelium
Stratified cuboidal epithelium
Simple cuboidal epithelium
Embryonic stem cells growing in a lab dish are bathed in a “cocktail” of chemicals that cause them to specialize into branching networks of single-nucleated cells that pulsate in unison. This tissue is most likely
cardiac muscle.
Smooth muscle is found in the wall of
the intestine.
none of the above.
the stomach and intestine.
the stomach.
kidney and liver.
the stomach and intestine.
Muscle cells with more than one nucleus are
cardiac and smooth.
Cardiac muscle is found in the wall of the
urinary bladder.
eyeball.
intestine.
stomach.
none of the above
none of the above
The type of intercellular junction that consists of fused membranes is a
tight junction.
Which of the following is not true about the extracellular matrix?
-It is the same in all tissues.
-In many body parts it includes various glycoproteins.
-In epithelium it consists of a basement membrane and interstitial matrix.
-It is disrupted in various diseases.
-It may include integrins.
It is the same in all tissues.
Extracellular matrix consists of
ground substance and protein fibers
The type of intercellular junction that functions as a rivet or “spot weld” is a(n)
desmosome
Epithelial tissue functions in
nourishing and hydrating tissues.
none of the above.
secretion, absorption, and protection.
contraction, movement, and reflexes.
reacting to stimuli, thinking, and remembering.
secretion, absorption, and protection.
Epithelial membranes are typically composed of
connective tissue and underlying epithelium.
epithelium and underlying connective tissue.
stratified and unstratified epithelium.
serous and mucous membranes.
epithelium and underlying connective tissue.
An engineered tissue might include
progenitor cells.
all of the above.
stem cells.
extracellular matrix components
a scaffold built of synthetic materials.
all of the above
Bone cells form concentric circles around longitudinal tubes called
central canals
Which of the following are cellular fragments?
White blood cells
Red blood cells
Blood platelets.
Lymphocytes.
Blood plasma
Blood platelets.
_______ produce connective tissue fibers.
Fibroblasts
Osteoblasts
Macrophages
Mast cells
Cartilage cells
Fibroblasts
Muscle tissue that can be consciously controlled is
skeletal
A general characteristic of connective tissue is that it
-consists of cells with much intercellular material.
-has no blood supply.
-has many adipocytes.
-connects muscles to bones.
-covers the outside of organs.
consists of cells with much intercellular material.

Cartilage heals slowly because

chondrocytes cannot divide.
cartilage cells are immersed in fluids.
it isn’t used often.
the intercellular material is sesamoid.
chondrocytes do not have direct blood supplies.

chondrocytes do not have direct blood supplies.
The blood-brain barrier consists of
-a sheet of muscle tissue that separates the brain from the skull.
-aligned blood cells.
-capillaries joined by desmosomes that are closer together than they are elsewhere.
-nanoparticles.
-capillaries whose cells are firmly attached by overlapping tight junctions surrounded by astrocytes.
capillaries whose cells are firmly attached by overlapping tight junctions surrounded by astrocytes.
A _______ gland branches repeatedly before reaching the glandular cells or secretory part.
alveolar
ovoid
compound
simple
tubular
compound
The type of intercellular junction that forms tubular channels is a
gap junction.
A ______ gland does not branch before reaching the glandular cells or secretory part.
ovoid
compound
alveolar
tubular
simple
simple
About 90% of all cancers originate from
epithelium
A carcinoma is a cancer originating from
-epithelium.
-connective tissue.
-the large intestine.
-nerve tissue.
-muscle tissue.
epithelium
The tissue that forms the inner lining of the respiratory passages is
-stratified, sputum-secreting, and non-ciliated.
-all of the above.
-mucus-secreting, ciliated, and pseudostratified.
-full of strands of elastin and collagen.
-carries oxygen in and removes carbon dioxide.
mucus-secreting, ciliated, and pseudostratified.

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