OSHA 10 Test Answers 2022

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The mission of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is:
To send every worker home whole and healthy every day
 
Electricity travels in closed circuits, and its normal route is through a conductor. Electric shock occurs when:
Your body becomes part of the circuit
 
Workers need to take which of the following common-sense steps to protect themselves from falls through skylights and roof and floor openings?
— Never sit on, lean against, or step on a skylight lens or any covering placed over a hole in a roof or floor
— Guard or securely cover all holes created or uncovered before leaving a work area
— Always use a PFAS when working over an unguarded or uncovered opening more than six feet above a lower level
 
The two steps for avoiding hazards that are always taken before the need for PPE is considered are:
Workplace and engineering controls
 
The three main scaffold types are aerial lifts, supported scaffolds and:
suspended scaffolds
 
Because using cranes or derricks to hoist personnel poses a serious risk to the employees being lifted, any cranes and derricks that hoist personnel must:
— Be placed on a firm foundation and be uniformly level within 1 percent of level grade
— Move the personnel platform slowly and cautiously and have rotation-resistant rope with a safety factor of 10
— Have all brakes and locking devices set when the occupied personnel platform is in stationary position
 
If the use of a power tool can result in flying sparks, metal shavings, wood chips, splashes, or other debris, workers should:
Protect themselves by wearing proper PPE
 
OSHA defines an excavation as:
Any man-made cavity, depression, trench or cut in the earth’s surface formed by earth removal
 
A training program to teach proper lifting techniques should cover:
— Knowledge of the basic anatomy of the spine, muscles, and joints of the trunk
— The use of safe lifting postures and timing
 
Mechanical demolition refers to demolition using equipment like:
wrecking balls and jackhammers
 
OSHA’s electrical standards are based on:
the NEC
 
What are the four main types of electrical injuries?
Electrocution, electric shock, burns, indirect (e.g., a fall from a ladder)
 
A shock’s severity depends on:
— Length of exposure to electricity
— The amount of current and its frequency
— The current’s path
 
Electrical burns are the most serious of the three major types of burns, and most often occur:
On the hands, from direct contact with current
 
Hot wires, ungrounded wires that can cause a shock if you touch them, are usually:
black or red
 
More than 50 percent of electrocutions are caused by a worker coming in direct contact with:
energized power lines
 
The OSHA standard requires flexible cords to be rated for:
Hard or extra hard usage
 
What is the most frequent violation of OSHA electrical standards?
improper grounding of circuitry and equipment
 
The three elements of a basic program for electrical safety are:
recognize, evaluate and control
 
All portable electric tools that are damaged shall be:
Removed and tagged “Do Not Use”
 
If you have a three-prong plug and a two-hole receptacle, it is acceptable to:
Use an adapter with an adapter wire connected to known ground
 
All hazards involved in the use of power tools can be prevented by following five basic safety rules: Keep all tools in good condition with regular maintenance; examine each tool for damage before use; operate according to the manufacturer’s instructions; provide and use the proper protective equipment; and:
use the right tool for the job
 
Live parts of electric equipment operating at 50 volts or more must be:
guarded against electrical contact
 
While any employee is exposed to contact with parts of electric equipment or circuits that have been de-energized, the circuits energizing the parts shall be:
Locked out or tagged out or both
 
Low voltage does not mean low hazard.
true
 
The two best means of avoiding electrical shock or injury when working with power tools are:
Insulation and grounding
 
The majority of today’s power line accidents occur because:
Of failure to maintain proper work distances
 
A ground-fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protects workers from shock by:
Matching the amount of current going into an electrical device against the amount returning from the device and shutting down power if a ground fault is detected
 
AEGCP’s are implemented on construction sites to oversee:
— All cord sets
— Cord sets and equipment connected by plug and cord
— Receptacles that are not part of a building or structure
 
The OSHA standard mandates that any time a worker is at a height of six feet or more, the worker is at risk and needs to be protected. Most fatalities, however, happen when workers fall from:
Roofs
 
Employers must ensure that all walking and working surfaces have the structural integrity to:
Support workers safely
 
Controlled access zones serve a dual purpose – they allow specially trained individuals (such as masons) to operate without traditional fall protection within a certain area, and:
They keep unauthorized individuals out
 
A system used to arrest a worker in a fall from a working level that consists of an anchorage, connectors, a body belt or body harness, and may include a lanyard, deceleration device, lifeline, or suitable combinations of these is called a:
Personal Fall Arrest System (PFAS)
 
When no other alternative fall protection has been implemented, the employer shall implement a safety monitoring system. Employers must:
Ensure that the safety monitor is a competent person knowledgeable about fall protection
 
At holes, guardrail systems must be set up:
On all unprotected sides and edges
 
The top edge of a guardrail must be from 39 to 45 inches above the walking/working level, and there must also be a means of protection from:
Falling objects between top rail and walking surface
 
Employers must provide a training program that teaches employees who might be exposed to fall hazards:
How to recognize such hazards and how to minimize them
 
Safety nets must be strong enough to support workers who fall, and must:
Have small enough mesh openings that employee doesn’t fall through net itself
 
Approximately 75 percent of struck-by fatalities involve:
Heavy equipment such as cranes or trucks
 
It is preferable not to drive a vehicle in reverse if you have an obstructed rear view, but if you do, make sure:
Vehicle has an audible reverse alarm
 
Workers are most at risk from falling objects when standing or working:
— under scaffolds
— under cranes
— wherever overhead work is being performed
 
To prevent injury from flying debris, use safety glasses, goggles, face shields, etc., where machines or tools may cause flying particles; and always inspect tools, such as saws and lathes, to ensure that:
The protective guards are in good condition and firmly attached
 
Forklift operators should ground the forks of the forklift, turn the forklift off, set the parking brake, and _____________prior to dismounting the machine.
neutralize controls
 
If a machine has an exposed pulley and conveyor but the portion of it that is exposed is well underneath the machine, the employer:
Must ensure all exposed and accessible sections of the machine are guarded
 
One who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings, or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees, and who has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them is a/n ______________:
competent person
 
Providing worker training on the safe use of the equipment being operated is the responsibility of the:
employer
 
To protect against caught-in or -between hazards, a worker should not only avoid wearing loose clothing or jewelry, but also a worker should avoid:
Performing maintenance or adjustment on equipment/machinery that hasn’t been locked-out
 
There are a number of requirements that employers must do to protect their workers from caught-in or between hazards. Which of these is required if the worker’s body, hands or clothing may come into contact with moving parts?
Provide guards on power tools and other equipment with moving parts
 
The critical first step in developing a comprehensive safety and health program is to identify physical and health hazards at a work site. This process is known as:
A hazard assessment
 
OSHA requires that many categories of PPE meet or be equivalent to standards developed by:
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
 
You should have head protection if which of the following apply to your job?
— Objects might fall from above
— There are low-hanging pipes or beams
— There are exposed electrical hazards
 
In general, head protection should do which of the following?
— Resist penetration by objects and absorb the shock of a blow
— Be water-resistant and slow burning
— Have clear instructions explaining proper adjustment and replacement of the suspension and headband
 
There might be one pair of protective eyewear for your task or station, rather than individual eyewear for each employee. If this is the approach at your job site, then:
You must clean and disinfect the eyewear between each use
 
A noise level of 95 dB is ______ than the lowest level at which hearing protection is required (85 dB), and your exposure should be limited to six hours or less.
Ten times louder than
 
Safety footwear has to meet minimum compression and impact performance standards, set by:
ASTM F-2412-2005
 
Gloves that are chemically resistant are usually made from:
rubber or plastic
 
True or False: Full-body protection is sometimes made from materials such as duck, paper-like fiber, or rubberized fabrics, depending upon the hazard.
True
 
Before the start of each work shift, it is mandatory that:
A competent person inspects the scaffold before the start of each work shift
 
The first step in building a scaffold is to:
Conduct a site inspection
 
A scaffold must be erected “plumb, square, and level,” because:
If a scaffold is built even a few degrees off plumb, the resulting instability could cause the weight of the scaffold to shift, potentially causing the overloading of one leg and the eventual collapse of the scaffold
 
OSHA 1926.454(c) states: When an employer has reason to believe that an employee lacks the skill or understanding needed for safe work involving the erection, use or dismantling of scaffolds, the employer shall:
Retrain each such employee so that the requisite proficiency is regained
 
When dismantling a scaffold, all work should be conducted:
From the top down
 
Tube and coupler scaffolds over 125 feet high must be designed by:
registered professional engineer
 
What type of scaffold – other than the tube and coupler scaffold – is ideal for use around complex structures?
a system scaffold
 
This scaffold is simply a rope attached to a harness with an assembly like a boatswain’s chair for the worker to sit in.
Suspension scaffold
 
If a worker on a scaffold can fall more than 10 feet, they must be protected by guardrails and/or personal fall arrest systems (PFAS). The type of fall protection required will depend upon:
The type of scaffold
 
The four main causes of crane accidents are contact with power lines, overturns, falls and mechanical failure. Two other errors mentioned in this module that often lead to trouble are:
Improper maintenance and failure to conduct regular inspections
 
No modifications or additions that affect the capacity or safe operation of a crane or derrick should ever be made without:
The manufacturer’s written approval, which should be kept on file
 
Truck-mounted and rough terrain cranes are both forms of a mobile crane, and both use which of the following to increase their stability?
outriggers
 
Rated load capacities, recommended operating speeds, and special hazard warnings or instructions must be:
Conspicuously posted on the crane, where the crane operator can see them while he is at his control station
 
The four lifting principles that govern a crane’s mobility and safety during lifting operations are:
Center of gravity, leverage, stability and structural integrity
 
Employees working in the vicinity of a crane must take care to avoid what kind of accident?
“Struck by”
 
Personnel hoisting platforms must be designed by:
A qualified engineer, or another competent specialist qualified in structural design
 
True or False: Only personnel instructed in the requirements of the standard and the task to be performed – along with their tools, equipment and materials needed for the job – are allowed on the platform.
True
 
If the hoist tower is not enclosed, the hoist platform or car must be totally enclosed on all sides for the full height between the floor and:
The overhead protective covering
 
The greatest hazards posed by hand tools result from:
misuse and improper maintenance
 
Power tools should never be carried by the cord or hose or be yanked from a receptacle by the cord or hose; and cords and hoses should be kept away from:
Heat, oil, sharp edges
 
Sharp, abrasive, pinching, or otherwise hazardous moving parts of power tools:
Must have protective guard to prevent contact with workers
 
Before an abrasive wheel is mounted, it should be inspected closely and:
Sound- or ring-tested to ensure that it is free from cracks or defects
 
Neither the operator nor anyone else should ever stand directly in front of the wheel of an abrasive power tool as it accelerates to full operating speed. Why?
Because there is always the chance that the wheel wasn’t sound and could disintegrate or explode
 
Pneumatic tools are powered by:
Compressed air
 
Powder-actuated tools are extremely dangerous, with a “firing” mechanism similar to that of:
A loaded gun
 
If a powder-actuated tool misfires, the employee should:
Wait at least 30 seconds, then try firing again
 
All jacks – lever and ratchet jacks, screw jacks, and hydraulic jacks – must have a device that stops them from:
Jacking up too high (a stop indicator)
 
OSHA defines a trench as:
A narrow excavation made below the surface of the ground in which the depth is greater than the width – with the width not to exceed 15 feet
 
True or False: There is usually some form of warning before a cave-in.
False
 
OSHA requires that all excavations in which employees could potentially be exposed to cave-ins be protected by one or more of the following three methods:
Sloping, benching, shoring, shielding
 
The formula for all simple slope excavations 20 feet (6.11 meters) or less deep states that for every foot of depth, the trench must be excavated back:
1 and 1/2 feet
 
Trench boxes or shields must be designed or approved by:
a registered professional engineer
 
Shoring or shielding is most often used when:
The location or the depth of the excavation makes sloping back to the maximum allowable slope impractical
 
As mentioned in this module, in addition to cave-ins and related hazards, workers involved in excavation work also are exposed to hazards involving:
Falls, falling loads and mobile equipment
 
Employees are prohibited from working above other employees on the face of a sloped or benched excavation unless:
Workers on lower level have overhead protection from falling objects
 
To prevent surface water from entering an excavation and to provide adequate drainage of the adjacent area, OSHA standards require the use of:
Water removal equipment, diversion ditches, dikes, or other suitable methods
 
In the case of materials handling, storage, use and disposal, remember that the main hazards are injuries from:
— Improper lifting and carrying
— Being struck by materials or caught in pinch points
— Being crushed by improperly stored materials
 
Because the number of injuries from operating powered industrial trucks was on the rise, the OSHA standard for Powered Industrial Trucks was revised March 1, 1999. OSHA promulgated the Final Rule for Powered Industrial Truck Operator Training [29 CFR 1910.178(1)], which:
— Requires operator training and licensing as well as periodic evaluations of operator performance
— Requires operators to take and pass a written and road test (similar to a driver’s education) before they can operate the forklift.
 
Operators must complete three separate aspects of powered industrial truck training: formal training, practice training, and:
Evaluation
 
To adhere to fire safety precautions, flammable and combustible materials must be stored according to:
Their fire characteristics
 
General safety principles that can help reduce workplace accidents include:
— Work practices
— Ergonomic principles
— Training and education
 
Material handling tasks should be designed to minimize _________ of the given activity.
— the weight
— the range of motion
— the frequency
 
Only employees need to demonstrate and practice safe manual lifting techniques.
false
 
Manual materials is the most common category of compensable injuries in the United States work force, with four out of five of those injuries involving:
the lower back
 
When manually moving materials, employees should always try to lift it alone if a load is so bulky it cannot be properly grasped or lifted, when they cannot see around or over it, or when a load cannot be safely handled.
false
 
Prior to starting all demolition operations, OSHA 1926.850 (a) requires that:
an engineering survey be conducted
 
One of the most important elements of the pre-job planning is:
the location of all utility services
 
Proper equipment for prompt transportation of an injured worker, as well as a communication system to contact any necessary ambulance service, must be available:
on the work site
 
Mechanical demolition refers to demolition using equipment like:
wrecking balls, jackhammers
 
Prestressed concrete is:
A structural material with tensioned steel strands embedded inside, which compress the concrete and give it extra strength
 
Simple pretensioned beams and slabs of spans up to about 7 meters (23 feet):
Can be demolished in a manner similar to ordinary reinforced concrete
 
True or False: Electrical detonators can be inadvertently triggered by stray RF (radio frequency) signals from two-way radios
true
 
A blaster is:
A competent person who uses explosives
 
All vehicles used for the transportation of explosives shall have tight floors, and any exposed spark-producing metal on the inside of the body shall be:
Covered with wood or other non-sparking material
 
All explosives must be accounted for at all times, and all not being used must be kept in a:
locked magazine
 
OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard (HazCom) is designed to ensure that information about __________and associated protective measures is disseminated.
Hazardous chemicals
 
Chemical manufacturers and importers must convey the hazard information they learn from their evaluations to downstream employers by means of labels on containers and:
Safety Data Sheet
 
Under the new HAZCOM/GHS requirements for Safety Data Sheets (SDS’s) they must now have 16 total Sections.
true
 
Employers must provide employees with effective information and training on hazardous chemicals in their work area:
— At the time of their initial assignment
— Whenever a new hazardous chemical is introduced into their work area
 
The noise exposure measurement your employer makes must include all continuous, intermittent and ______ noise within a range of 80 dB to 130 dB.
Impulsive
 
To determine whether employees need hearing protection, employers have to consider:
— The loudness of the noise, as measured in decibels
— The duration of exposure to the noise
— How many sources generate loud noises
 
Audiometric testing monitors an employee’s hearing:
over time
 
Acute silicosis occurs after a few months or as long as 2 years following exposures to ________ concentrations of respirable crystalline silica.
extremely high
 
Symptoms of silicosis ____________ , so workers should have a chest x-ray to see if there is lung damage.
may or may not be obvious
 
Which of the following is an element of a hearing conservation program?
— Engineering and Administrative Controls
— Noise monitoring
— Hearing protection to be used
 
Using cranes to hoist material can have serious consequences if the process is not performed properly. Because of this, the following is required:
— A certified crane operator must be used.
— Rigging must be inspected prior to use, be in good shape and have the tag attached.
— A Qualified Rigger is responsible for connecting the crane to the material to be hoisted.
 
True or False: Once a fall protection device has been inspected by a competent person and deemed safe for use by an employee, it is up to the employee to inspect it regularly and ensure that it still meets OSHA requirements.
False
 
True or False: Before the advent of OSHA, a cohesive system of separate rules existed that effectively governed the American workplace. These rules were combined under the umbrella of OSHA.
False
 
Which industries are employees potentially exposed to silica dust:
— Stone and glass industries
— Construction
— Mining industries
 
Anytime an adapter is used to accommodate a two-hole receptacle, the adapter wire must:
be attached to known ground
 
If a worker on a scaffold can fall more than 10 feet:
They must be protected by guardrails and/or personal fall arrest systems (PFAS)
 
In noisy jobsites, these are often used to provide instructions to crane and derrick operators:
Hand signals
 
Since its implementation in 1971, OSHA has:
— Helped cut work-related fatalities nearly in half and cut excavation and trenching fatalities by more than a third
–Helped reduce workplace injuries and illnesses by 40 percent (Your Answer)
— Almost eliminated brown-lung disease from the textile industry
 
Prior to starting all demolition operations, OSHA 1926.850 (a) requires that an engineering survey of the structure be conducted by a competent person. The purpose of this survey is:
determine the condition of the structure so that measures can be taken, if necessary, to prevent the premature collapse of any portion of the structure
 
Two of the main differences between the hydraulic rough terrain crane and the crawler lattice boom friction crane are:
boom hoist, load line controls
 
True or False: Employers must provide a training program that teaches employees who might be exposed to fall hazards how to recognize such hazards and how to minimize them, and must also prepare a written certification that identifies the employee trained and the date of the training.
true
 
The most effective way to prevent exposure to crystalline silica is:
Substitution of a product that contains silica with a product that doesn’t contain silica
 

D. All answer choices are correct (correct answer)

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Which of the following is a resource within the workplace that will help you find information on safety and health issues?

A. Union representatives
B. Co-workers
C. Labels and warning signs
D. All answer choices are correct

 

A. Hazardous chemicals (correct answer)

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A Safety Data Sheet (SDS) gives information about:

A. Hazardous chemicals
B. Injuries in the workplace
C. Machinery maintenance
D. Medical examinations

 

B. Inform your supervisor or manager (correct answer)

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When you notice a safety hazard, what should your first step be?

A. File a report with OSHA
B. Inform your supervisor or manager
C. Call the police department
D. Quit your job

 

A. Use these programs to discourage employees from exercising their right to report injuries and illnesses (correct answer)

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Though employers are allowed to use appropriate disciplinary, incentive, or drug-testing programs, what are they not allowed to do?

A. Use these programs to discourage employees from exercising their right to report injuries and illnesses
B. Use these programs in an effort to improve workplace safety
C. Reward employees for adhering to policies
D. Discipline employees for adhering to safety protocols

 

B. General Duty Clause (correct answer)

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Where no specific standards apply to a workplace situation, employers must follow the ____________.

A. 1910 Clause
B. General Duty Clause
C. OSHA Law
D. Regulation 1926

 

B. 30 (correct answer)

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If you have been punished or discriminated against for using your rights, you must file a complaint with OSHA within how many days of the alleged reprisal for most complaints?

A. 20
B. 30
C. 60
D. 90

 

B. No (correct answer)

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An employer informs its employees that it will hold a substantial cash prize drawing for each work group at the end of each month in which all members of the work group comply with applicable safety rules, such as wearing required fall protection. Doug sustains a lost-time injury when he falls from a platform while not wearing required fall protection. Doug’s employer cancelled the cash prize drawing for Doug’s work group that month because Doug failed to wear required fall protection. The employer actively monitors its workforce for compliance with applicable work rules and cancels the cash prize drawings when it discovers work rule violations regardless of whether the employee who violated the work rule also reported an injury. Did the employer use an incentive program to retaliate against Doug?

A. Yes
B. No

 

A. Yes (correct answer)

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Though Simon followed all safety protocols, he was injured at work because a machine was not properly guarded. Even though there is no reasonable belief that drug use contributed to the employee’s injury, his employer required him to take a drug test after he reported the injury. Did the employer misuse a drug testing program against Simon for reporting an injury?

A. Yes
B. No

 

A. Yes (correct answer)

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Perla twists her ankle at work but because her ankle is not sore or swollen does not immediately realize that she is injured. Therefore, she does not immediately report the injury to her employer. The next morning, Perla’s ankle is sore and swollen, and she realizes she has the kind of injury she is required to report to her employer so she reports the injury that day. Perla is disciplined for failing to report her injury “immediately” as required by the employer’s injury reporting rules. Did the employer misuse a disciplinary program against Perla for reporting an injury?

A. Yes
B. No

 

B. Contact the employer by phone, fax, or email (correct answer)

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A worker has submitted a complaint online that is non-serious in nature. How will OSHA most likely respond?

A. Conduct a worksite inspection
B. Contact the employer by phone, fax, or email

 

A. Section 11 (c) of the OSH Act (correct answer)

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The right of workers to seek safety and health on the job without fear of punishment is spelled out in:

A. Section 11 (c) of the OSH Act
B. State laws
C. The General Duty Clause
D. The OSHA standards

 

A. Conduct a worksite inspection (correct answer)

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A worker has filed a complaint regarding a serious hazard that could result in a fatality or serious injury. How will OSHA most likely respond?

A. Conduct a worksite inspection
B. Contact the employer by phone, fax, or email

 

A. Have a worker representative accompany an inspector on an inspection, find out about inspection results and abatement measures, and object to the date set for a violation to be corrected (correct answer)

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When an inspection is conducted in your workplace, you have certain rights. What are these rights?

A. Have a worker representative accompany an inspector on an inspection, find out about inspection results and abatement measures, and object to the date set for a violation to be corrected
B. Have a worker representative conduct the inspection, find out about inspection results and abatement measures, and object to the date set for a violation to be corrected
C. Have a worker representative accompany an inspector on an inspection, find out about inspection results and abatement measures, and object to the inspection

 

B. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) (correct answer)

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What organization is OSHA’s sister agency that focuses on research and training and also conducts Health Hazard Evaluations (HHEs)?

A. National Council for Occupational Safety and Health (COSH)
B. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
C. Occupational Safety and Health (OSH)
D. OSHA Training Institute Education Center (OTIEC)

 

C. An opening conference, a walkthrough, a closing conference (correct answer)

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There are three parts to an OSHA inspection. What are they?

A. An opening conference, a fine, a closing conference
B. An opening conference, a paperwork review, a closing conference
C. An opening conference, a walkthrough, a closing conference
D. An opening conference, an interview, a closing conference

 
The mission of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is:
To send every worker home whole and healthy every day
 
Electricity travels in closed circuits, and its normal route is through a conductor. Electric shock occurs when:
Your body becomes part of the circuit
 
Workers need to take which of the following common-sense steps to protect themselves from falls through skylights and roof and floor openings?
— Never sit on, lean against, or step on a skylight lens or any covering placed over a hole in a roof or floor
— Guard or securely cover all holes created or uncovered before leaving a work area
— Always use a PFAS when working over an unguarded or uncovered opening more than six feet above a lower level
 
The two steps for avoiding hazards that are always taken before the need for PPE is considered are:
Workplace and engineering controls
 
The three main scaffold types are aerial lifts, supported scaffolds and:
suspended scaffolds
 
Because using cranes or derricks to hoist personnel poses a serious risk to the employees being lifted, any cranes and derricks that hoist personnel must:
— Be placed on a firm foundation and be uniformly level within 1 percent of level grade
— Move the personnel platform slowly and cautiously and have rotation-resistant rope with a safety factor of 10
— Have all brakes and locking devices set when the occupied personnel platform is in stationary position
 
If the use of a power tool can result in flying sparks, metal shavings, wood chips, splashes, or other debris, workers should:
Protect themselves by wearing proper PPE
 
OSHA defines an excavation as:
Any man-made cavity, depression, trench or cut in the earth’s surface formed by earth removal
 
A training program to teach proper lifting techniques should cover:
— Knowledge of the basic anatomy of the spine, muscles, and joints of the trunk
— The use of safe lifting postures and timing
 
Mechanical demolition refers to demolition using equipment like:
wrecking balls and jackhammers
 
OSHA’s electrical standards are based on:
the NEC
 
What are the four main types of electrical injuries?
Electrocution, electric shock, burns, indirect (e.g., a fall from a ladder)
 
A shock’s severity depends on:
— Length of exposure to electricity
— The amount of current and its frequency
— The current’s path
 
Electrical burns are the most serious of the three major types of burns, and most often occur:
On the hands, from direct contact with current
 
Hot wires, ungrounded wires that can cause a shock if you touch them, are usually:
black or red
 
More than 50 percent of electrocutions are caused by a worker coming in direct contact with:
energized power lines
 
The OSHA standard requires flexible cords to be rated for:
Hard or extra hard usage
 
What is the most frequent violation of OSHA electrical standards?
improper grounding of circuitry and equipment
 
The three elements of a basic program for electrical safety are:
recognize, evaluate and control
 
All portable electric tools that are damaged shall be:
Removed and tagged “Do Not Use”
 
If you have a three-prong plug and a two-hole receptacle, it is acceptable to:
Use an adapter with an adapter wire connected to known ground
 
All hazards involved in the use of power tools can be prevented by following five basic safety rules: Keep all tools in good condition with regular maintenance; examine each tool for damage before use; operate according to the manufacturer’s instructions; provide and use the proper protective equipment; and:
use the right tool for the job
 
Live parts of electric equipment operating at 50 volts or more must be:
guarded against electrical contact
 
While any employee is exposed to contact with parts of electric equipment or circuits that have been de-energized, the circuits energizing the parts shall be:
Locked out or tagged out or both
 
Low voltage does not mean low hazard.
true
 
The two best means of avoiding electrical shock or injury when working with power tools are:
Insulation and grounding
 
The majority of today’s power line accidents occur because:
Of failure to maintain proper work distances
 
A ground-fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protects workers from shock by:
Matching the amount of current going into an electrical device against the amount returning from the device and shutting down power if a ground fault is detected
 
AEGCP’s are implemented on construction sites to oversee:
— All cord sets
— Cord sets and equipment connected by plug and cord
— Receptacles that are not part of a building or structure
 
The OSHA standard mandates that any time a worker is at a height of six feet or more, the worker is at risk and needs to be protected. Most fatalities, however, happen when workers fall from:
Roofs
 
Employers must ensure that all walking and working surfaces have the structural integrity to:
Support workers safely
 
Controlled access zones serve a dual purpose – they allow specially trained individuals (such as masons) to operate without traditional fall protection within a certain area, and:
They keep unauthorized individuals out
 
A system used to arrest a worker in a fall from a working level that consists of an anchorage, connectors, a body belt or body harness, and may include a lanyard, deceleration device, lifeline, or suitable combinations of these is called a:
Personal Fall Arrest System (PFAS)
 
When no other alternative fall protection has been implemented, the employer shall implement a safety monitoring system. Employers must:
Ensure that the safety monitor is a competent person knowledgeable about fall protection
 
At holes, guardrail systems must be set up:
On all unprotected sides and edges
 
The top edge of a guardrail must be from 39 to 45 inches above the walking/working level, and there must also be a means of protection from:
Falling objects between top rail and walking surface
 
Employers must provide a training program that teaches employees who might be exposed to fall hazards:
How to recognize such hazards and how to minimize them
 
Safety nets must be strong enough to support workers who fall, and must:
Have small enough mesh openings that employee doesn’t fall through net itself
 
Approximately 75 percent of struck-by fatalities involve:
Heavy equipment such as cranes or trucks
 
It is preferable not to drive a vehicle in reverse if you have an obstructed rear view, but if you do, make sure:
Vehicle has an audible reverse alarm
 
Workers are most at risk from falling objects when standing or working:
— under scaffolds
— under cranes
— wherever overhead work is being performed
 
To prevent injury from flying debris, use safety glasses, goggles, face shields, etc., where machines or tools may cause flying particles; and always inspect tools, such as saws and lathes, to ensure that:
The protective guards are in good condition and firmly attached
 
Forklift operators should ground the forks of the forklift, turn the forklift off, set the parking brake, and _____________prior to dismounting the machine.
neutralize controls
 
If a machine has an exposed pulley and conveyor but the portion of it that is exposed is well underneath the machine, the employer:
Must ensure all exposed and accessible sections of the machine are guarded
 
One who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings, or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees, and who has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them is a/n ______________:
competent person
 
Providing worker training on the safe use of the equipment being operated is the responsibility of the:
employer
 
To protect against caught-in or -between hazards, a worker should not only avoid wearing loose clothing or jewelry, but also a worker should avoid:
Performing maintenance or adjustment on equipment/machinery that hasn’t been locked-out
 
There are a number of requirements that employers must do to protect their workers from caught-in or between hazards. Which of these is required if the worker’s body, hands or clothing may come into contact with moving parts?
Provide guards on power tools and other equipment with moving parts
 
The critical first step in developing a comprehensive safety and health program is to identify physical and health hazards at a work site. This process is known as:
A hazard assessment
 
OSHA requires that many categories of PPE meet or be equivalent to standards developed by:
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
 
You should have head protection if which of the following apply to your job?
— Objects might fall from above
— There are low-hanging pipes or beams
— There are exposed electrical hazards
 
In general, head protection should do which of the following?
— Resist penetration by objects and absorb the shock of a blow
— Be water-resistant and slow burning
— Have clear instructions explaining proper adjustment and replacement of the suspension and headband
 
There might be one pair of protective eyewear for your task or station, rather than individual eyewear for each employee. If this is the approach at your job site, then:
You must clean and disinfect the eyewear between each use
 
A noise level of 95 dB is ______ than the lowest level at which hearing protection is required (85 dB), and your exposure should be limited to six hours or less.
Ten times louder than
 
Safety footwear has to meet minimum compression and impact performance standards, set by:
ASTM F-2412-2005
 
Gloves that are chemically resistant are usually made from:
rubber or plastic
 
True or False: Full-body protection is sometimes made from materials such as duck, paper-like fiber, or rubberized fabrics, depending upon the hazard.
True
 
Before the start of each work shift, it is mandatory that:
A competent person inspects the scaffold before the start of each work shift
 
The first step in building a scaffold is to:
Conduct a site inspection
 
A scaffold must be erected “plumb, square, and level,” because:
If a scaffold is built even a few degrees off plumb, the resulting instability could cause the weight of the scaffold to shift, potentially causing the overloading of one leg and the eventual collapse of the scaffold
 
OSHA 1926.454(c) states: When an employer has reason to believe that an employee lacks the skill or understanding needed for safe work involving the erection, use or dismantling of scaffolds, the employer shall:
Retrain each such employee so that the requisite proficiency is regained
 
When dismantling a scaffold, all work should be conducted:
From the top down
 
Tube and coupler scaffolds over 125 feet high must be designed by:
registered professional engineer
 
What type of scaffold – other than the tube and coupler scaffold – is ideal for use around complex structures?
a system scaffold
 
This scaffold is simply a rope attached to a harness with an assembly like a boatswain’s chair for the worker to sit in.
Suspension scaffold
 
If a worker on a scaffold can fall more than 10 feet, they must be protected by guardrails and/or personal fall arrest systems (PFAS). The type of fall protection required will depend upon:
The type of scaffold
 
The four main causes of crane accidents are contact with power lines, overturns, falls and mechanical failure. Two other errors mentioned in this module that often lead to trouble are:
Improper maintenance and failure to conduct regular inspections
 
No modifications or additions that affect the capacity or safe operation of a crane or derrick should ever be made without:
The manufacturer’s written approval, which should be kept on file
 
Truck-mounted and rough terrain cranes are both forms of a mobile crane, and both use which of the following to increase their stability?
outriggers
 
Rated load capacities, recommended operating speeds, and special hazard warnings or instructions must be:
Conspicuously posted on the crane, where the crane operator can see them while he is at his control station
 
The four lifting principles that govern a crane’s mobility and safety during lifting operations are:
Center of gravity, leverage, stability and structural integrity
 
Employees working in the vicinity of a crane must take care to avoid what kind of accident?
“Struck by”
 
Personnel hoisting platforms must be designed by:
A qualified engineer, or another competent specialist qualified in structural design
 
True or False: Only personnel instructed in the requirements of the standard and the task to be performed – along with their tools, equipment and materials needed for the job – are allowed on the platform.
True
 
If the hoist tower is not enclosed, the hoist platform or car must be totally enclosed on all sides for the full height between the floor and:
The overhead protective covering
 
The greatest hazards posed by hand tools result from:
misuse and improper maintenance
 
Power tools should never be carried by the cord or hose or be yanked from a receptacle by the cord or hose; and cords and hoses should be kept away from:
Heat, oil, sharp edges
 
Sharp, abrasive, pinching, or otherwise hazardous moving parts of power tools:
Must have protective guard to prevent contact with workers
 
Before an abrasive wheel is mounted, it should be inspected closely and:
Sound- or ring-tested to ensure that it is free from cracks or defects
 
Neither the operator nor anyone else should ever stand directly in front of the wheel of an abrasive power tool as it accelerates to full operating speed. Why?
Because there is always the chance that the wheel wasn’t sound and could disintegrate or explode
 
Pneumatic tools are powered by:
Compressed air
 
Powder-actuated tools are extremely dangerous, with a “firing” mechanism similar to that of:
A loaded gun
 
If a powder-actuated tool misfires, the employee should:
Wait at least 30 seconds, then try firing again
 
All jacks – lever and ratchet jacks, screw jacks, and hydraulic jacks – must have a device that stops them from:
Jacking up too high (a stop indicator)
 
OSHA defines a trench as:
A narrow excavation made below the surface of the ground in which the depth is greater than the width – with the width not to exceed 15 feet
 
True or False: There is usually some form of warning before a cave-in.
False
 
OSHA requires that all excavations in which employees could potentially be exposed to cave-ins be protected by one or more of the following three methods:
Sloping, benching, shoring, shielding
 
The formula for all simple slope excavations 20 feet (6.11 meters) or less deep states that for every foot of depth, the trench must be excavated back:
1 and 1/2 feet
 
Trench boxes or shields must be designed or approved by:
a registered professional engineer
 
Shoring or shielding is most often used when:
The location or the depth of the excavation makes sloping back to the maximum allowable slope impractical
 
As mentioned in this module, in addition to cave-ins and related hazards, workers involved in excavation work also are exposed to hazards involving:
Falls, falling loads and mobile equipment
 
Employees are prohibited from working above other employees on the face of a sloped or benched excavation unless:
Workers on lower level have overhead protection from falling objects
 
To prevent surface water from entering an excavation and to provide adequate drainage of the adjacent area, OSHA standards require the use of:
Water removal equipment, diversion ditches, dikes, or other suitable methods
 
In the case of materials handling, storage, use and disposal, remember that the main hazards are injuries from:
— Improper lifting and carrying
— Being struck by materials or caught in pinch points
— Being crushed by improperly stored materials
 
Because the number of injuries from operating powered industrial trucks was on the rise, the OSHA standard for Powered Industrial Trucks was revised March 1, 1999. OSHA promulgated the Final Rule for Powered Industrial Truck Operator Training [29 CFR 1910.178(1)], which:
— Requires operator training and licensing as well as periodic evaluations of operator performance
— Requires operators to take and pass a written and road test (similar to a driver’s education) before they can operate the forklift.
 
Operators must complete three separate aspects of powered industrial truck training: formal training, practice training, and:
Evaluation
 
To adhere to fire safety precautions, flammable and combustible materials must be stored according to:
Their fire characteristics
 
General safety principles that can help reduce workplace accidents include:
— Work practices
— Ergonomic principles
— Training and education
 
Material handling tasks should be designed to minimize _________ of the given activity.
— the weight
— the range of motion
— the frequency
 
Only employees need to demonstrate and practice safe manual lifting techniques.
false
 
Manual materials is the most common category of compensable injuries in the United States work force, with four out of five of those injuries involving:
the lower back
 
When manually moving materials, employees should always try to lift it alone if a load is so bulky it cannot be properly grasped or lifted, when they cannot see around or over it, or when a load cannot be safely handled.
false
 
Prior to starting all demolition operations, OSHA 1926.850 (a) requires that:
an engineering survey be conducted
 
One of the most important elements of the pre-job planning is:
the location of all utility services
 
Proper equipment for prompt transportation of an injured worker, as well as a communication system to contact any necessary ambulance service, must be available:
on the work site
 
Mechanical demolition refers to demolition using equipment like:
wrecking balls, jackhammers
 
Prestressed concrete is:
A structural material with tensioned steel strands embedded inside, which compress the concrete and give it extra strength
 
Simple pretensioned beams and slabs of spans up to about 7 meters (23 feet):
Can be demolished in a manner similar to ordinary reinforced concrete
 
True or False: Electrical detonators can be inadvertently triggered by stray RF (radio frequency) signals from two-way radios
true
 
A blaster is:
A competent person who uses explosives
 
All vehicles used for the transportation of explosives shall have tight floors, and any exposed spark-producing metal on the inside of the body shall be:
Covered with wood or other non-sparking material
 
All explosives must be accounted for at all times, and all not being used must be kept in a:
locked magazine
 
OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard (HazCom) is designed to ensure that information about __________and associated protective measures is disseminated.
Hazardous chemicals
 
Chemical manufacturers and importers must convey the hazard information they learn from their evaluations to downstream employers by means of labels on containers and:
Safety Data Sheet
 
Under the new HAZCOM/GHS requirements for Safety Data Sheets (SDS’s) they must now have 16 total Sections.
true
 
Employers must provide employees with effective information and training on hazardous chemicals in their work area:
— At the time of their initial assignment
— Whenever a new hazardous chemical is introduced into their work area
 
The noise exposure measurement your employer makes must include all continuous, intermittent and ______ noise within a range of 80 dB to 130 dB.
Impulsive
 
To determine whether employees need hearing protection, employers have to consider:
— The loudness of the noise, as measured in decibels
— The duration of exposure to the noise
— How many sources generate loud noises
 
Audiometric testing monitors an employee’s hearing:
over time
 
Acute silicosis occurs after a few months or as long as 2 years following exposures to ________ concentrations of respirable crystalline silica.
extremely high
 
Symptoms of silicosis ____________ , so workers should have a chest x-ray to see if there is lung damage.
may or may not be obvious
 
Which of the following is an element of a hearing conservation program?
— Engineering and Administrative Controls
— Noise monitoring
— Hearing protection to be used
 
Using cranes to hoist material can have serious consequences if the process is not performed properly. Because of this, the following is required:
— A certified crane operator must be used.
— Rigging must be inspected prior to use, be in good shape and have the tag attached.
— A Qualified Rigger is responsible for connecting the crane to the material to be hoisted.
 
True or False: Once a fall protection device has been inspected by a competent person and deemed safe for use by an employee, it is up to the employee to inspect it regularly and ensure that it still meets OSHA requirements.
False
 
True or False: Before the advent of OSHA, a cohesive system of separate rules existed that effectively governed the American workplace. These rules were combined under the umbrella of OSHA.
False
 
Which industries are employees potentially exposed to silica dust:
— Stone and glass industries
— Construction
— Mining industries
 
Anytime an adapter is used to accommodate a two-hole receptacle, the adapter wire must:
be attached to known ground
 
If a worker on a scaffold can fall more than 10 feet:
They must be protected by guardrails and/or personal fall arrest systems (PFAS)
 
In noisy jobsites, these are often used to provide instructions to crane and derrick operators:
Hand signals
 
Since its implementation in 1971, OSHA has:
— Helped cut work-related fatalities nearly in half and cut excavation and trenching fatalities by more than a third
–Helped reduce workplace injuries and illnesses by 40 percent (Your Answer)
— Almost eliminated brown-lung disease from the textile industry
 
Prior to starting all demolition operations, OSHA 1926.850 (a) requires that an engineering survey of the structure be conducted by a competent person. The purpose of this survey is:
determine the condition of the structure so that measures can be taken, if necessary, to prevent the premature collapse of any portion of the structure
 
Two of the main differences between the hydraulic rough terrain crane and the crawler lattice boom friction crane are:
boom hoist, load line controls
 
True or False: Employers must provide a training program that teaches employees who might be exposed to fall hazards how to recognize such hazards and how to minimize them, and must also prepare a written certification that identifies the employee trained and the date of the training.
true
 
The most effective way to prevent exposure to crystalline silica is:
Substitution of a product that contains silica with a product that doesn’t contain silica

Module 1 Quiz: Pretest Answers

1. The mission of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is:

A. To secure fair compensation for workers who have been injured in accidents
B. To enforce the federal regulations that ensure that business is conducted in an ethical manner
C. To send every worker home whole and healthy every day
D. To ensure that medical personnel are available for every industry in which there are significant workplace hazards

2. Electricity travels in closed circuits, and its normal route is through a conductor. Electric shock occurs when:

A. The body becomes part of the circuit
B. The circuit becomes part of the conductor
C. Electricity jumps its normal path and strikes a person
D. Static electricity gathers outside the circuit

3. Workers need to take which of the following common-sense steps to protect themselves from falls through skylights and roof and floor openings?

A. Never sit on, lean against, or step on a skylight lens or any covering placed over a hole in a roof or floor
B. Guard or securely cover all holes created or uncovered before leaving a work area
C. Always use a PFAS when working over an unguarded or uncovered opening more than six feet above a lower level
D. All of the above

4. The two steps for avoiding hazards that are always taken before the need for PPE is considered are:

A. Correct answer Special care and training incentives
B. Special operations and avoidance techniques
C. Workplace and engineering controls
D. Alertness and reaction time testing

5. The three main scaffold types are aerial lifts, supported scaffolds and:

A. Tubular scaffolds
B. Bamboo scaffolds
C. Suspended scaffolds
D. Rope-ladder scaffolds

6. Because using cranes or derricks to hoist personnel poses a serious risk to the employees being lifted, any cranes and derricks that hoist personnel must:

A. Be placed on a firm foundation and be uniformly level within 1 percent of level grade
B. Move the personnel platform slowly and cautiously and have a rotation-resistant rope with a safety factor of 10
C. Have all brakes and locking devices set when the occupied personnel platform is in stationary position
D. All of the above

7. If the use of a power tool can result in flying sparks, metal shavings, wood chips, splashes, or other debris, workers should:

A. Protect themselves by wearing the proper PPE
B. Find a more appropriate tool that doesn’t cause debris to fly
C. Wear goggles or safety spectacles
D. Stop using the tool

8. OSHA defines an excavation as:

A. Any man-made cavity, depression, trench or cut in the earth’s surface formed by earth removal
B. A narrow excavation made below the surface of the ground in which the depth is greater than the width – with the width not to exceed 15 feet
C. Any square or rectangular trench with a width that does not exceed 15 feet
D. A hole of any shape with a depth that exceeds 15 feet

9. A training program to teach proper lifting techniques should cover:

A. Knowledge of the basic anatomy of the spine, muscles, and joints of the trunk
B. The use of safe lifting postures and timing
C. Both A and B
D. Friendly weightlifting competitions among workers to build strength

10. Mechanical demolition refers to demolition using equipment like:

A. Wrecking balls or jackhammers
B. Remote detonators to implode a structure
C. Explosives
D. Armed robots

Introduction to OSHA Answers

 
Question 1: Is Adrian Smith, one of 3 employees of ABC Landscaping, covered by OSHA?
A. Yes
 
Question 2: Is Taylor Dell, an accountant in business for herself, covered by OSHA?
B. No
 
Question 3: Is Rob Jones, one of 10 carpenters working for Woody, Inc., covered by OSHA?
A. Yes
 
Question 4: Why was OSHA necessary?
A. Workplace injuries, illnesses and death were increasing
B. No uniform or Comprehensive law existed to protect against workplace hazards
C. None of the Above
D. Both A and B
D. Both A and B
 
Question 5: What is OSHA’s mission?
A. To save lives
B. To prevent injuries
C. Protect the health of America’s workers
D. All the answers are correct
D. All the answers are correct
 
Question 6: Why is this training important?
A. You’ll know your rights if there are hazards in your workplace.
B. You’ll know where to get help.
C. You’ll know if your employer is complying with OSHA standards.
D. All of the answers are correct
D. All of the answers are correct
 
Question 1: What are some of the things you might find on an SDS?
A. Chemical Name
B. You’ll know where to get help
C. Fire and Explosion hazards
D. Precautions for safe use and handling
E. All of the Above
E. All of the Above
 
Question 2: What are some worker rights related to injury and illness reporting?
A. Know how to report injuries/illnesses, see the annual summary and review the log
B. Right to file a complaint
C. Right to participate in an OSHA inspection
D. None of the answers
A. Know how to report injuries/illnesses, see the annual summary and review the log
 
Question 3: Some standards or hazards where workers must be trained are?
A. Personal Protective Equipment
B. Hazards Communication
C. Lockout/Tagout
D. All the answers are correct
D. All the answers are correct
 
Question 1: What are some of the responsibilities employers have related to OSHA recordkeeping?
A. Must set up a reporting system
B. Inform workers of how to report
C. Maintain an OSHA 300 Log and make it available to workers
D. Post the annual summary
E. Report any worker fatalities and hospitalizations to OSHA
F. All of the Above
F. All of the Above
 
Question 2: Which section of the OSH Act prohibits employers from discriminating against workers for exercising their safety and health rights?
Section 11 ( c )
 
Question 3: What are some types of PPE that employers must pay for?
A. Hardhat
B. Hearing protection
C. Goggles
D. Rubber boots with steel toes
E. Fire fighting PPE
F. All of the above
F. All of the above
 
Question 1: What is the General Industry Subpart for Personal Protection Equipment?
Subpart I
 
Question 2: What is the General Industry Subpart for Fire Protection?
Subpart L
 
Question 3: What topic does 1910, Subpart G cover?
Occupational Health and Environmental Control
 
Question 4: What are the OSHA Construction standards also called?
Part 1926
 
Question 5: What are the General Industry standards also called?
Part 1910
 
Question 6: What are 29 CFR Parts 1915, 1917, and 1918 referred to as?
Maritime Industry Standards
 
Question 1: If a worker files a complaint, if there is a fatality, or if there is an imminent danger situation, OSHA would ______________.
Conduct an inspection
 
Question 2: What are the types of OSHA violations?
A. Willful
B. Serious
C. Other-Than-Serious
D. Repeated
E. Criminal/Willful
F. All of the Above
F. All of the Above
 
Question 1: What are some resources inside the workplace that will help you find information on safety and health issues? (Select all the answers that apply)
A. Co-workers
B. Supervisor
C. SDS
D. Labels
E. Manuals
 
Question 2: What are some resources outside the workplace that will help you find information on safety and health issues?
A. OSHA
B. NIOSH
C. Community Organizations
D. Educational Centers
 
Quiz Question 1: OSHA’s mission is to:
Protect the safety and health of America’s workers
 
Quiz Question 2: The creation of OSHA provided this important right to workers:
The right to a safe and healthful workplace
 
Quiz Question 3: A Safety Data Sheet (SDS) gives information about:
Hazardous Chemicals
 
Quiz Question 4: Among the rights related to OSHA recordkeeping, workers have the right to review:
The OSHA 300 Log and the OSHA 300A Summary
 
Quiz Question 5: During an OSHA inspection:
You have the right to talk to the inspector privately.
 
Quiz Question 6: The right of workers to seek safety and health on the job without fear of punishment is spelled out in:
Section 11(c) of the OSH Act
 
Quiz Question 7: One of the main responsibilities employers have under OSHA is to:
Provide training required by OSHA standards.
 
Quiz Question 8: OSHA requires that employers pay for most required personal protective equipment (PPE), including:
Hard hats
 
Quiz Question 9: The OSHA standards for Construction and General Industry are also known as:
Part 1926 and Part 1910
 
Quiz Question 10: What type of OSHA inspection is conducted when immediate death or serious harm is likely?
Imminent danger
 
Quiz Question 11: When the employer receives an OSHA citation, it must be:
Posted for 3 days or until the violation is fixed
 
Quiz Question 12: If you feel that an OSHA inspection is needed to get hazards corrected at your workplace, which is your best option?
Submit a written, signed complaint with specific hazard information

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