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What is Interpersonal Communication?
Interpersonal communication is the process by which people exchange information, feelings, and meaning through verbal and non-verbal messages: it is face-to-face communication.
Interpersonal communication is not just about what is actually said – the language used – but how it is said and the non-verbal messages sent through tone of voice, facial expressions, gestures, and body language.
Answers and Definitions to Learn
|Cognitive Conservatism||The tendency to seek and attend to information that conforms to an existing self-concept.|
|Face||The socially approved identity that a communicator tries to present.|
|Identity Management||The communication strategies people use to influence how others view them.|
|Perceived Self||The person we believe ourselves to be in moments of candor. It may be identical with or different from the presenting and ideal self.|
|Personality||A relatively consistent set of traits exhibited by a person across a variety of situations.|
|Presenting Self||The image a person presents to others. It may be identical with or different from the perceived and ideal self.|
|Reference Groups||Groups against which we compare ourselves, thereby influencing our self-concept and self-esteem.|
|Reflected Appraisal||The theory that a person’s self-concept mirrors the way the person believes others regard him/her.|
|Self-Concept||The relatively stable set of perceptions each individual holds of himself or herself.|
|Self-Esteem||The part of the self-concept that involves an individual’s evaluations of his or her self-worth.|
|Self-Fulfilling Prophecy||An expectation of an event, followed by behaviors based on that expectation, that makes the outcome more likely to occur than would have been the case otherwise.|
|Significant Others||People whose opinion is important enough to affect one’s self-concept strongly.|
|Social Comparison||Evaluation of oneself in terms of or by comparison to others.|
Interpersonal communication essentially defines a relationship
Interpersonal communication is relational in nature; it takes place in a relationship and the way we communicate depends on the kind of relationship we have with the other person. Example: You wouldn’t call your boss by their nickname, but you would for a sibling or a friend.
The kind of communication can range from relatively impersonal to highly personal. Example: You wouldn’t gossip about your ex with your boss, but would with a friend.