DNA vs RNA and Protein Synthesis Updated Answer Key

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I am single stranded
RNA
I am found only in the nucleus of eukaryote cells (exception during mitosis when nucleus is temporarily disassembled.)
DNA
I am a nucleic acid
both DNA and RNA
I am arranged as a double helix or “twisted ladder.”
DNA
I have the sugar ribose
RNA
I have the sugar deoxyribose
DNA
I include the bases Guanine, Cytosine and Adenine
both DNA and RNA
In eukaryote cells, I travel out of the nucleus to a ribosome
RNA
I have the base Thymine
DNA
I have the base Uracil
RNA
Type:
tRNA
Type:
rRNA
Stands for:
messenger RNA
Stands for:
ribosomal RNA

 

1)  I am a nucleic acid.

  • DNA
  • RNA
  • both

2) I am usually single-stranded

  • DNA
  • RNA
  • both

3) I am generally found both inside and outside of the nucleus [in eukaryotic cells].

  • DNA
  • RNA
  • both

4)  I am arranged as a double helix, and my shape is often described as a “twisted ladder.”

  • DNA
  • RNA
  • both

5) I include bases guanine, cytosine, and adenine.

  • DNA
  • RNA
  • both

6) I include the base uracil.

  • DNA
  • RNA
  • both

7) I include the base thymine.

  • DNA
  • RNA
  • both

8) I generally remain in the nucleus [in eukaryotic cells].

  • DNA
  • RNA
  • both

9) I have the sugar deoxyribose.

  • DNA
  • RNA
  • both

10) I am made up of nucleotides.

  • DNA
  • RNA
  • both

11) I have the sugar ribose.

  • DNA
  • RNA
  • both

12) What does mRNA stand for?

  • Transfer RNA
  • Ribosomal RNA
  • Messenger RNA

13) What does tRNA stand for?

  • Transfer RNA
  • Ribosomal RNA
  • Messenger RNA

14) What does rRNA stand for?

  • Deoxyribose RNA
  • Ribosomal RNA
  • Messenger RNA

15) I am generally found both inside and outside of the nucleus

  • DNA
  • RNA
  • both

16) Transcription takes place here (in a eukaryotic cell)

  • Mitochondria
  • Vacuole
  • Nucleus

17) Is DNA directly involved in the process of transcription?

  • yes
  • no

18) Where does translation take place?

  • Vacuole
  • Mitochondria
  • Ribosomes

19) Which type(s) of RNA are involved in translation?

  • Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
  • Messenger RNA (mRNA)
  • Transfer RNA (tRNA)
  • all RNA listed

20) Which process is shown?

  • mitosis
  • transcription
  • translation

21) What is occurring in this picture?

  • DNA Replication
  • Mitosis
  • Transcription

22) Which of these bases does not exist in RNA?

  • T
  • C
  • A
  • U

23) What does tRNA do?

  • make up ribosomes
  • help with RNA splicing
  • carry amino acids to ribosomes

24) Which type of RNA contains the codons and is translated into proteins?

  • rRNA
  • tRNA
  • mRNA

25) What does rRNA do?

  • carry amino acids to ribosomes
  • help with RNA splicing
  • make up ribosomes
  • carry info from genes to ribosomes

26) What image is this?

  • transcription
  • translation

27) what image is this?

  • translation
  • transcription

28) Adenine bonds with ______________.

  • Adenine
  • Cytosine
  • Thymine

29) Guanine bonds with ______________.

  • Thymine
  • Cytosine
  • Adenine

30) What are the 4 nitrogen bases? (DNA)

  • adenine, thymine, cytosine, and glucose
  • adenine, thymine cytosine, and guanine
  • adenine, thymine, cytoplasm, and guanine

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