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The primary focus of NIH’s conflict of interest policy is financial conflicts of interest. However, conflicts can also arise from other interests, such as academic or personal relationships. NIH is committed to ensuring that its extramural research programs are free from bias and undue influence.
The Federal Government has long recognized the potential for financial conflicts of interest to affect federally-funded research. In 1995, Congress enacted legislation requiring institutions receiving federal funds to establish procedures to identify and manage conflicts of interest. In 2012, NIH issued its own regulations on financial conflicts of interest.