Conflicts of Interest RCR-Basic Answers

We thoroughly check each answer to a question to provide you with the most correct answers. Found a mistake? Let us know about it through the REPORT button at the bottom of the page.

Click to rate this post!
[Total: 1 Average: 5]

Which is an example of a situation where deferential vulnerability might be a factor?

A. A college professor recruiting among his students
B. An army medical officer recruiting subjects among lower ranks
C. A physician recruiting his patients
D. An employer recruiting among persons who directly report to him

Answer: A physician recruiting his patients is an example of a situation where deferential vulnerability might be a factor.

Which of the following most accurately describes an institutional conflict of interest?
It occurs when an institution’s financial or non-financial interests could interfere with its research activities.
If researchers allow their moral or other personal beliefs to influence their objectivity, this is most likely an example of:
A conflict of conscience
The entity that normally is supposed to determine whether an academic researcher’s conflict of interest can be managed is:
A conflict of interest committee
If a friendship with an applicant could interfere with a hiring decision, this is typically referred to as:
A personal conflict of interest.
Which of the following most accurately describes a conflict of commitment?
It occurs when outside activities interfere with obligations to one’s primary employer.
Which of following is true about the management of conflicts of interest?
Management plans are often created to reduce the impact of conflicts of interest.
Which of the following statements is true regarding the regulations that govern research?
U.S. funded research collaborations are often governed by U.S. regulations no matter where the research takes place.
Which of the following is true regarding industry-sponsored research?
Industry sponsors of research may seek to place restrictions on the disclosure of research results.
Which of the following is true regarding academic-industry collaborations?
The industry sponsor typically owns the data from research that it funds.
What is the main function of a Technology Transfer Office with respect to collaborative research?
It helps collaborative researchers to commercialize their work.
In any collaboration, data ownership is typically determined by:
The type and source of funds used to support the project.
What is the main function of the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 as it relates to academic institutions?
It allows institutions to have control over the intellectual property from federally-funded research.
Which of the following is a responsibility of each author?
Confirming that data have been accurately presented.
Which of the following most accurately describes the practice of ghost authorship?
It is a situation where the individual who wrote the manuscript is not listed as an author.
Which of the following is the primary criterion for authorship?
Having made a significant intellectual contribution to the work.
Which of the following is true regarding authors who seek to publish the same content in multiple papers?
Using the same content in multiple papers is deceptive if it is not properly disclosed to journal editors or other relevant entities.
Which of the following statements is true regarding the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) guidelines?
Individuals who do not meet the criteria for authorship but who have made a noteworthy contribution are normally listed in the acknowledgments section.
Which of the following is a responsibility of each author?
Confirming that data have been accurately presented.
Which of the following is an example of plagiarism?
Presenting someone else’s ideas or words and claiming them as one’s own.
Which of the following statements is true regarding authorship practices?
Different disciplines have different practices about who should be included as an author.
Which of the following is true regarding an acknowledgments section?
The contributions of technicians and other researchers are often listed in the acknowledgments section if they do not meet all of the criteria for authorship.
If a friendship with an applicant could interfere with a hiring decision, this is typically referred to as:
A personal conflict of interest.
If researchers allow their moral or other personal beliefs to influence their objectivity, this is most likely an example of:
A conflict of conscience
The main focus of NIH’s conflict of interest policy is:
Financial conflicts of interest
Which of the following most accurately describes a conflict of commitment?
It occurs when outside activities interfere with obligations to one’s primary employer.
The entity that normally is supposed to determine whether an academic researcher’s conflict of interest can be managed is:
A conflict of interest committee
Which of the following is true about conflicts of interest?
Conflicts of interest increase the likelihood of bias.
Which of the following most accurately describes an institutional conflict of interest?
It occurs when an institution’s financial or non-financial interests could interfere with its research activities.
Which of the following is true about conflicts of interest?
Conflicts of interest increase the likelihood of bias.
Which of the following is true about the management of conflicts of interest?
Management plans are often created to reduce the impact of conflicts of interest.
Which of the following is true regarding data analysis?
Data analysis methods should usually be specified in advance before a study begins.
What is the primary responsibility of oversight bodies (such as an IRB or IACUC)?
To determine compliance with regulatory requirements, including those relating to protecting research subjects.
In the research context, the term validity most commonly refers to:
Whether operationalized terms actually measure what they purport to measure.
What are the three main goals of data lifecycle management (DLM)?
Confidentiality, availability, and integrity
Which of the following is true regarding data acquisition?
Data acquisition should follow a detailed collection plan that is set in advance.
Which of the following is true regarding the reporting of research results?
Clear specification of the methods and procedures used is essential.
Which of the following is true regarding data sharing and stewardship?
Researchers who receive federal funding may have to adhere to a data sharing requirement.
Which of the following statements is true concerning data selection?
Establishing a data selection strategy prior to collecting data decreases the chance of a biased outcome.
Which of the following most accurately describes data lifecycle management (DLM)?
It refers to the tools and processes for handling data during a research study and after it concludes.
Which of the following is most likely to own the data resulting from a research project?
The organization that receives federal funding for a project.
Which of the following most accurately describes voluntary committed cost sharing?
It means that the cost share is quantified in the proposal but not required by the sponsor.
Which of the following most accurately describes what effort reporting is supposed to capture?
Compensated activities
Which of the following most accurately describes the main purpose of the OMB Circulars?
They outline the rules for the financial management of sponsored projects.
What is the term for when a sponsor requests that the organization contribute financial support to a project?
Cost Sharing
What are the main elements necessary for ensuring that costs are appropriately charged?
Applying allocable, allowable, consistent, and reasonable costing policies and procedures.
Which of the following most accurately describes allocability?
It refers to how direct expenses are calculated based on the benefit to the project.
Which of the following most accurately describes an 2 CFR Part 200.425(2) audit?
It is an annual audit of an organization that receives over a certain threshold of federal funds each year.
Crystal clear theory refers to the notion that:
The financial details of a project should be explained plainly enough so that a non-expert would be able to understand them.
Closeout instructions on a sponsored project are most directly determined by:
The terms and conditions in the agreement with the sponsor.
Award documentation is typically required to be prepared and submitted within how long after the end of a project period:
90 days

Was this helpful?




Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *