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The P-value is a measure of the probability that a hypothesis might have occurred by chance or not. Hence, a P-value of 0.13 means that the hypothesis has occurred by random chance. Therefore, we’ll fail to reject the null hypothesis.

The commonly used α – value is 0.05 ;

The P-value is then compared to the α – value.

If the p-value is lesser than the α – value, then we reject the Null hypothesis otherwise, we fail to reject the null hypothesis.

Therefore, since P-value > α – value, we fail to reject the null hypothesis.

## Suppose you conduct a test, and your p-value=0.17. What can you conclude?

A. Reject Ho at alpha=0.05 but not at alpha =0.10

B. Reject Ho at alpha=0.05 but not at alpha =0.01

C. Reject Ho at alpha =0.10 but not at alpha=0.05

D. Reject Ho at alpha=0.01 but not at alpha=0.05

E. Reject Ho at alpha equal to 0.10, 0.05, and 0.01

**F. Do not reject Ho at alpha equal to 0.10, 0.05, and 0.01**

### Answer

F. Do not reject Ho at alpha equal to 0.10, 0.05, and 0.01.