Article III: The Courts Answers

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Which would most likely fall under the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
a case between two states
Which statement best describes how the structure of the judicial branch affects its interpretation of the Constitution?
The system of federal courts and a Supreme Court may give the judicial branch multiple opportunities to interpret the Constitution.
An unanswered constitutional question about the judicial branch involves
what “good behavior” means, with regard to judicial terms.
Which explains a difference between an original case and appellate case that the Supreme Court hears?
An appellate case has been heard by a lower court, while an original case has not.
People who make judgments in lower federal courts are called
judges

The diagram shows one way that cases reach the Supreme Court.

The diagram is an example of

appellate jurisdiction.
Appellate jurisdiction refers to
the Supreme Court’s authority to hear a case from a lower court.
Which explains why the Constitution gave Congress the power to create a system of federal courts?
The Constitution anticipated the need for courts lower than the Supreme Court.
The selection of federal judges by the executive branch is an example of
checks and balances.
Under which jurisdiction would further review of a federal court decision fall under?
appellate

Which is a true statement about federal judges?

They are appointed by the Senate.
They serve five-year terms.
They are approved by the Supreme Court.
They serve lifetime terms.

They serve lifetime terms.

The diagram shows one way that cases reach the Supreme Court.

The diagram is an example of

original jurisdiction.
appellate jurisdiction.
executive jurisdiction.
legislative jurisdiction.

appellate jurisdiction.

Appellate jurisdiction refers to

the Supreme Court’s authority to hear a case for the first time.
the Supreme Court’s authority to hear a case from a lower court.
a lower court’s authority to hear a case from the executive branch.
a lower court’s authority to hear a case from the legislative branch.

the Supreme Court’s authority to hear a case from a lower court.

In terms of jurisdiction, the Supreme Court has

executive and appellate.
original and appellate.
legislative and original.
original and executive.

original and appellate.

Which statement best describes how the structure of the judicial branch affects its interpretation of the Constitution?

The system of federal courts and a Supreme Court may give the judicial branch multiple opportunities to interpret the Constitution.
The system of federal courts and a Supreme Court give the judicial branch only one opportunity to interpret the Constitution.
The system of federal courts and a Supreme Court force the judicial branch to answer to the executive branch.
The system of federal courts and a Supreme Court force the judicial branch to answer to the legislative branch.

The system of federal courts and a Supreme Court may give the judicial branch multiple opportunities to interpret the Constitution.

Compared with the executive and legislative branches, the main purpose of the judicial branch is

to make laws.
to execute laws.
to interpret laws.
to overrule laws.

to interpret laws.

Which explains why Supreme Court justices are given lifetime appointments?

They give justices original jurisdiction.
They protect justices from political pressure.
They connect justices to appellate courts.
They provide justices with unlimited power.

They protect justices from political pressure.

The selection of federal judges by the executive branch is an example of

checks and balances.
original jurisdiction.
advice and consent.
appellate jurisdiction.

checks and balances.

Which explains a difference between an original case and appellate case that the Supreme Court hears?

An original case has been heard by a lower court, while an appellate case has not.
An original case involves the executive branch, while an appellate case does not.
An appellate case involves the legislative branch, while an original case does not.
An appellate case has been heard by a lower court, while an original case has not.

An appellate case has been heard by a lower court, while an original case has not.

The Constitution gives Congress the power to create federal courts

lower than the Supreme Court.
higher than the Supreme Court.
equal to the Supreme Court.
unaffected by the Supreme Court.

lower than the Supreme Court.

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