EVERFI Endeavor STEM Career Exploration Answers

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An advanced manufacturing technique utilized in a variety of industries. Additive 3D printing is created by extruding many horizontal layers of material on top of one another. 3D prints are created from 3D models (called Computer Aided Design or CAD) which are modeled using computer software. 3D printers can print in a variety of materials including plastic, metal, fiber, even food and concrete.
3D Printing
 
A set of tools and materials, and approach to systems and processes, that leverage new technology to create improved products and services.
Advanced Manufacturing
 
A self-contained set process of actions, or a defined list of steps, used to solve a particular problem used for calculation and decision making. These are used for a wide variety of applications, including in recommendation engines.
Algorithm
 
A recommendation method based on analyzing a similar set of user’s behavior, activities, and/or preferences and determining what other, similar uses are likely to enjoy. For example, when you go online to shop for a new pair of shoes, the retailer may show you more shoes that other consumers with similar tastes as you have looked at.
Collaborative Filtering
 
A STEM career that combines expertise of data science and computer science. Typically working with connected devices or networks, connection scientists collect and correlate data then analyze the information to improve products and services.
Connection Scientist
 
The process by which people purchase and utilize products and services. Typically consumption patterns are determined by analyzing the habits across large groups of individuals.
Consumption Patterns
 
A data filtering method based on analyzing a set of data and making recommendations for items with similar tags, properties, and/or keywords
Content Filtering
 
Facts, information, or statistics, typically used for analysis, reference, or as a basis for calculation.
Data
 
The process by which a human or computer selects, compiles, selects/cleans, reviews, models, and draws conclusions based on a specific set of data or information. This transforms raw information into usable content
Data Analysis
 
A single, distinct entry of information.
Data Point
 
A cyclical, multi-step process designers and engineers use to design and build new products. There are multiple steps to the process, including exploring, designing, planning, making, testing, and revising. Designers may go through this process many times during the product development process.
Design Process
 
The process by which something is made or constructed from raw materials or different parts.
Fabrication
 
Also known as pulse, this is the number of times your heart beats in one minute. Typically, it is expressed as beats per minute (BPM).
Heart Rate
 
The ability for computer software to be able to determine a shape, object, individual, or text from an image or video.
Image Recognition Technology
 
A term that refers to a network of physical devices that use sensors, software, and connectivity to share data. It can apply to a wide range of applications and products, from consumer applications like connected home automation systems, to increased monitoring and automation in manufacturing.
Internet of Things (IoT)
 
Snippets of text that describe a page’s content. Critical information, such as a page title, key words, or author might be noted as meta tags.
Meta Tags
 
A set of data or information that provides information about other data, typically as a summary of a larger set of data.
Metadata
 
A physical device that records how many steps are taken in a particular amount of time (typically over the course of 24 hours).
Pedometer
 
Designs and prototypes new products. Depending on the type of development or industry, they take on a variety of tasks, ranging from working on product visuals, interactions, product, and coding.
Product Designer
 
An engineer who designs products and determines how a final product will be produced. They are also responsible for figuring out how a product will be produced on a mass scale.
Product Engineer
 
A process of building, testing, and evaluating a version of a product. Prototypes are not considered final versions of a product. Typically, designers and engineers will prototype in order to test a particular feature, choice, or function of a product.
Prototyping
 
The process by which engineers and designers quickly make a version of a product to assess a specific design element.
Rapid Prototype
 
A set of algorithms that uses past user data and similar content data to make recommendations for a specific user profile. These are typically composed of a hybrid of content and collaborative filtering procedures. They are used in a variety of software applications, including music playlist generation, movie choice, targeted advertisements, and restaurant recommendations.
Recommendation Engines
 
A way of visually displaying data on a graph that highlights how one variable is impacted by another. Individual data points are show as single point on a graph.
Scatter Plot Graph
 
A method of protecting personal information with a key that only the user knows. They contain a mix of upper and lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters. They should be intuitive to the creator but not understandable by an outsider.
Secure Password
 
A device that takes in information (such as outside temperature, heart rate, distance from an object, light level, or sound level), and records information about the property.
Sensor
 
A home automation technology that connects a lighting system to connected controls, sensors, and other devices.
Smart Lighting System
 
A programmable device that allows the user to connect their lock up to connected devices, such as their phone, to control the locking and unlocking function of the lock.
Smart Lock
 
A device that helps manage heating and cooling by connecting to other devices or services. For example, a smart thermostat might monitor the external temperature of a home and automatically adjust the temperature to reflect higher or lower temperatures.
Smart Thermostats
 
A problem-solving approach where you consider the different aspects, forces, and applications of a system and how each piece contributes to the overall structure and function of the system.
Systems Thinking
 
A device that controls the function of another device based on certain intervals of time, typically what time the other device turns off and on.
Timer
 
Any data that a user creates or owns. For example, when you click an ad online, websites collect data about your browsing history or preferences.
User Data
 
Devices that record specific types of activities, such as walking or heart rate, and provides information back to the wearer. These are used for a variety of applications including medical monitoring, sports performance, and recreational wellness tracking.
Wearable Activity Monitors

Endeavor – Designing the Ultimate Prototype Answers

 
What is a rapid prototyping?
Rapid prototyping is the process by which engineers and designers quickly make a version of a product to assess a specific design element.
 
The process by which engineers and designers quickly make a version of a product to assess a specific design element is called:
Rapid prototyping
 
Which of the following statements about rapid prototyping is TRUE?
Rapid prototyping is the process by which engineers and designers quickly make a version of a product to assess a specific design element.
 
What are the steps of the Design Process?
Identify the Problem, Explore, Design, Build, Test, Improve
 
Which of the following steps is NOT part of the Design Process?
None of the above
 
After identifying a problem you want to solve, what are the additional steps of the Design Process?
Explore, Design, Build, Test, Improve
 
What is the function of the hot end in a 3D printer?
The hot end melts the material and places it on the correct spot.
 
In a 3D printer, _____________ is a heated nozzle that melts the material and places it on the correct spot.
The hot end
 
Which of the following statements about the hot end in a 3D printer is TRUE?
The hot end melts the material and places it on the correct spot.
 
What is the function of the extruder in a 3D printer?
The extruder is powered by a motor that guides the material out at the correct rate.
 
In a 3D printer,_____________ is powered by a motor that guides the material out at the correct rate.
the extruder
 
Which of the following statements about the extruder in a 3D printer is TRUE?
The extruder is powered by a motor that guides the material out at the correct rate.
 
Imagine you are designing a new backpack: why might you choose different materials for different parts of the backpack design?
Different materials are best suited to different tasks.
 
Imagine you are designing a new backpack. Which of the following statement(s) about why you might choose different materials for different parts of the design is TRUE?
Different materials are best suited to different tasks and it is important to test materials to know what will work best in the final design
 
Imagine you are designing a new backpack. Which of the following statement(s) about why you might choose different materials for different parts of the design is FALSE?
This is not a good idea, you should always make the design out of only one material.
 
The cyclical, multistep process by which designers and engineers design, build, and test a new product is called:
Design process
 
Imagine you are using the design process to design and build a new bike, which next step would you take after you had created a first prototype?
Test out your prototype to see how you might improve it in the next version.
 
Imagine you are using the design process to design and build a new bike, which next step would you take after you identified the problem you were trying to solve with your new design?
Explore different materials and approaches you might take to solving the problem.
 
Imagine you are designing an object that needs to be very flexible. Which of the following 3D printing materials would work best?
Nylon
 
Which of the following 3D printing materials would be the most flexible?
Nylon
 
Imagine you are designing an object that needs to be very flexible. Which of the following 3D printing materials would be a good choice?
Acrylic
 
When making a new product, why might designers and engineers go through the design process more than once?
Designers and engineers repeat the design process to address different parts of their design, or improve their design further.
 
Which of the following statements is TRUE about the design process?
The design process is a cyclical, multistep process.
 
Which of the following statements is FALSE about the design process?
Designers and engineers only go through the design process once when designing a product.
 
The type of computer drawing used to create 3D models is called:
Computer Aided Design (CAD)
 
In 3D printing, the acronym CAD stands for:
Computer Aided Design
 
Which of the following statements is TRUE about Computer Aided Design (CAD)?
A CAD model is often used for creating digital models that are the base for 3D printed objects.
 
Imagine you want to create a kite that is lighter and more aerodynamic and want to use the design process to create your product. What would be the first thing you would do?
Research and explore what other designers have used to create kites in the past and what materials or techniques you might use for your version.
 
Imagine you are using the design process to create a new kind of kite. You are using the design process and have just finished making a detailed plan for how you are going to make your kite. What should you do next?
Start building! Create a quick version of your idea.
 
Imagine you are using the design process to create a new kind of kite. You’ve researched and explored what other kite designers have done in the past and determined which materials you will use. What should you do next?
Create a detailed plan about how you will create you kite.

Endeavor – Connecting the Home of the Future Answers

 
What element is NOT part of a secure password?
Common Phrases
 
This graph shows the number of steps Ana and Curtis took…Which of the following label best describes the y-axis values?
Steps per day
 
If Month 1 is January, which two months experienced the earliest sunrises?
June and July
 
Which of the following types of data might be used in and IoT connected device?
Both Temperature and Sensors
 
Which of the following passwords would be most secure?
Cut3!8Sk1pD0g!2
 
The ____________ refers to a network of physical devices that use sensors, software, and connectivity to share data.
Internet of Things
 
Ideally IoT devices have the ability to…
Increase Energy efficiency
 
Which of the following could be represented with a scatter plot?
Water drank
 
According to the graph, two months experienced the least rainfall?
March and October
 
What elements do secure passwords contain?
Upper and lower case letter, numbers, special characters, and at least 12 characters
 
Determine steps on Tuesday?
Which day of the week corresponds to “Day 1”
 
Scatter plot shows…
Relationship between two variables.
 
Which of the following types of data might be used in an IoT connected device?
Weather, Human Data, Sensor
 
What is the Internet of Things
refers to a network of physical devices that use sensors, software, and connectivity to share data.
 
Which things are IoT
Not a Toilet, bathroom light, or hand soap dispenser. Is the smart heating and cooling system, adjustable lights.

Endeavor – Building the Perfect Playlist Answers

 
Which of the following statements about content-based filtering is TRUE?
With content-based filtering, users receive recommendations for items that are similar in type to ones they already like.
 
Which of the following statements about content-based filtering is FALSE?
With content-based filtering, users receive recommendations for items liked by similar users
 
With _________, users receive recommendations for items that are similar in type to items they already like.
content-based filtering
 
Which of the following statements about collaborative filtering is TRUE?
With collaborative filtering, users receive recommendations for items liked by similar users.
 
Which of the following statements about collaborative filtering is FALSE?
With collaborative filtering, users will receive recommendations for items that are similar in type to items they already like.
 
With _________, users will receive recommendations for items liked by similar users.
collaborative filtering
 
Online recommendation engines typically are based on:
Collaborative and content based filtering
 
___________ are typically based on algorithms that are comprised of content-based and collaborative filtering techniques.
Online recommendation engines
 
Which of the following statements about online recommendation engines is TRUE?
An online recommendation engine is a set of algorithms and Online recommendation engines use past user data and similar content data to make recommendations for a specific user profile.
 
Which of the following actions might contribute to recommendations you see online?
All of the above
 
Which of the following actions do NOT contribute to recommendations you see online?
All of these actions contribute to recommendations you see online.
 
Which of the following actions might contribute to recommendations you see online?
Rating a favorite movie on a digital streaming site and Purchasing a new t shirt from an online retailer.
 
What is user data?
User data is information that is created about a particular individual.
 
_______ information that is created about a particular individual whenever they are online.
User data is
 
_________ is information that is __________ a particular individual.
User data; created about
 
What is a meta tag?
Meta tags are snippets of text that describe the content of a page or object.
 
Which of the following statements about meta tags is TRUE?
Websites and software applications use meta tags to provide more information about their content and products.
 
Which of the following statements about meta tags is TRUE?
Meta tags are snippets of text that describe the content of a page or object
 
Where might you find recommendation engines at work?
All of the above
 
Which of the following scenarios might use a recommendation engine?
All of the above
 
Where might you find recommendation engines at work?
Suggesting a new song you might enjoy on a streaming music site and An online advertisement for a video game you recently read about in a blog post
 
What is an algorithm?
A specific set of instructions or steps used to solve a particular problem
 
_________ is a specific set of instructions or steps used to solve a particular problem.
An algorithm
 
Which of the following statements about algorithms is TRUE?
An algorithm is a specific set of instructions or steps used to solve a particular problem.
 
Kara, Darrell, and Jose all enjoy watching comedies online. Kara and Jose also enjoy watching dramas. Using content-based filtering, what might a recommendation engine suggest Darrell watch next?
A comedy
 
Kara, Darrell, and Jose all enjoy watching comedies online. Kara and Jose also enjoy watching dramas. Using collaborative filtering, what might a recommendation engine suggest Darrell watch next?
A drama
 
Eva, Corinne, and John all enjoy listening to pop music online. Eva and John also listening to dance music. Using content-based filtering, what might a recommendation engine suggest Corinne listen to next?
A pop song
 
What is an online recommendation engine?
An online recommendation engine is a set of software algorithms that uses past user data and similar content data to make recommendations for a specific user profile.
 
________ is a set of algorithms that uses past user data and similar content data to make recommendations for a specific user profile.
A recommendation engine
 
Which of the following statements about recommendation engines is FALSE?
An online recommendation engine is a set of search engines that uses competitive filtering to determine what content multiple similar users might like.

Endeavor – Medical Machines Answers

 
What is a hypothesis?
an idea or explanation you make based on information you have that you then test through study and experimentation
 
An idea an explanation you make based on information you have that then test through study and experimentation is called a:
Hypothesis
 
What are some examples of imaging tools that doctors use?
Computed Topography (CT), Echocardiogram (Echo), and an X-ray
 
Other than an X-ray,. what are two other medical imaging tools a doctor can use to diagnose a patient?
Computed Topography (CT) and Echocardiogram ( Echo)
 
When you are having problems with your heart, some of the symptoms could include…
A) Breathlessness B) Fatigue C) Chest pains D) All of the above
 
Which of the following statement is TRUE about how your body works?
chest pains, fatigue, breathlessness could mean that you’re having heart trouble
 
What can a doctor specialize in?
A) Body systems B) Diseases C) Specific patient needs D) All of the above
 
How is a doctor who is a generalist different then a specialist?
B) Specialist focus on a specific area of medicine C) Generalist treat common illnesses and injuries D)B and C
 
In order to provide the best patient care, a doctor works with all of the following people EXCEPT
Industrial designers
 
What kinds of people might a dog to work with to provide the best possible patient care?
doctors work with patients, radiologist, nurses, and other medical professionals
 
What should a doctor consider before deciding on a treatment option?
A) The patient health goals and lifestyles B) Test results and data gathered from the physical exam C) Opinions of other medical professionals working with the patient D) All of the above
 
Which these is a way that a doctor can examine a patient?
A) Using a stethoscope to listen to a patient’s heart and lungs B) Using a reflex Hammer to check a patient’s reflexes C) Listening to a patient explain their symptoms D) All of the above
 
Listening to a patient, feeling for abnormalities, and using a stethoscope to listen to heart and lung sounds are all the ways that a doctor can examine a patient.
True
 
What steps does a doctor take before making a hypothesis?
Review a patient’s file, examine the patient
 
A doctor will review the patient file and examine the patient…
before making a hypothesis
 
Forgetfulness, sensitivity to light, and nausea are all symptoms of what kind of injury?
a head injury
 
When you injure your head, in what parts of your body may you experience symptoms?
in many places in addition to your head, such as your stomach and eyes

Endeavor – Data Champions Answers

 
When calculating the expenses to run a business, there are things that can’t be changed, called constant, and things that can be changed called…
variables
 
As a sports store owner, the higher the price you charge for gear…
the greater your profits until it becomes too expensive
 
Which is the best information to determine an athlete’s abilities and needed areas of improvement?
high performance over the course of a season
 
observing an athlete for over a course of a ______ helps to determine their abilities and areas of needed improvement.
season
 
Analyzing a basketball backspin allows an athlete…
to prove their ability to make a basket
 
By recording a hockey puck goes into a net, a goalie can…
see a pattern of where they successfully block and don’t block shots
 
Mapping where puck goes into a net allows a sports analyst to…
inform the coach of where the goalies weak area is in blocking scores
 
Mapping where Puck goes into the net is valuable because…
it helps to identify where a goalie is weakest in blocking goals
 
Wearables backing track eye movement can…
how you determine where to focus during a shot on a goal
 
Tracking eye movement using wearables can…
help athletes focus on areas that need improvement

Endeavor – Game Development Studio Answers

 
What are some benefits of the Agile development methodology?
It allows people to contribute to more than one part of a project and more people can contribute to each part
 
The development methodology where each part of a project is done in order after each other is called
waterfall
 
A very early version of a game that doesn’t have all the parts is called
an alpha
 
Who are some of the team members involved in designing and developing a game?
Game designer, sound engineer, software engineer, writer, quality assurance tester
 
What are the steps of the development process for a software project?
Concept & write, design, development, test & launch
 
Which is “iterative”?
Working in cycles and building on previous versions to build an application through a process of prototyping, testing, analyzing and refining
 
What is a tech stack?
A list of all the tools, languages, frameworks and software products that an application is built on

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