Art Appreciation Chapter 4 – Living With Art

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Which of the visual elements can be best described as “the path of a moving point?”
Line
During the 20th century, which of the following became a recognized element of art?
Motion
lines are used in art to indicate:
boundaries between forms, direction and motion, shadows and highlights, and spatial depth on flat surfaces. (all of these answers are correct)
in art, shapes that suggest forms found in nature are called ______ shapes.
organic
Raphael’s “the motion of the meadows” is composed using the implied shape of a:
triangle
the 18th century indian painting of Maharana Amar Singh and others watching musicians and acrobats utilizes the basic visual cues for implying depth on a flat surface. They are:
Position and overlap
A black and white photograph of a scene eliminates the hue and intestities of a scenes colors but captures the colors
values
In drawing, the outer boundaries of two dimensional forms are defined by ________, three dimensional forms are defined by ________.
outlines; contour lines
In painting and drawing, artists often use the technique of ________ to describe the way shadows and light define form
chiaroscuro
Charles White’s “United: illustrates the technique of:
hatching
which artists uses light itself as the main material and whose work increases our awareness of light as a prescence in this world
doug wheeler
in the additive process of color mixing, red light, green light, and blue light combine to produce ______ light.
white
mixing two primary colors produces a ___________ color.
secondary
“Baker-Miller” refers to the color that:
seemed to calm and relax violent children in studies of colors effects on the mind and body
A necessary feature of pattern is:
repetition
the vanishing point in Leonardo da Vinci’s “The Last Supper” is:
at the exact center of the piece
just behind the head of the figure of jesus
on the horizon line
(All of these)
one common issue facing those who work to conserve works of art is:
the effect of light
the work of earlier restores
changing levels of heat and humidity
pollution
(All of these answers are correct)
In Albrecht Duer’s woodcut “the draftsman drawing of reclining nude”, the draftsman is using a device to help him acheive the effect of
foreshortening
The use of atmospheric perspective is a prominent aspect of which work?
Lake George by John Frederick kensett
artists can portray _________ textures that are created to look like something other than a flat painted surface
visual
actual shape
a positive area with clearly defined boundaries (as opposed to an implied shape)
amorphous shape
a shape without a clear definition; formless, indistinct, and of uncertain dimension
biomorphic shape
an irregular shape that resembles the freely developed curves found in living organisms
cubism
the name given to the painting style invented by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque between 1907 and 1912, which uses multiple views of objects to create the effect of three-dimensionality while acknowledging the two-dimensional surface of the picture plane. Signaling the beginning of abstract art, Cubism is a semiabstract style that continued the strong trend away from representational art initiated by Cezann in the late 1800s
curvilinear shape
a shape whose boundaries consist of predominantly curved lines; the opposite of rectilinear
decorative (shape)
ornamenting or enriching but, more importantly in art, stressing the two-dimensional nature of an artwork or any of its elements.
equivocal space
a condition, usually intentional on the artist’s part, in which the viewer may, at different times, see more than one set of relationships between art elements or depicted objects. This may be compared to the familiar “optical illusion.”
geometric shape
a shape that appears related to geometry, usually simple, such as a triangle, rectangle, or circle.
implied shape
a shape that does not physically exist but is suggested through the psychological connection of dots, lines, areas, or their edges.
kinetic (art)
from the Greek word kinesis, meaning “motion”; art that includes the element of actual movement
mass
1. in graphic art, a shape that appears to stand out three-dimensionally from the space surrounding it or creates the illusion of a solid body of material
2. in the plastic arts, a physical bulk of material
objective
that which is based, as closely as possible, on physical actually or optical perception. Such art tends to appear natural or real; the opposite of subjective
perspective
any graphic system used to create the illusion of three-dimensional images and/or spatial relationships in which the objects or their parts appear to diminish as they recede into the distance.
planar (shape)
having to do with planes, shapes that have height and width but no indication of thickness
plane
1. an area that is essentially two-dimensional, having height and width
2. a two-dimensional pictorial surface that can support the illusion of advancing or receding elements
3. a flat sculptural surface
plastic (shape)
1. element used in such a manner as to create the illusion of the third dimension on a two-dimensional surface
2. three-dimensional art forms, such as architecture, sculpture, and ceramics
rectilinear shape
a shape whose boundaries consist of straight lines; opposite of curvilinear
shape
an area that stands out from its surroundings because of a defined or implied boundary or because of differences or value, color, or texture
silhouette
the area between or bounded by the contours or edges, of an object; the total shape
subjective
that which is derived from the mind, instead or physical reality, and reflects a personal bias, emotion, or innovative interpretation
surrealism
a style of artistic expression, influenced by Freudian psychology, that emphasizes fantasy and whose subjects are usually experiences revealed by the subconscious mind through the use of automatic techniques.
three-dimensional
possesses, or creates the illusion of possessing the dimensions of depth, height, and width. In the graphic arts, the feeling of depth is an illusion, while in the plastic arts, the work has actual depth.
two-dimensional
possesses the dimensions of height and width, especially when considering a flat surface or picture plane
void
1. an area lacking positive substance and consisting of negative space
2. a spatial area with an object that penetrates and passes through
volume
a measurable amount of defined, three-dimensional space
In art, shapes that suggest forms found in nature are called ________ shapes.
Organic
A necessary feature of pattern is:
Repetition
Which of the visual elements can best be described as “the path of a moving point”?
Line
In painting and drawing, artists often use the technique of ________ to describe the way shadows and light define the shape of forms.
Chiaroscuro
In drawing, the outer boundaries of two-dimensional forms are defined by ________, while the outer boundaries perceived among three-dimensional forms are defined by ________.
Outlines; contour lines
During the 20th century, which of the following became a recognized element of art?
Motion
Mixing two primary colors produces a ________ color.
Secondary
Artists can portray _________ textures that are created to look like something other than a flat painted surface.
Visual
A black-and-white photograph of a scene eliminates the hues and intensities of the scene’s colors but captures the ________ of the colors.
Values
Lines are used in art to indicate:
Boundaries between forms, direction and motion, shadows and highlights, and spatial depth on flat surfaces.

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