The epidemiological transition, or public health transition, concludes that as nations become more developed, the leading cause of death shifts from __________ to ___________.

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The epidemiological transition, or public health transition, concludes that as nations become more developed, the leading cause of death shifts from __ to __.

a. Microbial agents; malnutrition
b. Malnutrition; obesity
c. Microbial agents; noncommunicable diseases
d. Noncommunicable diseases; obesity
e. None of the above

Answer

Microbial agents and noncommunicable diseases is the correct answer.

The epidemiological transition is a shift in population age distributions, death rates, fertility rates, life expectancy, and causes of death.

There are a number of areas where the theory could be improved, including taking poverty into account when determining disease risk and mortality, more clearly distinguishing the risk from various causes of death, and making the transition patterns fit better with historical periods or geographic locations.

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