Spanish Commands: Terms, QnA and Video

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Commands are used when ordering or telling someone to do something. This is often referred to as the “imperative” form of the verb.

Informal, or familiar, speech is used among friends, coworkers, relatives, or when addressing a child. Formal speech is generally used to be polite or to express respect. For that reason, the formal commands are often referred to as polite commands.

The formal commands are formed the same way as the present subjunctive:

Start with the yo form of the present indicative.
Then drop the -o ending.
Finally, add the following endings:
-ar verbs:
-e (for Ud.), -en (for Uds.)

-er and -ir verbs:
-a (for Ud.), -an (for Uds.)

Podría, podrías, podría, podríamos, podríais, podrían
Polite indirect commands
Third person of the singular of the present tense
The singular form of the familiar affirmative command is the same as…
-es, -as, -as
The negative of the singular form of the familiar command has the endings…
Dropping the final r and adding a d
The plural form of the affirmative familiar command is formed by…
éis, áis, áis
The negative form of the plural familiar command has the endings…
The conjugation of any verb in the first person singular in the present tense
Polite commands of regular verbs are formed from…
vamos + infinitve, use the singular polite form of the verb + mos
Two ways to form the indirect command
Use the indirect command, drop the s in mos, add the reflexive pronoun, and put an accent mark on the vowel of the infinitive ending
Reflexive command (affirmative)
Di tú, no digas tú
Singular familiar commands for decir (affirmative and negative)
Decid vosotros, no digáis vosotros
Plural familiar commands for decir (affirmative and negative)
Haz tú, no hagas tú
Singular familiar commands for hacer (affirmative and negative)
Haced vosotros, no hagáis vosotros
Plural familiar commands for hacer (affirmative and negative)
Ve tú, no vayas tú
Singular familiar commands for ir (affirmative and negative)
Id vosotros, no vayáis vosotros
Plural familiar commands for ir (affirmative and negative)
Pon tú, no pongas tú
Singular familiar commands for poner (affirmative and negative)
Poned vosotros, no pongáis vosotros
Plural familiar commands for poner (affirmative and negative)
Sal tú, no salgas tú
Singular familiar commands for salir (affirmative and negative)
Salid vosotros, no salgáis vosotros
Plural familiar commands for salir (affirmative and negative)
Se tú, no seas tú
Singular familiar commands for ser (affirmative and negative)
Sed vosotros, no seáis vosotros
Plural familiar commands for ser (affirmative and negative)
Ten tú, no tengas tú
Singular familiar commands for tener (affirmative and negative)
Tened vosotros, no tengáis vosotros
Plural familiar commands for tener (affirmative and negative)
Val tú, no valgas tú
Singular familiar commands for valer (affirmative and negative)
Valed vosotros, no valgáis vosotros
Plural familiar commands for valer (affirmative and negative)
Ven tú, no vengas tú
Singular familiar commands for venir (affirmative and negative)
Venid vosotros, no vengáis vosotros
Plural familiar commands for venir (affirmative and negative)
Habla tú, no hables tú
Singular familiar commands for hablar (affirmative and negative)
Hablad vosotros, no habléis vosotros
Plural familiar commands for hablar (affirmative and negative)
Come tú, no comas tú
Singular familiar commands for comer (affirmative and negative)
Comed vosotros, no comáis vosotros
Plural familiar commands for comer (affirmative and negative)
Hable ud., hablen uds.
Polite commands for hablar
Coma ud., coman uds.
Polite commands for comer
Parta ud., partan uds.
Polite commands for partir
Haga ud., hagan uds.
Polite commands for hacer
Conduzca ud., conduzcan uds.
Polite commands for conducir
Dé ud., den uds.
Polite commands for dar
Vaya ud., vayan uds.
Polite commands for ir
Sepa ud., sepan uds.
Polite commands for saber
Esté ud., estén uds.
Polite commands for estar
Sea ud., sean uds.
Polite commands for ser
Duerma ud., duerman uds.
Polite commands for dormir
Depsierte ud., despierten uds.
Polite commands for despertar
Sirva ud., sirvan uds.
Polite commands for servir
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