NIMS 700 Answers

ics 700.b test answers

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FEMA IS 700.b: An Introduction to the National Incident Management System Answers

1. Which NIMS Management Characteristic includes documents that record and communicate incident objectives, tactics, and assignments for operations and support?
A. Common Terminology
B. Information and Intelligence Management
C. Incident Action Planning
D. Integrated Communications

2. Which ICS structure enables different jurisdictions to jointly manage and direct incident activities with a single incident action plan?
A. Area Command
B. Joint Information Center
C. Unified Command
D. Incident Management Team

3. Which NIMS Management Characteristic follows established processes for gathering, analyzing, assessing, sharing, and managing data?
A. Common Terminology
B. Information and Intelligence Management
C. Integrated Communications
D. Establishment and Transfer of Command

4. Which NIMS Management Characteristic involves using standardized names and definitions for major organizational functions and units?
A. Common Terminology
B. Unified Command
C. Modular Organization
D. Comprehensive Resource Management

5. Which resource management task enables resource coordination throughout the incident?
A. Order and Acquire
B. Demobilize
C. Reimburse and Restock
D. Track and Report

6. Incident information is used across ICS, EOCs, MAC Groups, and JIS to aid in planning, determine incident costs, and identify safety issues.
A. TRUE
B. FALSE

7. Each ICS General Staff is led by a(n) ____________ who reports directly to the Incident Commander or Unified Command.
A. Section Chief
B. Administrative Authority
C. Unit Supervisor
D. Group Supervisor

8. Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC) is a state-to-state system for sharing resources during an emergency or disaster.
A. TRUE
B. FALSE

9. Use of communications and information systems that are familiar to users is a part of which key principle?
A. Reliability, Scalability, and Portability
B. Security
C. Interoperability
D. Resilience and Redundancy

10. The three NIMS guiding principles are:
A. Flexibility, standardization, unity of effort.
B. Unity of effort, preparedness, resource management.
C. Planning, response, recovery.
D. Resources, organization, standardization.

11. Using social media to support activities such as producing maps and incident visualizations is an example of which communications standard?
A. Common Terminology, Plain Language, and Compatibility
B. None of the Above
C. Technology Use and Procedures
D. Information Security/Operational Security

12. Which resource management task deploys or activates personnel and resources?
A. Identify Requirements
B. Track and Report
C. Order and Acquire
D. Mobilize

13. Which of the following is an EOC function?
A. Coordinating plans and determining resource needs
B. All of the above
C. Collecting, analyzing, and sharing information
D. Providing coordination and policy direction

14. Which NIMS Management Characteristic refers to the number of subordinates that directly report to a supervisor?
A. Modular Organization
B. Chain of Command and Unity of Command
C. Management by Objectives
D. Manageable Span of Control

15. Ensuring the uninterrupted flow of information’ describes which key communications and information systems principle?
A. Reliability, Scalability, and Portability
B. Security
C. Interoperability
D. Resilience and Redundancy

16. Which organizations should be involved in commmunications planning?
A. MAC Groups
B. All Stakeholders
C. Area Command
D. Planning Section

17. Which NIMS Command and Coordination structures are offsite locations where staff from multiple agencies come together?
A. Incident Command Structure (ICS)
B. Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs)
C. Joint Information System (JIS)
D. MAC Group

18. Incident Reports, such as Situation Reports and Status Reports enhance situational awareness and ensure that personnel can access needed information.
A. TRUE
B. FALSE

19. The Incident Action Plan is prepared by General Staff from which section?
A. Operations
B. Finance/Administration
C. Planning
D. Logistics

20. The jurisdiction receiving mutual aid can ____________ resources if they do not meet its needs.
A. Redirect
B. Store
C. Decline
D. Disregard

21. When an incident occurs or threatens, local emergency personnel manage response using NIMS principles and ICS. If the incident is or becomes large or complex, ________________.
A. Federal authorities assist.
B. Local EOCs activate.
C. A Unified Command is established.
D. Mutual Aid Agreements are executed.

22. Which resource management activity identifies and verifies that personnel are qualified for a particular position?
A. Qualifying
B. Planning
C. Certification
D. Credentialing

23. The need for ______________ can complicate information sharing among emergency personnel.
A. confidentiality
B. advanced equipment
C. verified sources
D. social media outlets

24. Which type of ICS facility is used to temporarily position and account for personnel, supplies, and equipment awaiting assignment?
A. Incident Base
B. Incident Command Post
C. Camp
D. Staging Area

25. In NIMS, resource inventorying refers to preparedness activities conducted outside of incident response.
A. TRUE
B. FALSE

26. Which major NIMS Component describes recommended organizational structures for incident management at the operational and incident support levels?
A. Resource Management
B. Command and Coordination
C. Communications and Information Management

27. Which resource management activity establishes common definitions for capabilities of personnel, equipment, teams, supplies, and facilities?
A. Identifying and Typing Resources
B. Acquiring, storing, and inventorying resources
C. Qualifying, certifying, and credentialing personnel
D. Planning for Resources

28. The _________ is a central location that houses Joint Information System (JIS) operations and where public information staff perform public affairs functions.
A. Joint Information Center (JIC)
B. MAC Group
C. Emergency Operations Center (EOC)
D. Incident Command Post

29. The MAC Group does not replace the primary functions of EOCs or other dispatch organizations.
A. TRUE
B. FALSE

30. When only certain EOC team members or organizations are activated to monitor a credible threat, which Activation Level has been implemented?
A. Level 1 – Full Activation
B. Level 4 – No EOC is required
C. Level 3 – Normal Operations/Steady-State
D. Level 2 – Enhanced Steady-State

31. The ‘capacity for emergency management and response personnel to interact and work well together’ describes which of the key communications and information systems principles?
A. Reliability, Scalability, and Portability
B. Security
C. Resilience and Redundancy
D. Interoperability

32. NIMS Components are adaptable to planned events such as sporting events.
A. TRUE
B. FALSE

33. EOCs can be fixed locations, temporary facilities, or virtual structures with staff participating remotely.
A. TRUE
B. FALSE

34. Which NIMS Management Characteristic includes documents that record and communicate incident objectives, tactics, and assignments for operations and support?
A. Common Terminology
B. Information and Intelligence Management
C. Integrated Communications
D. Incident Action Planning

35. When an incident occurs or threatens, local emergency personnel manage response using NIMS principles and ICS. If the incident is or becomes large or complex, ________________.
A. Federal authorities assist.
B. Local EOCs activate.
C. Mutual Aid Agreements are executed.
D. A Unified Command is established.

36. Which NIMS Management Characteristic involves using standardized names and definitions for major organizational functions and units?
A. Common Terminology
B. Unified Command
C. Comprehensive Resource Management
D. Modular Organization

37. Which NIMS Management Characteristic follows established processes for gathering, analyzing, assessing, sharing, and managing data?
A. Common Terminology
B. Information and Intelligence Management
C. Establishment and Transfer of Command
D. Integrated Communications

38. Which NIMS Management Characteristic allows units from diverse agencies to connect, share information, and achieve situational awareness?
A. Incident Action Planning
B. Information and Intelligence Management
C. Integrated Communications
D. Comprehensive Resource Management

39. In NIMS, resource inventorying refers to preparedness activities conducted _________ (of) incident response.
A. during
B. outside
C. with
D. instead

40. Which EOC configuration allows personnel to function in the EOC with minimal preparation or startup time?
A. ICS or ICS-like EOC structure
B. Strategic Joint Command Structure
C. Departmental Structure
D. Incident Support Model (ISM) structure

41. ICS provides a standardized approach to the command, control, and coordination of _______ emergency personnel.
A. EOC
B. non-activated
C. On-scene
D. Off-site

42. Regarding resource typing, which of the following characteristics are typically use to categorize resources?
A. Capability
B. Location
C. Number available
D. Color

43. Which major NIMS Component describes recommended organizational structures for incident management at the operational and incident support levels?
A. Resource Management
B. Communications and Information Management
C. Command and Coordination

44. Which NIMS structure develops, recommends, and executes public information plans and strategies?
A. MAC Groups
B. Incident Command System
C. Emergency Operations Center (EOC)
D. Joint Information System (JIS)

45. EOCs receive senior level guidance from:
A. MAC Groups
B. Incident Command System
C. Joint Information Center
D. Joint Information System (JIS)

46. Full activation of an EOC can include personnel from assisting agencies.
A. TRUE
B. FALSE

47. Which NIMS structure makes cooperative multi-agency decisions?
A. MAC Groups
B. Incident Command System
C. Emergency Operations Center (EOC)
D. Joint Information System (JIS)

48. Which resource management task establishes and maintains the readiness of resources and ensures providers are paid in a timely manner?
A. Reimburse and Restock
B. Track and Report
C. Mobilize
D. Order and Acquire

49. Which NIMS Management Characteristic helps to eliminate confusion caused by conflicting instructions?
A. Chain of Command and Unity of Command
B. Management by Objectives
C. Information and Intelligence Management
D. Accountability

50. Which NIMS Management Characteristic includes developing and issuing assignments, plans, procedures, and protocols to accomplish tasks?

A. Manageable Span of Control

B. Comprehensive Resource Management

C. Modular Organization

D. Management by Objectives

51. In NIMS, when do managers plan and prepare for the demobilization process?

A. At the end of the incident.

B. During recovery.

C. At the same time they begin mobilizing resources.

D. When transitioning between operational periods.

52. Which communications management practice includes specifying all of the communications systems and platforms that parties will use to share information?

A. Equipment Standards

B. Agreements

C. Policy and Planning

D. Standardized Communication Types

53. Which NIMS Management Characteristic includes maintaining accurate and up-to-date inventories of personnel, equipment, teams, and supplies?

A. Comprehensive Resource Management

B. Incident Facilities and Locations

C. Management by Objectives

D. Dispatch/ Deployment

54. Establishing mutual aid agreements to obtain resources from neighboring jurisdictions is an example of what resource management activity?

A. Acquiring, storing, and inventorying resources

B. Identifying and Typing Resources

C. Qualifying, certifying, and credentialing personnel

D. Planning for Resources

55. Which NIMS guiding principle supports interoperability among multiple organizations?

A. Unity of Effort

B. Adaptability

C. Standardization

D. Flexibility

56. Which resource management task determines the type, quantity, receiving location, and users of resources?

A. Order and Acquire

B. Track and Report

C. Mobilize

D. Identify Requirements

57. Which Command Staff member serves as the incident command s point of contact for organizations not included in the Incident Command or Unified Command?

A. Public Information Officer

B. Area Commander

C. Safety Officer

D. Liaison Officer

58. Which resource management task includes activating local resource requirements, if available?

A. Track and Report

B. Mobilize

C. Order and Acquire

D. Reimburse and Restock

59. One EOC function is to provide coordinated support to incident command, on-scene personnel, and other EOCs, if needed.

A. True

B. False

FEMA ICS 700 Answers and Terms

NIMS Guiding Principles
Flexibility
Standardization
Unity of Effort
Flexibility
Allows NIMS to be scalable from routine, local incidents through those requiring interstate mutual aid up to those requiring Federal assistance
Standardization
Supports interoperability among multiple organizations in incident response
Standard Organizational Structures
Improve integration and connectivity among organizations
Standard Practices
Allow incident personnel and organizations to work together effectively
Common Terminology
Enables effective communication
Unity of Effort
Enables organizations with jurisdictional authority or functional responsibilities to support each other while allowing each participating agency to maintain its own authority and accountability
3 Major Components of NIMS
1. Resource Management
2. Command and Coordination
3. Communications and Information Management
Resource Management
Standard mechanisms to systematics manage resources, including personnel, equipment, supplies, teams, and facilities, both before and during incidents in order to allow organizations to more effectively share resources when needed
Command and Communication
Describes leadership roles, processes, and recommended organizational structures for incident management at the operational and incident support levels and explains how these structures interact to manage incidents effectively and efficiently
Communications and Information Management
Describes systems and methods that help to ensure that incident personnel and other decision makers have the means and information they need to make and communicate decisions
4 Key Activities of Resource Management Preparedness
1. Identifying and typing resources
2. Qualifying, certifying, and credentialing personnel
3. Planning for resources
4. Acquiring, storing, and inventorying resources
Typing: Capability
The resources capability to perform its function in one or more of the five mission areas: Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery
Typing: Category
The function for a which a resource would be most useful (firefighting, law enforcement, health and medical)
Typing: Kind
A broad characterization, such as personnel, equipment, teams, and facilities
Typing: Type
A resources level of capability to perform its function based on size, power, capacity (for equipment), or experience and qualifications; Type 1 has greater capacity than Type 2, 3, or 4
Qualifying
Personnel meet the minimum established standards (including training, experience, physical and medical fitness) to fill specific positions
Certification
Recognition from an AHJ or a third party that an individual has completed qualification for a position
Credentialing
Documentation- typically an ID card or badge- that identifies personnel and verifies their qualifications for a particular position
Identify Requirements (Resource Management)
Identify:
1. Type and quantity of resources needed
2. Location where resources should be sent
3. Who will receive and use resources
Order and Acquire (RM)
Resource typing is designed for use here to ensure resources provided meet the mission needs
Track and Report (RM)
-Tracks the location of resources
-Helps staff prep to receive and use resources
-Protects the safety and security of personnel, equipment, teams and facilities
-Enables Resource coordination and movement
Demobilization (RM)
The goal of demobilization is the orderly, safe, and efficient return of a resource to its original location and status
Reimburse and Restock (RM)
1. Establish and maintain the readiness of resources
2. Collect bills and validate costs
3. Ensure that resource providers are paid in a timely manner
4. Restock through replacement or repair of damaged equipment
Mutual Aid
The sharing of resources and services between jurisdictions or organizations
NIMS Structures
NIMS Structures
Common ICS Facilities
1. Incident Command Post (ICP)
2. Staging Areas
3. Incident Base
4. Camps
ICP
Incident Command Post- Location of the tactical-level, on-scene incident management (Incident Commander or Unified Command and Staff)
Staging Areas
Temporarily position and account for personnel, supplies, and equipment awaiting assignment
Incident Base
Location at which personnel conduct primary support activities (may be co-located with the ICP)
Camps
Satellites on an incident base, established where they can best support incident operations by providing food, sleeping areas, sanitation, and minor maintenance and servicing of equipment
Area Command
Oversees the management of multiple incidents or a very complex incident through establishing multiple ICS organizations
ICS is used to manage
On-scene, tactical-level response
EOC is used to manage
From off-site locations in order to:
1. Address imminent threats and hazards
2. Provide coordinated support to incident Command, on-scene personnel and/or other EOCs
3 Common ways to organize EOCs
1. ICS or ICS-like structure
2. Incident Support Model structure
3. Departmental structure
EOC activation level 1
Full Activation
EOC activation level 2
Enhanced steady-state/partial activation
EOC activation level 3
Normal operations/steady state
MAC Group functions
1. Act as policy level body
2. Support resource prioritization and allocation
3. Make cooperative multi-agency decisions
4. Enable decision making among elected and appointed officials and the Incident Commander responsible for managing the incident
Function of JIS
Integrates incident information and public affairs into a unified organization that provides consistent, coordinated, accurate, accessible, timely, and complete information to the public and stakeholders during incident operations
JIS activities
1. Develop and deliver coordinated interagency messages
2. Develop, recommend and execute public information plans and strategies
3. Advise on public affairs issues that could affect the incident Management effort
4. Address and manage rumors and inaccurate information that could undermine public confidence
JIC steps to informing public
1. Gathering
2. Verifying
3. Coordinating
4. Disseminating
The Federal Government only becomes involved with a response when:
1. State governors or tribal leaders request Federal assistance and their requests are approved
2. Federal interests are involved
3. Statute or regulation authorized or requires
4 key communications and information systems principles
1. Interoperability
2. Reliability, Scalability, and Portability
3. Resilience and Redundancy
4. Security
Strategic communications
High level directions, including resource priority decisions, roles and responsibilities determinations, and overall incident management courses of action
Tactical Communications
Communications among and between on-scene and tactical personnel and cooperating agencies and organizations
Support Communications
Coordination and support of strategic and tactical communications
Public Communications
Alerts and warnings, press conferences
Incident Action Plan
Incident-specific plans improve situational awareness and describe the objective and tactics of the incident management
Data Interoperability
Common communications protocols enable the dissemination of information among all incident management elements
Which NIMS Management Characteristic includes documents that record and communicate incident objectives, tactics, and assignments for operations and support?
Incident Action Planning
Which ICS structure enables different jurisdictions to jointly manage and direct incident activities with a single incident action plan?
Joint Information Center
Which NIMS Management Characteristic follows established processes for gathering, analyzing, assessing, sharing, and managing data?
Information and Intelligence Management
Which NIMS Management Characteristic involves using standardized names and definitions for major organizational functions and units?
Common Terminology
Which resource management task enables resource coordination throughout the incident?
Track and Report
Each ICS General Staff is led by a(n) ____________ who reports directly to the Incident Commander or Unified Command.
Section Chief
The three NIMS guiding principles are:
Flexibility, standardization, unity of effort
Which resource management task deploys or activates personnel and resources?A. Identify Requirements
B. Track and Report
C. Order and Acquire
D. Mobilize
Mobilize
Which of the following is an EOC function?A. Coordinating plans and determining resource needs
B. All of the above
C. Collecting, analyzing, and sharing information
D. Providing coordination and policy direction
B. All of the above
Which NIMS Management Characteristic refers to the number of subordinates that directly report to a supervisor?A. Modular Organization
B. Chain of Command and Unity of Command
C. Management by Objectives
D. Manageable Span of Control
D. Manageable Span of Control
Ensuring the uninterrupted flow of information’ describes which key communications and information systems principle?A. Reliability, Scalability, and Portability
B. Security
C. Interoperability
D. Resilience and Redundancy
D. Resilience and Redundancy
;A. MAC Groups
B. All Stakeholders
C. Area Command
D. Planning Section
B. All Stakeholders
17. Which NIMS Command and Coordination structures are offsite locations where staff from multiple agencies come together?A. Incident Command Structure (ICS)
B. Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs)
C. Joint Information System (JIS)
D. MAC Group
B. Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs)
18. Incident Reports, such as Situation Reports and Status Reports enhance situational awareness and ensure that personnel can access needed information.A. TRUE
B. FALSE
A. TRUE
The Incident Action Plan is prepared by General Staff from which section?A. Operations
B. Finance/Administration
C. Planning
D. Logistics
C. Planning
The jurisdiction receiving mutual aid can ____________ resources if they do not meet its needs.A. Redirect
B. Store
C. Decline
D. Disregard
C. Decline
When an incident occurs or threatens, local emergency personnel manage response using NIMS principles and ICS. If the incident is or becomes large or complex, ________________.A. Federal authorities assist.
B. Local EOCs activate.
C. A Unified Command is established.
D. Mutual Aid Agreements are executed.
B. Local EOCs activate.
Which resource management activity identifies and verifies that personnel are qualified for a particular position?A. Qualifying
B. Planning
C. Certification
D. Credentialing
D. Credentialing
The need for ______________ can complicate information sharing among emergency personnel.A. confidentiality
B. advanced equipment
C. verified sources
D. social media outlets
B. advanced equipment
Which type of ICS facility is used to temporarily position and account for personnel, supplies, and equipment awaiting assignment?A. Incident Base
B. Incident Command Post
C. Camp
D. Staging Area
D. Staging Area
In NIMS, resource inventorying refers to preparedness activities conducted outside of incident response.A. TRUE
B. FALSE
A. TRUE
Which major NIMS Component describes recommended organizational structures for incident management at the operational and incident support levels?A. Resource Management
B. Command and Coordination
C. Communications and Information Management
B. Command and Coordination
Which resource management activity establishes common definitions for capabilities of personnel, equipment, teams, supplies, and facilities?A. Identifying and Typing Resources
B. Acquiring, storing, and inventorying resources
C. Qualifying, certifying, and credentialing personnel
D. Planning for Resources
A. Identifying and Typing Resources
The _________ is a central location that houses Joint Information System (JIS) operations and where public information staff perform public affairs functions.A. Joint Information Center (JIC)
B. MAC Group
C. Emergency Operations Center (EOC)
D. Incident Command Post
A. Joint Information Center (JIC)
The MAC Group does not replace the primary functions of EOCs or other dispatch organizations.A. TRUE
B. FALSE
A. TRUE
When only certain EOC team members or organizations are activated to monitor a credible threat, which Activation Level has been implemented?A. Level 1 – Full Activation
B. Level 4 – No EOC is required
C. Level 3 – Normal Operations/Steady-State
D. Level 2 – Enhanced Steady-State
D. Level 2 – Enhanced Steady-State
The ‘capacity for emergency management and response personnel to interact and work well together’ describes which of the key communications and information systems principles?A. Reliability, Scalability, and Portability
B. Security
C. Resilience and Redundancy
D. Interoperability
D. Interoperability
NIMS Components are adaptable to planned events such as sporting events.A. TRUE
B. FALSE
A. TRUE
EOCs can be fixed locations, temporary facilities, or virtual structures with staff participating remotely.A. TRUE
B. FALSE
A. TRUE
Which NIMS Management Characteristic includes documents that record and communicate incident objectives, tactics, and assignments for operations and support?A. Common Terminology
B. Information and Intelligence Management
C. Integrated Communications
D. Incident Action Planning
D. Incident Action Planning
When an incident occurs or threatens, local emergency personnel manage response using NIMS principles and ICS. If the incident is or becomes large or complex, ________________.A. Federal authorities assist.
B. Local EOCs activate.
C. Mutual Aid Agreements are executed.
D. A Unified Command is established.
B. Local EOCs activate.
Which NIMS Management Characteristic involves using standardized names and definitions for major organizational functions and units?A. Common Terminology
B. Unified Command
C. Comprehensive Resource Management
D. Modular Organization
A. Common Terminology
Which NIMS Management Characteristic follows established processes for gathering, analyzing, assessing, sharing, and managing data?A. Common Terminology
B. Information and Intelligence Management
C. Establishment and Transfer of Command
D. Integrated Communications
B. Information and Intelligence Management
Which NIMS Management Characteristic allows units from diverse agencies to connect, share information, and achieve situational awareness?A. Incident Action Planning
B. Information and Intelligence Management
C. Integrated Communications
D. Comprehensive Resource Management
C. Integrated Communications
n NIMS, resource inventorying refers to preparedness activities conducted _________ (of) incident response.A. during
B. outside
C. with
D. instead
B. outside
Which EOC configuration allows personnel to function in the EOC with minimal preparation or startup time?A. ICS or ICS-like EOC structure
B. Strategic Joint Command Structure
C. Departmental Structure
D. Incident Support Model (ISM) structure
C. Departmental Structure
ICS provides a standardized approach to the command, control, and coordination of _______ emergency personnel.A. EOC
B. non-activated
C. On-scene
D. Off-site
C. On-scene
Regarding resource typing, which of the following characteristics are typically use to categorize resources?A. Capability
B. Location
C. Number available
D. Color
A. Capability
Which major NIMS Component describes recommended organizational structures for incident management at the operational and incident support levels?A. Resource Management
B. Communications and Information Management
C. Command and Coordination
C. Command and Coordination
Which NIMS structure develops, recommends, and executes public information plans and strategies?A. MAC Groups
B. Incident Command System
C. Emergency Operations Center (EOC)
D. Joint Information System (JIS)
C. Emergency Operations Center (EOC)
EOCs receive senior level guidance from:A. MAC Groups
B. Incident Command System
C. Joint Information Center
D. Joint Information System (JIS)
A. MAC Groups
Full activation of an EOC can include personnel from assisting agencies.A. TRUE
B. FALSE
A. TRUE
Which NIMS structure makes cooperative multi-agency decisions?A. MAC Groups
B. Incident Command System
C. Emergency Operations Center (EOC)
D. Joint Information System (JIS)
A. MAC Groups
Which resource management task establishes and maintains the readiness of resources and ensures providers are paid in a timely manner?A. Reimburse and Restock
B. Track and Report
C. Mobilize
D. Order and Acquire
A. Reimburse and Restock
Which NIMS Management Characteristic helps to eliminate confusion caused by conflicting instructions?A. Chain of Command and Unity of Command
B. Management by Objectives
C. Information and Intelligence Management
D. Accountability
A. Chain of Command and Unity of Command
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