Music 152 & Harmony Final Test Answers

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The following excerpt is not an example of triple meter. (00:42)
False

From the word pairs, select the one that completes the following sentence correctly.

Each measure contains a combination of strong and weak __________, which represent the underlying ____________ of the music.

beats : pulse
The following excerpt is an example of duple meter. (00:14)
True
Which excerpt suggests a weak beat?
Excerpt B (00:11)
Which excerpt suggests tempo rubato?
Excerpt A (00:46)
Meter in music can best be described as:
The grouping of pulses into consistent units
The predominant meter of this example is: (2:53)
Triple
The placement of accents in the following example causes us to perceive its meter as: (00:25)
Mixed and changing
The proper musical term for ‘decreasing the tempo’ is __________.
ritardando
Which combination of beat and tempo is present in this excerpt? (00:30)
Strong and fast
The sense of beat in this example is unstressed throughout. (4:32)
True
Where are tempo markings usually written in a music score?
Over the staff
The rhythmic “surprise” created by accents occurring in unexpected places in the following example is called… (00:13)
Syncopation
The top number of the time signature above, represents: (3 on top, 4 on bottom)
There are three beats in each measure.
Which excerpt is an example of accelerando?
Excerpt A (00:12)
Which of these statements best describes the unique rhythmic feature in this example? (00:19)
The dramatic use of silence
Tempo is an Italian universal musical term that refers to the speed at which a music composition is played.
True
The Italian term for at ease is:
Adagio
__________ is an Italian term that describes moderately fast tempo
Moderato
In the following example: (00:29)
The repeated rhythm pattern is part of the accompaniment
The following piece is an example of triple meter. (3:30)
False
Which of the following Italian tempo terms best applies to this selection? (7:31)
Allegro
The Italian term that describes very fast tempo is:
Presto
The following excerpt is an example of ritardando. (00:11)
True (The piece slows down towards the end of the example.)
The following excerpt is an example of ritardando. (00:11)
False (The piece doesn’t gradually slow down.)
The proper musical term for “increasing the tempo” is __________.
accelerando

From the word pairs, select the one that completes the following sentence correctly.

Meter organizes _________ and __________ sounds into units called measures.

stressed : unstressed
Syncopation is often used in jazz settings
True
This example illustrates the use of: (00:30)
Ritardando
The following example features a steady pulse played by the bass. (5:59)
True
Which of the following excerpts has a fast tempo?
Excerpt A (00:11)
Which of the following Italian tempo terms best applies to this selection? (00:59)
Vivace
Which of the following is a false statement?
Tempo and rhythm are interchangeable terms.
Rhythm is defined as:
The organization of sound in time
The pulse in this example… (00:44)
Is very weak throughout
The tempo in this example… (00:36)
Remains consistent
If the printed program at a concert indicated that the first movement of a symphony was titled Allegro and the second Andante, you would expect:
The first movement to be fast, the second slower
The tempo of this example could be described as: (00:20)
Rubato
The tempo in this example could be described as: (00:30)
Accelerando
The trumpet melody in the following excerpt can be best described as: (00:03)
Disjunct
The melodic material in the following excerpt can be best described as having:
(00:13)
Mixed melodic directions with a transitional character
The characteristics of a melody may be best described in terms of:
Shape, direction, and range
The melody in the following excerpt is comprised of: (00:24)
Several small melodic ideas
Does the following excerpt move mainly by disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones? (00:13)
The excerpt features all three
Does the following excerpt move mainly by disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones? (00:26)
The excerpt features all three
The most salient compositional aspect of the following excerpt is: (00:35)
Imitation between voices
A melody consists of a succession of:
Pitches
When a melody acquires significant importance within a given composition, it is called a:
Theme
The direction of the following melody can be best described as: (00:05)
Downward at first and then static
The following excerpt is: (00:15)
The Triumphal March from the opera Aida
Does the following excerpt feature more disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones? (00:22)
Conjunct
Does the following excerpt move mainly by disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones? (00:36)`
Repeated tones
The following excerpt is dissonant. (00:28)
False
Consonant harmonies usually provide a feeling of tension.
False
The following excerpt represents melody with harmonic accompaniment. (00:11)
True
The following excerpt represents melody with harmonic accompaniment. (00:06)
False
This music example illustrates a chord played one note after another. This is called: (00:01)
Arpeggio
The following excerpt represents a melody without harmonic accompaniment. (00:14)
True
The term harmony refers to the horizontal aspect of music.
False
The following excerpt represents: (00:11)
Melody with harmonic accompaniment
The following excerpt represents melody by itself without harmonic accompaniment. (00:03)
False
The following excerpt is consonant. (00:11)
True
This excerpt demonstrates: (00:19)
How dissonant harmonies create tension and instability throughout
Although the violin is mostly a single melody instrument, violinists can also play chords using an instrumental technique known as: (00:16)
Double stops
Two simultaneous pitches of the same letter name and pitch (e.g., C, G, or D) constitute a harmony.
False
Which of the following types of texture does it represent? (00:09)
Monophony
The following excerpt represents monophonic texture. (00:07)
True
This piece is a good example of: (00:18)
Homophonic texture
The following excerpt represents monophonic texture. (00:21)
False
Which of the following terms does not refer to a basic musical texture?
Cacophony
This piece of music is a good example of: (00:20)
Polyphonic texture
The musical texture that consists of a single melody without accompaniment is called:
Monophony
This music excerpt is an example of: (00:31)
Polyphonic texture
The following excerpt represents homophonic texture.
(00:18)
False
This music passage is an example of: (00:16)
Homophony
In general, operatic arias of the Romantic period, for example those by Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924), provide good examples of homophonic music.
True
Musical texture refers to how melody and harmony relate to each other.
True
Which of the following choices is the defining characteristic of polyphony?
The independence and equality of concurrent melodic lines
The following excerpt represents polyphonic texture. (00:14)
False
The following music excerpt features: (00:17)
A mixture of polyphonic and homophonic textures
Which of the following forms is not based on the principle of repetition?
Binary form

Listen to the following two examples from a piece in rondo form presented in the text.

Which excerpt represents the Theme?

Example A (00:20)
The following musical excerpt represents strophic form. (3:22)
False
This composition is a clear example of: (17:17)
Theme and variations form
Which excerpt most likely represents theme and variations form?
Example A (15:33)
The following musical excerpt represents strophic form. (3:11)
True
Which form does it represent? (2:06)
Ternary form
This piano piece exemplifies: (2:34)
Ternary form
Composers and arrangers can introduce some elements of variation in a piece of music without altering its basic form.
True
According to the text, in rondo form, the repeating themes are separated by:
contrasting episodes
Form can be defined as the constructive or organizing element in music.
True
Which of the following forms is not based on the principle of contrast?
Strophic form
Usually, folk tunes, songs, spirituals, and hymns are not good examples of strophic form.
False
This piece of music is an example of: (3:59)
Strophic form (Amazing Grace)
This movement from a piano sonata by Beethoven exemplifies: (4:25)
Rondo form
This cello piece exemplifies __________ form. (2:33)
Binary
The texture of this example is… (00:17)
Polyphonic
Which of the following is NOT a chant of the Proper of the Mass?
Sederunt Principes
Which of the following were sacred genres in the Medieval period?
Masses and motets
Which of the following were important composers in the Medieval period?
Hildegard von Bingen and Guillaume de Machaut
A unifying factor for social, political, and cultural life in the Medieval period was…
The Roman Catholic Church
Guido d’Arezzo wrote The Fundamentals of Music, a very important medieval treatise (essay).
False
This excerpt is an example of: (00:30)
Secular music

Listen to the following excerpt of a Medieval composition.

This composition represents… (00:18)

An advanced 12th-century four-voice organum
The melody of this example suggest that it is from sacred music of the Medieval period because… (6:30)
It moves stepwise and has a small range.
Most of the notated music that survives from the Medieval period is secular in nature.
False
Which of the following examples represents secular music?
Example C (00:15)
Which 8th- and 9th-century ruler had a profound influence on Church music?
Charlemagne
The great European churches and cathedrals of the Medieval period were important to the development of Western music
True
Léonin and Pérotin were two composers associated with Notre Dame and the development of polyphony
True
The following composition is a work by: (6:03)
A French troubador
This excerpt is an example of… (00:32)
Stepwise melody with unstressed rhythms
Which of the following was regarded as a leading composer of the Ars Nova style?
Guillaume de Machaut
Anicius Boethius invented a system that made possible the memorization and written transmission of melodies.
False
Who is credited with the creation of plainsong?
Pope Gregory I
Which of the following examples represents sacred music?
Example B (4:24)
Renaissance artists didn’t really care very much if their works appealed to the public at large; they were more concerned about the “purity” of their music.
False
The composer of this selection is: (10:26)
Jacob Obrecht
The following excerpt features characteristics of polyphonic texture. (4:32)
False
This instrument, which was very popular during the Renaissance, is called a (bent handle at the top)
lute
Two important composers from the Renaissance period were:
Desprez and Palestrina
The Renaissance madrigal was a sacred music form used to convey the meanings behind the poems on which they were based.
False
The following excerpt features characteristics of polyphonic texture. (1:38)
True
This example is: (00:25)
From a Renaissance composition having its roots in folk songs
Despite advances in other areas, Renaissance harmony and polyphony remained restricted to the music rules that governed most of the Medieval period.
False
The following composition, featuring 40 voices, was written by: (12:15)
Thomas Tallis
According to the text, the Renaissance period was known as:
The Golden Age of Choral Music
Which time period is generally considered the Renaissance period?
1450 – 1600
This is an excerpt from a: (00:25)
Madrigal
One difference between a Renaissance Mass and a motet is:
A Mass is always based on a specific text that is part of the liturgy of a given day.
The Renaissance may be described as an age in which:
Individualism, humanism, and secular values started to flourish once again.
What element of the musical style of the following piece indicates that it is from the Renaissance period rather than the Medieval period? (00:27)
It features imitation that goes through all the voices
Which of the following is a composition for the vihuela?
Example B (1:58)
During the Renaissance, what was the name composers gave to the original chant used as the basis for the main melody in a composition?
Cantus firmus
The following excerpt is an example of Renaissance a cappella choral music. (7:19)
False
The Renaissance was the Golden Age of:
Choral composition for small ensembles
Which of the following excerpts exhibits Baroque rhythmic characteristics?
Excerpt B (00:39)
Listen to this music example and answer the following question: Who would be a likely composer for this work? (00:47)
Bach or Handel.
The texture of this excerpt is: (00:32)
Polyphonic
Which of the following important events took place during the Baroque period?
The Scientific Revolution
Which statement does NOT apply to the following music example? (00:20)
It has monophonic texture
The composer of the following music example could likely be… (00:40)
Purcell
During the Baroque period, the term sonata was used for musical works __________.
to be played
Which statement reflects the musical features of the following music example? (00:28)
Performed by a small orchestra
The secular text and overall musical style of this example suggest that it is from a/an: (00:40)
Opera
Which of the following describes this example? (00:40)
Wide dynamic range and repetition in the melody to express deep feelings
The musical features of the following example suggest that it comes from a/an: (00:40)
Aria
In the Baroque period, music for keyboard…
Was created mainly for use in instrumental genres such as sonatas, suites, and concertos
During the Baroque period, the musical feature that lent harmonic support to the main melodic line of a composition was called:
Basso continuo
Who composed La favola d’Orfeo, a work that marks the beginning of opera as a major art form?
Claudio Monteverdi
Which of these examples is a recitative?
Excerpt B (00:24)
The following excerpt is an example for which style of recitative? (1:00)
Recitativo secco
Which statement reflects the musical features of the following music example? (3:31)
Contrasts between a small group of soloists and a larger ensemble
The following excerpt is most likely from a/an: (00:40)
Opera
The following excerpt is most likely from a(n)… (00:33)
Piece for solo keyboard
The following musical excerpt is from a recitative. (00:25)
True
Which of the following composers wrote this symphony? (16:54)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Listen to the following example and select the genre that best defines it: (00:50)
Symphony
Which would be the most likely composer of this example? (00:20)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Which one of the following examples comes from a famous Beethoven symphony?
Excerpt D (00:57)
The sections of the Classical sonata-allegro form are:
Exposition, Development, and Recapitulation
We can say that the harmony in the following example is typical of the Classical period because it features: (00:26)
chord accompaniment and clear, strong cadences
Beethoven is sometimes referred to as “The Father of the Symphony.”
False
We can say that the melody in the following example is typical of the Classical period because it is: (00:08)
Short, symmetrical, and balanced
Which genre is represented by this example? (1:00)
Concerto
The following example from the Classical period may be classified as a/an: (00:37)
Sonata
A string _______ is composed of two violins, one viola, and a cello.
quartet
Which of the following were important composers of the Classical period?
Mozart and Haydn
From which of the following pairs would you choose the most likely composer of this example? (00:46)
Haydn or Beethoven
The following musical excerpt is from the Classical period. (3:26)
False
The texture of the following example from the Classical period can best be described as: (00:38)
Homophonic
Which of the following characteristics are associated with the rococo style?
Elegance, delicacy, softness, and playfulness
Suppose you are listening to the first movement of a symphony written in the Classical period. You have heard the first section, in which two themes were introduced, and a second section, in which segments of those themes were expanded and developed. What would you expect next?
A varied repeat of the first section with a return of the two original themes
Which Classical genre is represented by this example? (00:52)
Chamber music
The dates given in this course for the Classical period are:
1750 – 1825
According to the text, Beethoven strongly influenced the music of Haydn.
False
The following selection is from Berlioz’s Symphony Fantastique. (00:48)
False
Which of the following was NOT known as a composer of choral music?
Chopin
The composer pictured above is best known for taking older forms and styles and redefining them in modern ways. Antonín Dvorák was inspired by his Hungarian Dance No. 1. What is this composer’s name? (3:02)
Brahms
According to the text, art of the Romantic period valued emotional restraint and clarity of form.
False
In broad terms, music and the other arts of the Romantic period…
Gave full expression to a wide range of feelings, dreams, and the heroic human potential.
Which of the following statements best characterizes the “mood” of the Romantic period?
Rules and logic are less important that the free expression of human feelings. Humans can only “fully become” by exploring their inner feelings.
Who was NOT a nationalist composer?
Liszt
Which of the following is not a composer from the Romantic period?
Eugene Delacroix
Which of the following was not a member of the Five?
Pyotr Tchaikovksy
This composer pictured above wrote The Blue Danube, arguably the most famous waltz of all time. His name is:
Johann Strauss Jr.
Which one of these composers was considered a national hero in his homeland?
Jean Sibelius
Notes that don’t belong to the traditional scale are known as ______________ alterations.
Chromatic
Which of the following excerpts features frequently changing tempos?
Not C
Which of the following excerpts is most likely a composition by Paganini?
Excerpt C (00:24)
The melody in this composition is representative of Romantic music because it: (00:34)
Is long, flowing, and lyrical
During the Romantic period, most composers were:
Independent business persons, earning their living by performing music, writing music for specific occasions and commissions, and collecting royalties on published music.
The name of the composer pictured above, who wrote more than 600 art songs (lieder), is:
Franz Schubert
During the Romantic period, choral music enjoyed its highest popularity since the Renaissance period.
True
Which of the following statements best describes musical form in the Romantic period?
Romantic composers worked with traditional forms but expanded them in innovative ways to meet their expressive needs
Which one of the following is not a general characteristic of Romantic music:
Compositions were based on logic and controlled feelings.
Which of the following trends in contemporary music does this excerpt exemplify? (00:27)
Jazz influence
Given the Hungarian folk music flavor of this example, which of the following is the most likely composer? (00:13)
Bartók
Which one of the following composers’ style is most closely associated with that of the commercial music world known as Tin Pan Alley?
George Gershwin
Which of the following composers catapulted to the top of the 20th-century avant-garde after composing Firebird, Petrushka, and Le Sacre du Printemps?
Igor Stravinsky
According to the text, what was the significance of Debussy’s work? (10:32)
It represented the first viable alternative to tonal music.
Which of the following composers was known for using folk-based fiddle tunes like the one in the following example? (00:20)
Aaron Copland
Which of the following best describes aleatory music?
Music that allows for an element of chance to enter the performance
Nadia Boulanger was a prominent music teacher who taught some of the most influential composers of the 20th century, including Aaron Copland, Philip Glass, and Walter Piston
True
Which of the following movements is associated with Debussy and Ravel?
Impressionism
Which of the following was not a French composer?
Carl Orff
Which of the following 20th-century trends sought to restore order, harmony, and emotional restraint to music?
Neoclassicism
Which characteristic of texture in this example is most closely associated with music of the Contemporary period? (00:45)
Thick texture with full and frequently dissonant chords
Which of the following statements best describes the role of technology with regard to art music in the Contemporary period?
Technology has enabled art music composers to experiment with and change the way that they create music.
Given the atonal nature of this example, which of the following is the most likely composer? (00:54)
Schoenberg
Many composers in the contemporary period sought alternatives to tonality, or key-centered music. Which of the following is one such alternative?
Serialism
Which of the following were important composers in the Contemporary period?
Stravinsky and Schoenberg
The composers Samuel Barber, Thea Musgrave, and Ned Rorem resisted the 20th-century trend of serialism
True
Which of the following is the composer for this piece? (00:27)
Gershwin
Which of the following is the composer for this piece? (10:32)
Debussy
Which of the following is the composer for this excerpt? (00:31)
Cage
Given the atonal nature of this example, which of the following is the most likely composer?
The following excerpt is an example for which style of recitative? (1:00)
Recitativo secco
Harmony
involves the vertical aspect of music, that is, tones of different pitch that are sounded together. harmony is two or more pitches sounding simultaneously.
What is the difference between consonance and dissonance?
combination of pitches that we think go together well—are referred to as consonant, while discordant ones—pitches that sound as though they clash—are called dissonant.
True/False: Melody is horizontal and harmony is vertical
True
True/False: Although the violin is usually referred to as a melodic (one note at a time) instrument, it is also capable of playing more than one sound at a time.
True
True/False: The smallest harmonic unit is made up of two pitches with different letter names sounding together.
True
Chord
A harmony of three or more pitches
Unison
When two simultaneous pitches of the same letter name are sounded together, the result is not a harmony, but unison.
Ludwig van Beethoven
Born: 1770
Died: 1827
Period: Classical
Country:
Symphony No. 5 in C minor: I. Allegro con brio
Violin Concerto No. 1, First Movement
Max Bruch
arpeggio
When the notes of a chord are played one after another rather than simultaneously
True/False: Consonant harmonies tend to provide a feeling of stability and rest, as in the Kyrie from Pope Marcellus Mass by Giovanni da Palestrina (1525-1594). In contrast, dissonance creates a feeling of instability and the necessity for resolution. This passage from The Ride of the Valkyries by Richard Wagner (1813-1883) demonstrates how dissonant harmonies create tension and instability.
True
True/False: Consonance and dissonance change constantly within a piece of music.
True
True/False: Consonance is very important because it creates points of tension without which the music would soon become lifeless and boring.
False – This describes dissonance
True/False: Composers use dissonance to create temporary tension within a series of harmonies or harmonic progressions.
True – This tension is relieved by the resolution of a dissonant harmony into a consonant one.
True/False – The alternation between consonance and dissonance is what gives music much of its life, structure, and sense of motion.
True
The relationship between consonance and dissonance has changed throughout music history, and it varies from culture to culture. What is the relationship like today?
Today, the general trend is towards an increasing use of dissonance.
What is the only style of Western music in which harmony is not always present in its traditional form?
Rap music, in which percussive and electronic sound effects and multiple, non-tonal voice lines provide a harmonic support.
True/False: To most Western listeners, music without harmony sounds somewhat incomplete.
True
True/False: In Om, an example of Indian music, there is no harmony in the traditional Western sense of the word.
True

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