FEMA IS-321 Answers

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The independent study module aims to help members of FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation disaster workforce communicate the risks associated with hurricanes and effective mitigation measures to the public.

The module is part of a series of Independent Study modules for the Hazard Mitigation disaster workforce, which includes mitigation information for public consumption regarding earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tornados, and wildfires.

The module covers topics such as how hurricanes cause damage, personal safety and structures mitigation measures, and beneficial mitigation publications. The course objectives include training Hazard Mitigation Advisor Specialists to explain the hurricane hazard and how to mitigate future damages effectively to people affected by hurricanes.

The primary audience for the course is Hazard Mitigation Disaster Workforce Staff, and the prerequisites are FEMA Employment. The course takes 2 hours to complete and offers 0.2 CEUs.

FEMA IS-321: Hurricane Mitigation Basics for Mitigation Staff Answers

Installing backflow valves is a dry floodproofing measure that prevents hurricane storm water or sewage from coming through a structure’s drainpipes after a flood from a hurricane.TRUE
FEMA publications can be found at FEMA.gov andHM Disaster Workforce Website
Which FEMA-partner organization(s) below would you recommend to the public regarding mitigating damage from hurricanes?All of the above.
Anchoring a shed with anchor straps can reduce wind damage to the shed and to other structures.TRUE
Which is the best resource recommendation to give a member of the public about hurricane mitigation?FEMA publications and websites relevant to the needs of that member of the public.
The area on an NFIP Flood Insurance Rate Map which indicates coastal areas subject to inundation by the 1-percent-annual-chance flood event, with additional hazards associated with storm-induced waves, is called a:V Zone
Which mitigation measure reduces the risk of damage by high hurricane winds to outbuildings?Both of these are correct.
Residential safe rooms built to the standards of FEMA 320: Taking Shelter from the Storm, provide near-absolute protection that reduces the risk of injury or death caused by the dangerous forces of extreme winds.TRUE
Which statement about sand dunes and mangrove stands is consistent with NFIP regulations for V Zones?A property owner may only re-vegetate dunes to prevent erosion of the dunes.
Which mitigation measure below is an example of wet floodproofing?Protecting appliances and utilities from flooding by raising them to Base Flood Elevation or higher.
There is no mitigation action that can help keep trees rooted during strong windsFALSE
Which of the following NFIP requirements applies to structures located in an area designated on a Flood Insurance Rate Map as a V Zone?The bottom of the lowest horizontal member is elevated above the Base Flood Elevation.
Communities may add a “freeboard” requirement in the local floodplain ordinance to require structure elevation above the Base Flood Elevation in Special Flood Hazard Areas.TRUE
If a community acquires a flood-prone residential property to meet NFIP requirements, that property can be redeveloped as a new housing project.FALSE
Securing double entry doors with one latch at the top of the door will prevent the doors from being blown open by hurricane winds.FALSE
Which mitigation measure below is an example of dry floodproofing?Waterproofing a structure below Base Flood Elevation using a waterproof veneer.
Direct the public to local building officials prior to repairing or rebuilding because most communities have building codes and/or ordinances that may be applicable.TRUE
Hardening a structure by strengthening the continuous load path is an effective hurricane mitigation technique because:By linking and reinforcing the structure’s connections from the roof to the foundation, the load caused by hurricane-force wind is transferred to the ground.
Which of the following should be considered before selecting flood control barriers to mitigate flooding?All of the above.
At a disaster, which organization is responsible for deciding what advice to provide to the public about mold?The State Health Department
A V Zone on an NFIP Flood Insurance Rate Map is a coastal area subject to inundation by the 1-percent-annual-chance flood event with additional hazards associated withStorm-induced waves
A gable roof cannot be reinforced by bracing the framing at the ends of the gable to make it more wind-resistant. Only a hip roof is hurricane-wind resistant.FALSE
A continuous load path in a structure connects the roof to upper floor walls, upper walls to lower walls, lower walls to main floor, and main floor to foundation.TRUE
Mold can be a health hazard but can not cause structural damage.FALSE
Which roof type below is recommended because of its low-profile, wind-resistant design?Hip roof
Flood mitigation measures that meet local floodplain management requirements for residences include floodproofing, elevating or relocating structures, water control barriers, and property acquisition.TRUE
Which is the best recommendation for mitigating hurricane wind damage to shingles?Install shingles according to manufacturer recommendations and local building codes.
Which mitigation measure below reduces the risk of damage to structures by wind-damaged trees?Both of these are correct.
Which of the following is an NFIP requirement applicable to a structure in a V Zone?The bottom of the lowest horizontal structural member of the building must be elevated above the Base Flood Elevation.
What factors determine the size and quantity of connection brackets needed to secure the continuous load path?Design loads and local building code requirements.
Hazard Mitigation (HM) staff should distribute only the mold publications provided by the HM Community Education and Outreach.TRUE
When asked by a member of the public about repairing structure damage from a hurricane, offer advice on mitigation measures, provide relevant FEMA resources, and:Send the person to local building officials.
Safe rooms also offer protection from flood waters; If a person has a safe room, they can ignore evacuation instructions.FALSE
Reinforcing a garage door with metal bars and brackets will increase its resistance to high-wind pressure from hurricanes.TRUE
Nails or screws designed for roofing applications, anchored in the underlying rafter or truss according to building codes, enhance the stability of the roof sheathing.FALSE
Using impact-resistant glass and functional shutters can not reduce the risk of wind damage to windows.FALSE


  1. IS-321: Hurricane Mitigation Basics for Mitigation Staff

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