FEMA IS-318 Answers

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IS-318 is a course offered by FEMA that aims to assist participants in undertaking the hazard mitigation plan development process and help federal and state plan reviewers interpret regulations.

The course is aimed at plan writers and reviewers and teaches them to identify and understand the requirements of the Stafford Act and mitigation planning regulations, use FEMA’s multi-hazard mitigation planning guidance to develop a hazard mitigation plan, identify hazards and estimate potential losses, develop a mitigation strategy, initiate the plan review process, and understand terminology.

The course is designed for local or Indian Tribal government officials, emergency management agencies, and personnel from various fields such as public works, public health, and human services. Private or nonprofit organization representatives may also participate if they have a role in developing mitigation plans or participating in mitigation planning processes. The course has no prerequisites, takes 12 hours to complete, and offers 1.2 CEUs.

FEMA IS-318: Mitigation Planning for Local and Tribal Communities Answers

From the answer choices, select the statement that is FALSE about approaches used for identifying development trends in the mitigation plan.You must project growth and development for the next 50 years.
Is the following statement TRUE or FALSE?True
Is the following statement TRUE or FALSE? The plan should describe vulnerability in terms of the number and type of existing and planned buildings in identified hazard areas.False
Several FEMA mitigation grant programs require an approved mitigation plan to apply for and/or receive funding. From the list below, select ONE of those programs.Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) Program
Is the following statement TRUE or FALSE? Mitigation planning teams should find opportunities to incorporate other planning efforts by reviewing some of the existing plans.True
After establishing the planning area, what should your planning team do next?Assess community support.
From the statements below, select the answer that correctly defines hazard mitigation.Hazard mitigation is any sustained action taken to reduce or eliminate the long-term risk to life and property from hazards.
Hazard mitigation plan preparers must analyze communities to determine the location of future development. What must plan authors do if no new development is anticipated? Select the correct answer.They must be sure to state this clearly in the plan and explain how this conclusion was drawn.
Which of the following statements about determining the probability of a hazard is TRUE?The risk assessment must show how the probability was calculated.
Tribal and local jurisdictions must meet FEMA planning requirements to apply for and receive mitigation grant funding. Which one of the following federal acts gives authorization to FEMA’s requirements?National Flood Insurance Act of 1968, as amended
Which of the following describes the BEST way to organize your risk assessment dataBy hazard type, then by jurisdiction
The optional Approvable Pending Adoption (APA) process is potentially time-saving for communities. If the APA process is chosen, how long do jurisdictions have to formally adopt their plans after receiving an APA notice from FEMA?One calendar year after receipt of the FEMA APA notice.
Is the following statement TRUE or FALSE? Plan preparers should focus solely on current community assets when preparing a vulnerability assessment.False
When developing mitigation goals and objectives, what should be one of your first steps?Review the risk assessment
True Statement: A local or Tribal mitigation plan does not require manmade hazards be addressed in order to be approved. From those below, choose ONE statement that is also TRUE.An Enhanced State or Tribal Mitigation plan qualifies the applicant to receive a higher percentage of HMGP funds.
Is the following statement TRUE or FALSE? Maps are an excellent way to illustrate location and give the reviewer a clear picture of your planning area, but are not required by regulations.True
From the following list, select ONE characteristic that does NOT affect the vulnerability of an asset.Ownership
Is the following statement TRUE or FALSE? The three types of mitigation plans are the Tribal mitigation plan, the multi-jurisdictional plan, and the FEMA mitigation plan.False
At the beginning of the planning process, identify ONE task that the planning team needs to complete.Decide on the scope of the planning area.
TRUE or FALSE: Documentation of the planning process is one way to help those preparing the next update understand who was involved and what materials were referenced.True
Is the following statement TRUE or FALSE? The FEMA regional office is responsible for approving mitigation plans.True
Which of the following is NOT something you should document in your plan?The names of owners and street addresses of repetitive flood loss properties
TRUE or FALSE: The planning process must include a description of what plans or studies were incorporated into the plan. Must the planning process include all THREE of the following elements?
a) Who was involved in the process
b) Documentation of the planning process
c) At what stages the public was involved
When building your planning team, ideally the team will represent which ONE of the following?It ensures a larger spectrum of support for mitigation planning and actions.
Select ONE correct statement about hazard identification from the list below.When you have a list of potential hazards, you are ready to develop a mitigation plan.
The hazard mitigation plan review process is intended to provide feedback on how to improve the plan, and to comment on areas of strength. Identify ONE other intent of the hazard mitigation plan review process.To make sure that all plans meet the requirements of the regulations at 44 CFR Part 201
Fill in the blank. _ is an example of a scale you can use to describe the extent of a hazard event.TORRO hail scale
TRUE or FALSE: The following THREE methods can help overcome roadblocks to hazard mitigation planning in your community.
– Identifying community leaders successful in developing and promoting mitigation initiatives;
– Identifying potential funding and technical resources to support the planning process;
– Limit stakeholder engagement and participation.
Is the following statement TRUE or FALSE?
For every event or meeting involving the public, you should document the specifics of that meeting, including the date and location, purpose and outcome, and attendance.
Part of examining community support, is assessing which ONE of the following?Assessing community resources
When prioritizing mitigation actions, each participating jurisdiction in a multi-jurisdictional plan must include which of the following?A discussion of the process regarding how actions are prioritized
TRUE or FALSE: These steps in the hazard mitigation approval process are in the correct order.
Step 1: Submit hazard mitigation plan
Step 2: Review of plan at FEMA regional office
Step 3: Modify plan based on review feedback
Step 4: Formally adopt the plan
Step 5: Receive APA notice
Step 6: Receive final approval
TRUE or FALSE: To calculate the loss associated with each hazard in the risk assessment process you need to calculate the losses to each asset, as well as the estimated damages for each hazard.True
From the answer choices, select the statement that is TRUE about where local and Tribal governments may obtain information on repetitive loss properties within their jurisdiction.State National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) Coordinator
TRUE or FALSE: A multi-jurisdictional hazard mitigation plan should only address hazards that will affect the entire planning area.False
Is the following statement TRUE or FALSE? When describing the history, you should indicate whether a hazard has the potential to affect the entire planning area or just a sub-area.False
If an Indian Tribal government is participating in a Tribal/Local Multi-jurisdictional Plan, then the entire plan including the content developed by the Tribe(s) will be submitted to whom?FEMA Regional Office for review and approval
Which of the following BEST describes what you should include in the updated risk assessment?Update the loss estimate to reflect changes to the hazard profile and/or to the inventory of structures
Which of the following statements BEST describes the purpose of regularly evaluating the plan?It keeps the community informed of the plan’s status and progress in mitigation efforts.
Which of the following statements is TRUE?When reviewing and updating the plan maintenance processes identified in the plan, review and analyze the previously approved plan’s method and schedule for monitoring and updating the plan
Which of the following statements is TRUE about special considerations that can be useful in describing vulnerabilities?FEMA recommends you take facilities that house at-risk populations into account when describing vulnerabilities.
The purpose of conducting the asset inventory for your community is to answer which of the following questions? Select the correct answer.What assets will be affected by the hazard event?
How can the ongoing evaluation process assist with the plan update process?The evaluation process will provide information on changes in the risk assessment, capability assessment, and priorities.
When deciding on mitigation actions, it may be helpful to categorize actions according to groups, such as prevention, or property protection. Select ONE other category into which you could group mitigation actions.Natural resource protection
Is the following statement TRUE or FALSE? Risk is the potential loss associated with a hazard.True
Select ONE reason you would consult an expert when identifying alternative mitigation actions.To help evaluate whether the mitigation alternative will fulfill your objective
Which ONE of the following is NOT a reason why mitigation plans must be updated and resubmitted?To provide training in the update process for stakeholders new to the process
To determine the planning area, the planning team needs to do ONE of the following?Decide which communities should be involved in the planning process.
From the answer choices, select the statement that correctly defines when a property is considered a repetitive loss property.When more than one flood insurance claim of at least $1,000 has been made within a 10-year period since 1978.
From the answer choices, select ONE statement that is TRUE about risk assessment.Risk assessment is the process of measuring the potential loss of life, injury, and economic and property damage resulting from natural hazards.


  1. IS-318: Mitigation Planning for Local and Tribal Communities

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