FEMA IS-317.A Answers

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This Independent Study (IS) course is an introduction to the Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) program. It includes three lessons covering the introduction to CERT, what CERTs do, and becoming involved.

The course aims to teach prospective CERT members about the program and its purpose, roles, and responsibilities of CERT members, how CERTs integrate into an Incident Command System (ICS) structure, and the required training to become a CERT volunteer.

The course objectives include defining and describing the CERT program, identifying ways a CERT helps national resilience, identifying ways CERT members can help their community, listing CERT member roles and responsibilities, identifying the benefits of being a CERT member, and listing components of the CERT training program.

The course is designed for prospective CERT members, has no prerequisites, takes 2 hours to complete, and offers 0.2 CEUs. Completing this course cannot replace the classroom delivery of the CERT Basic training, and interested individuals must contact their local emergency manager for more information on local education and training opportunities.

FEMA IS-317.A: Introduction to Community Emergency Response Team (CERTs) Answers

Assessment of survivor injuries should be conducted in a systematic order fromThe head to the toes
Most bleeding can be controlled byDirect pressure and elevation
A CERT member finds herself near a possible terrorist incident and sees what she suspects is an explosive device. What should she do?Leave the area and report information to 911 using a landline
Two ways that CERT members prepare themselves and their families for disasters and emergencies are by identifying and reducing potential hazards in the home and workplace and by developing a family disaster plan. Which of the following is another way that CERT members prepare for disasters?Assembling disaster supply kits
Kelly is the first member of her CERT to arrive at its predetermined staging area after a damaging wind storm struck her community. What role does Kelly now assume within her CERT?Incident Commander
Which of the following describes the LIES procedures for storing flammable liquids?Limit, Isolate, Eliminate, Separate
Which of the following is an effective strategy for eliminating or reducing potential fire hazards in the home and workplace?Store flammable liquids away from heat sources.
To protect themselves against fluid-borne diseases, CERT members should:Wear a mask, exam gloves, and goggles
The CERT Leader manages CERT operations until:The Incident Command Post is established
Triage is the process of sorting survivors according to the severity of their injuries. The triage process is especially effective in situations where:All of the above
CERT member Gina is treating a burn survivor. Particles of the person’s clothing have adhered to the burn. What should Gina do?Leave the adhered particles of clothing in place
CERTs play a critical role in their communities by preparing for hazards and learning response skills to help themselves and others. Following a major disaster, CERTs may activate according to their standard operating procedures to:Respond to incidents in their neighborhoods or workplace
When leveraging a heavy object to remove a survivor, remember to:Stabilize the object with cribbing as you go
Bill and Madison are CERT members who are helping with disaster medical operations. They’re using personal protective equipment, including exam gloves. However, there aren’t enough gloves available for Bill and Madison to be able to change their gloves after treating each survivor. What should Bill and Madison do?Disinfect their gloves after treating each survivor
Sizeup is a cumulative process, and each step builds on previous steps. The first step is to:Gather facts
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 704 Diamond placard:Indicates that hazardous materials are stored in the building
When attempting to suppress a fire, CERT members should:Work with a buddy and a backup team
During a disaster, survivors and helpers may experience disaster-related stress. Measures that CERT members can take to protect themselves from vicarious trauma include recognizing signs of trauma in themselves and taking breaks. Which of the following is another measure that CERT members can take to prevent vicarious trauma?Don’t over-identify with the survivors of the incident
A CERT member’s main objective when treating survivors with suspected head, neck, or spinal injuries is to:Keep the spine in a straight line
Which of the following will extinguish a Class A, B, or C fire?Dry chemical extinguisher
CERT members should always wear complete safety equipment, including:Helmet, sturdy shoes or boots, goggles, work gloves, and a dust mask
The three life-threatening conditions that always get first priority are obstructed airway, excessive bleeding, and:Shock
All survivors who have third-degree burns should also be treated for which one of the following conditions?Shock
Which of the following is NOT part of the CERT member’s goal when working to do the greatest good for the greatest number of survivors?Retreat immediately and wait for professionals
To indicate the results of triage, every person receives a:Tag that indicates whether the person requires immediate treatment, can receive delayed treatment, has only minor injuries, or is dead
CERT members responding to an incident suspect that they have been contaminated by exposure to a chemical agent. They follow the basic self-decontamination procedures to reduce their risk of injury and limit their exposure to the chemical. What should they do next?Stay out of the contaminated area and wait for professional responders to conduct formal decontamination
A thorough size up can make CERT response safer and more efficient by:Prioritizing actions based on team safety and capability
Sandy, a CERT member who is assisting with disaster medical operations, finds a person who appears to be in shock. Which of the following is NOT a sign that the person may be in shock?Convulsions
Survivors go through four emotional phases when a disaster occurs. In order, they are:Impact phase, inventory phase, rescue phase, the recovery phase
A clearly marked _ helps responders efficiently treat survivorsMedical treatment area
Fires are classified according toThe type of fuel feeding the fire
CERT search and rescue teams must neverEnter heavily damaged structures
Which of the following describes what CERT members should do periodically as they search for survivors inside a damaged building?Stop all movement and listen for sounds of trapped survivors
All CERT decisions are made with what key question in mind?Is it safe for CERT members to attempt this task?
CERTs should attempt to suppress only fires that are smaller than the size of a:Wastepaper can
Craig, a CERT member, is conducting triage of a survivor. He has checked her airway/breathing and bleeding/circulation. What should he do next?Check the survivor’s mental status
How does assessment of structural damage during sizeup affect search and rescue operations?The CERT mission changes, depending on whether the damage is light, moderate, or heavy
A CERT is searching for survivors in a building after an electrical storm. The door to one of the rooms that the team needs to search is closed. Some of the CERT members think they smell smoke. Before entering the closed room, what should the CERT members do?Feel the closed door with the back of the hand, from the bottom up
CERT members respond to an incident in which a truck that’s carrying a known hazardous material has overturned on a highway. What should the team do?Consider the hazardous material a STOP sign
Connie and Deb are CERT buddies who are assisting with disaster medical operations. All survivors in the area have been triaged and treated for any life-threatening injuries. What should Connie and Deb do next?Treat the next priority survivors


  1. IS-317.A: Introduction to Community Emergency Response Team (CERTs)

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