FEMA IS-253.A Answers

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This computer-based course is an alternative to the 4-day E/L253 course held at the Emergency Management Institute or in the regional offices. It provides an overview of FEMA’s environmental and historic preservation compliance responsibilities. It aims to equip users with the basic background and practical knowledge needed to participate in FEMA’s environmental and historic preservation review process.

The course includes interactive knowledge checks, case studies, and resource materials, and its objectives are to describe the basic elements of Federal EHP laws, regulations, and Executive Orders, describe key roles and responsibilities in the EHP process, identify activities that trigger EHP review, and explain the consequences of non-compliance with EHP requirements.

FEMA IS-253.A: Overview of FEMA’s Environmental and Historic Preservation Review Answers

Ecologically sensitive and geologically vulnerable barrier islands along the East Coast, Gulf Coast, and Great Lakes are protected under the:Coastal Barrier Resources Act.
Floodplains are identified as zones in/on:Flood Insurance Rate Maps.
One of the qualifying criteria for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places is that the property must be:Significant within its historic context.
Enacted by Congress and signed by the President, (blank) provide the legal basis and funding for programs and/or projects.Laws
Permits issued under the Clean Water Act are controlled by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and:State water-control agencies.
Because all FEMA grants are considered Federal projects, they require compliance with environmental laws.False
A gas station is an example of a(n) _ on the National Register.Building
The Migratory Bird Treaty Act protects migratory bird species, their nests, and eggs.True
The primary historic preservation law for the nation is the:National Historic Preservation Act.
Swamps, bogs, and marshes all are classified in EO 11990 as:Wetlands.
_ applies to FEMA actions that involve debris removal, staging, reduction (chipping, burning), and disposal activities, which are generally regulated at State and local levels.Resource Conservation and Recovery Act.
The Gettysburg Battlefield is an example of a _ on the National Register.site
NEPA requires an outcome, not a process.False
FEMA actions most likely to require compliance and coordination with Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) are those that involve:New construction affecting prime or unique farmland.
The Vieux Carr’ (French Quarter) in New Orleans is classified as a:district.
The National Historic Preservation Act requires Federal agencies, including FEMA, to consider the effects of agency actions on properties either listed on or eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places.True
FEMA’s primary statutory authority for disaster response and recovery activities is the:Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act.
FEMA documents its decision-making for EOs 11988 (Floodplain Management) and 11990 (Protection of Wetlands) by completing an 8-step process. This process ensures that FEMA:Considers how its actions affect floodplains and/or wetlands.
Specific geographic areas (as defined by legislation) essential for the conservation and management of threatened and endangered species are classified as _ habitat.Critical
An example of a structure that might be included on the National Register is a/an:Bridge.
Based on the SOW, there are four possible levels of review: The level of review is determined by the:Number and extent of environmental impacts.
The Section 106 process requires the preservation of historic properties.True
The National Register of Historic Places is maintained by:The National Park Service.
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act applies to:Large, complex contaminated sites that may require extensive clean up and site remediation.
An incomplete or inaccurate scope of work can:Delay project review and approval.
The Endangered Species Act (ESA):Applies to everyone, not only to Federal agencies.
EHP integrates the protection and enhancement of environmental, historic, and cultural resources into FEMA’s mission, programs, and activities by:Ensuring FEMA actions comply with relevant Federal laws and Executive Orders.
A primary goal of the National Environmental Policy Act is to:Obligate Federal agencies to consider the potential impacts of their actions to the human environment before proceeding with any project.
FEMA has entered into programmatic agreements that outline routine activities with minimal potential to affect historic properties. These agreements:Simplify and expedite the overall Section 106 process.
Due to its unique disaster mission, FEMA is the only Federal agency granted statutory exclusions (STATEX authority) from compliance with NEPA.True
Providing assistance to help disaster survivors recover is one of the key components of a disaster operation. This help is provided through two main FEMA programs: Public Assistance and Individual Assistance.True


  1. IS-253.A: Overview of FEMA’s Environmental and Historic Preservation Review

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