FEMA IS-251.A Answers

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This course guides those becoming authorized Alerting Administrators for Integrated Public Alert and Warning Systems (IPAWS) on developing effective policies, plans, and procedures, defining the approval process, training, practice, and exercising with IPAWS, and using best practices to reach the public.

The course covers the roles and types of Alerting Authorities, IPAWS aggregator, Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) format, dissemination pathways, and policies, laws, and regulations applicable to IPAWS. It also covers alerting administrators, implementation, technical and operational components, alerting best practices, event codes, training, practicing, and exercising for Alerting Administrators.

The primary goal is to provide information on IPAWS for Alerting Administrators, including public outreach, social media, and education campaigns.

For effectiveness when composing an alert, avoid using words with __.different contextual or connotative meanings
The ability to alert the user if the certificate is expired is a(n) __.suggested IPAWS alerting software feature
Alerting Administrators need to understand how the public reacts to receiving an alert and will need to incorporate this understanding into __ which guides how and when IPAWS is used.plans, policies, and procedures
Your alerting tool should allow you the ability to _.constrain event types and geo-codes based on user permissions
_ recommend(s) that Alerting Administrators take IS-251, IPAWS for Alerting Administrators.The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
When establishing plans, policies, and procedures with respect to use of IPAWS, Alerting Administrators should consider the specific capabilities of their _.alert and warning software tools
Individuals with _ needs may require alerts in varying formats. An example of an IPAWS initiative to improve accessibility is the symbology designed in collaboration with the National Alliance for Public Safety GIS (NAPSG).access and functional
Which of the following is NOT a part of the four-step process for applying for IPAWS?Demonstrate alerting proficiency in the IPAWS Training and Demonstration Environment (also referred to as the IPAWS TSSF Environment) by successfully sending an alert.
IPAWS also supports _ to redistribute alerts via desktop alerting, mobile applications, digital signs, etc.Internet-based services
Alerting Authorities originate alerts to IPAWS to be disseminated through which of the following pathways?Emergency Alert System (EAS), Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA), National Weather Emergency Messages (NWEM).
Keeping well-developed, up-to-date procedures is important because they _.identify roles and responsibilities of alerting authorities for clarity of IPAWS software use
Hands-on training provides the opportunity to _.access your alert origination tool, practice Emergency Alert System (EAS) and Wireless Emergency Alert (WEA) activation, observe dissemination, and evaluate procedures that you may implement at your facility
A Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) is a(n) _.written understanding of the Rules of Behavior regarding the use of IPAWS which provides applicable agency information
In order to successfully send a Wireless Emergency Alert (WEA), an alert must adhere to all of the following EXCEPTduration
As an Alerting Administrator, it is imperative you make plans that factor in _.all populations in your community
The following list contains examples of _.
• Secure login and password
• Ability to assign user-level permissions
• Ability to originate a Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) alert/message
• Displays connectivity to IPAWS
suggested alerting tool elements
The Emergency Alert System (EAS) is one of several message dissemination pathway(s) that send(s) warnings via broadcast, cable, and wireline services after those warning messages are processed through _.The IPAWS Open System
Alerting authorities need to know which codes require _ to be sent out.human intervention
Accessibility of alert and warning messages refers to whether _.all individuals can receive and understand alerts
IPAWS alerting software should provide an Alerting Administrator with the ability to configure User permissions based on _.roles and responsibilities of personnel
Which of the following is a specific feature applicable to Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA)s?Supports up to 360 characters.
Which of the answer choices should be offered by your vendor to support effective IPAWS use?New hire and refresher training because they are both critical.
Which of the following is a component of an effective alert message?Standard Operating Procedures (SOP)
Who should require agency personnel to conduct regular training, practicing, and exercising as it relates to agency IPAWS policies and procedures?Alerting Administrators
A Memorandum of Agreement has a _ lifecycle.3-year
It is important to establish agreements with adjacent jurisdictions that address the coordination of alerts to enable a(n) _.coordinated and consistent response in advance
_ are a technical requirement of IPAWS to process Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA)s.Handling codes
_ should be set up based on your agency’s requirements, local hazards, and what works best for your jurisdiction.Collaborative Operating Groups (COGs)
_ enacts to law the policy statement along with similar requirements found in Executive Order 13407 and required the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to establish a National Advisory Council (NAC) IPAWS subcommittee to ensure the public alert and warning system would meet certain specified standards.Public Law 114-143, The IPAWS Modernization Act
Which of the following is a benefit of training, practicing, and exercising your alerting tool?Identifying gaps in plans, policies, and procedures.
To ensure a Collaborative Operating Group (COG) is capable of composing and sending a message through IPAWS, demonstrations must be performed on a regular basis through generation of a message successfully sent through the _.IPAWS Training and Demonstration Environment
Alerting Administrators need to be familiar with software vendor processes for installation of _ to alerting software.security protocols
Participants demonstrate alerting proficiency in the _.IPAWS Training and Demonstration Environment
What elicits a quicker response to alert and warning messages?Concern for children and pets
What handling codes are considered a requirement of IPAWS to process a Wireless Emergency Alert (WEA)?Presidential
Imminent Threat
Public Safety
WEA Test
The IPAWS aggregator _.is the pathway that sends warning via broadcast, cable, and wireline services
When different people listen to the same message, there may be a _ in what they hear, leading to a different interpretation and response.variation
Authorized alerting authorities send _ through the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) IPAWS to participating wireless carriers, which then broadcast the alerts from cellular towers to mobile devices in affected areas.Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEAs)
What is the title of the individual assigned to initiate an IPAWS alert using CAP-capable software?Alert Originator
When developing plans, policies, and procedures, Alerting Administrators can mitigate risks and vulnerabilities by considering internal stakeholder _.contributions and concerns
Emergency Alert System (EAS) participants deliver local alerts on a(n) _ basis, but they are required to provide the capability to address the public during a national emergency.voluntary
It is imperative that all _ stated within the Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) remain current in order to provide and receive pertinent IPAWS information.Points of Contact (POC)
List the five Wireless Emergency Alert (WEA) message types.Presidential, AMBER, imminent threat, public safety, and WEA test
Who supports nation-to-nation tribal relationships and recognizes the unique cross-jurisdictional challenges they face with emergency management and public alerting?The Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) National Tribal Affairs Advisor
Which answer choice is one of the four steps in the process of applying for IPAWS?Select IPAWS compatible software.
What is an Alert Authority?A jurisdiction with the designated authority to alert and warn the public.
Which of the following is NOT a means of accessing the IPAWS Training and Demonstration Environment (also referred to as the IPAWS TSSF Environment)?IPAWS TSSF satellite campus
Which of the following is an external stakeholder that provides valuable input and expertise to the establishment of agency policies, plans, and procedures regarding the implementation of IPAWS?Universities and colleges
Alerting Administrators should implement and employ applicable _ to control access to IPAWS alert and warning software.security protocols
The attributes below best describe the _:
• User-friendly web interface
• Available 24/7
• No need to schedule time with IPAWS TSSF personnel
IPAWS Message Viewer
Web, computer, and/or video training should be available to users as a regular refresher on the processes and procedures of using the software. This training should be available from the vendor at least _.annually
Alerting Authorities must ensure their Collaborative Operating Group (COG) demonstrates the ability to compose and send a message through the IPAWS system at regular intervals. Therefore, demonstrations must be performed _.monthly


  1. IS-251.A: Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS) for Alerting Administrators

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