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This is a two-hour Independent Study course that focuses on lessons learned from the 2017 hurricane season.
The course aims to improve post-disaster supply chain management by enhancing understanding of local supply chain dynamics, information-sharing and coordination among public and private stakeholders, and providing State, Local, Tribal, and Territorial Emergency Managers with the knowledge of potential and experienced post-disaster supply chain disruptions, management efforts, and best practices.
Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to explain basic supply chain concepts and associated challenges, describe common disruptions and ways to respond to them, understand the impacts of a disaster on supply chains, and describe concepts of supply chain resilience before, during, and after a disruption.
FEMA IS-238: Critical Concepts of Supply Chain Flow and Resilience Answers
|A supply chain is considered _ if it can continue moving goods and services to customers even though important elements in its network are no longer operating.||Resilient|
|A supply chain is a __ to deliver products and services from raw materials to end customers.||Self-sustaining, complex network of companies used|
|Companies gain a competitive advantage in the marketplace if they are able to:||Provide the greatest customer value.|
|A major discount chain used a central location to consolidate vendor shipments and distribute products to individual stores in Florida. The cross-dock facility was the bottleneck in that retail supply chain. However, when Hurricane Irma approached Florida in 2017, evacuating residents consumed all the fuel at roadside gas stations and truckers would not drive into Florida for fear they would run out of gas. What happened to the bottleneck in the retail supply chain when there was a gas shortage?||The bottleneck stayed at the distribution node|
|The offer to exchange something of value for a product or service creates a:||Pull a signal that attracts consumers.|
|All disaster-related supply chain disruptions can _ capacity and __ lead times.||Reduce; lengthen|
|The objective of any FEMA _ is to minimize the impact of a disruptive event on the affected population and to do so as efficiently as possible.||Disaster relief logistical initiative|
|If a company does not have sufficient inventory stockpiled, disaster-related supply chain disruptions may _ product delivery lead times.||Decrease|
|Like grains of sand passing through the throat of an hourglass, products flow _ through the bottleneck because that process stage __.||At the same pace; is consistent|
|The bottleneck _ the flow of products through the supply chain.||Limits|
|Setting up special-purpose relief supply chains to provide emergency goods and services after a disaster is not the best response policy because they are _ the private sector supply chains they attempt to replace.||less efficient and less precise in meeting demands than|
|The maximum rate at which a process stage can produce or move a product is called its:||Capacity.|
|Disruptions due to natural disasters, human error, and equipment breakdowns can all __ the cycle time for a product.||Increase|
|An automobile supply chain begins with raw material suppliers and ends with consumers. How is the rest of the supply chain organized?||Automobile assembly plant, component manufacturers, car dealerships, vehicle transporters|
|Another name for inventory is:||Stock|
|What do manufacturers call the stockpile of partially finished goods they maintain on-site for production purposes?||Work-in-Progress goods|
|What strategy can be used to buffer the effects of disruption on a supply chain and prevent lead times from extending?||Maintain inventory on hand in a retail outlet or warehouse.|
|What type of supply chain resilience policy would involve hardening key production and distribution processes?||Mitigation policy|
|A bottleneck is the supply chain process that has the __ utilization.||Lowest|
|A new bottleneck can develop in a supply chain if:||An earlier stage overproduces, and the next stage can’t keep up with the increased flow.|
|Changes in staffing levels, consumer demand, or the mix of products in a supply chain all can cause fluctuations in the _ rate of the various process stages.||Capacity|
|When a process stage is working at its highest capacity and is busy all the time, its utilization ratio is:||1:1, or 100%.|
|What type of supply chain resilience policy would involve coordination among government, nongovernmental organizations, and private companies to reestablish the operations of private sector supply chains?||Recovery policy|
|Because there is so much unpredictability in all supply chains, companies must use _ to make supply chain decisions.||Demand forecasts|
|Disasters can sometimes create new and more severe _ because sudden demand shifts and capacity-reducing disruptions will increase utilization at one or more stages of the supply chain.||Price increases|
|Damage to ports, depots, roads, or bridges during a disaster can create __ in a supply chain.||Communication disruptions|
|Increases to any cycle time associated with a product will _ the lead time to the consumer.||Increase|
|The fundamental challenge of supply chain management is to:||Match supply and demand.|