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Command and coordination is the NIMS component that focus on _______ Emergency Operation Center, Multiagency Coordination Groups, and The Joint Information System.
Incident Command System
What term defines the concept of incident operations Personnel who are assigned to only one supervisor
Unity of Command
Who is the primary person in charge of the incident?
Incident Commander/Unified Command
Deciding subordinate command and general staff supervisor allows The Incident Commander to : ___________
Maintain a manageable span of control
Unified command organization:
Shares faculties and coordinates a process for a research coordinator
What type of command structure may be used for managing an incident with the incident crosses political boundaries and involves multiple function authorities?
When planning for vents what is An important preparation consideration?
logistical requirements, such as communication, food, and Medicine
What is a cascading incident?
occurs as a direct or incident if a result in an initial incident
Of the documents listed, what is An example of an individual agency policy that influences the way incidents or manages?
Standard operating procedures
Before establishing strategies for cutting tactics, what must be written?
Why must Personnel and Logistical support factors be considered in determining tactical operations? A. The lack of logistical Support can mean the difference between success and failure B. knowing resources in logical support prior to investing time on tactical strategies that may not even be achievable C. lack of resources could require a reassessment of tactical and strategy D. All the Above
all of the above
In what meeting are the incident strategies and tactics reviewed?
What ICS form is a planning tool used to assist In establishing resources needs for an operation Period?
ICS form 215, operational planning worksheet
for what does the safety officer use ICS form 215 a, incident Action Plan safety analysis?
Identifying potential hazards risk and determine ways of mitigating in those issues
During what meeting is the operational plan reviewed and resource requirements identified?
What document is a series of standard forms and supporting documents that convey The Incident Commander and the operations sections directions for the accomplishment of the plan for the operational period?
Incident Action Plan
What is the purpose of the operational briefing?
To present the incident Action Plan to Tactical resources supervisors
What is the method that provides standardized procedures, practice, and functions for incident Resources management?
Incident resources management process
From the list below, who has the authority to order incident resources?
Logistics section chief
When ordering resources, what type of ordering places the responsibility on the addiction or agency dispatch and not on the incident organization?
What type of resources may be dispatched for large-scale, complex incidents such as a train derailment or civil unrest?
Incident Management team
What form is used to evaluate a resource performance on the incident?
ICS form 225, incident Personnel performance rating
Oftentimes the absence of resources management results in poor resources performance. What management action may cause personal to perform poorly?
Lack of proper training or unprepared for the assignment
What does planning for Demobilization help to estimate? A. very First Responders B. waste Fiscal and legal impacts C. Safety officer D. both B and C are correct
D. Both B and C are correct
With whom or what should the Incident Commander consist when the mobilizing resources?
What section of the incident management team develops and implements the demobilization plan?
The five-section of Demobilization plan include: general information, release priorities, travel information, responsibilities, and ________
A team closeout meeting is needed when:
the incident was large and it attracted media interest
An after-action review, or closeout meeting, summarize the original Mission, actual events, and ___________
Support for Recovery includes a partnership between many sectors of the all level of government as well as private Industries and known as:
When assuming Incident Commander, what is the first step of the Incoming incident Commander should do?
Assist the situation with current Incident Commander
The Incident Command System (ICS) is?
Standardized, on-scene, all-risk, incident management concept. ICS is the result of decades of lessons learned in the organization and management of emergency incidents.
Designers of the system recognized early that ICS must be interdisciplinary and organizationally flexible to meet the following management challenges
1. Meet the needs of the incidents of any kind or size 2. Be usable for routine events or complex emergencies incidents 3. allow personnel from a variety of agencies to meld rapidly into a common management structure. 4. provided logistical and administrative support to ensure that operational staff can meet incident objectives. 5. Be cost effective by avoiding duplication of efforts
Poorly managed incident response can be devastating to our?
Economy, to our food supply and to our health and safety.
ICS is built around five major functions that may be applied on any incident whether it is large or small. The five major management functions are
1. Incident Command IC 2. Operations Section 3. Planning Section 4. Logistics Section 5. Finance/Administration Section
The individual responsible for overall management of the incident
The command staff consists of the PIO, Safety officer and liaison officer. They report directly to the incident command. They may have an assistant or assistants as needed.
Officer is the ICS title for the personnel responsible for the Command Staff positions of Safety, Liaison and Public information.
The group of incident management personnel reporting to the incident commander. They may have one or more deputies as needed. The General staff consist of the Operations section chief, Planning section Chief, Logistics section chief and finance/administration section chief.
The organizational level with responsibilities for a major functional area of the incident Operations Planning Logistic finance/administration
The ICS title for individuals responsible for functional sections: Operations, Planning, Logistics and Finance/Administration
The organizational level having functional or geographic responsibility for major parts of the operation of logistic functions.
The ICS title for individual responsible for supervision of a branch
Division are used to divide an incident geographically. Groups are used to divide an incident functionally.
The ICS title for individuals responsible for a Division or group
A Specified combination of the same kind of type or resources with common communications and a leader is a _______________
The Organizational element having functional responsibility for a specific incident planning, logistics or finance/administration activities
The ICS title for an individual responsible for a task force, Strike team, or functional unit
Personnel and equipment available, or potentially available, for assignment to incidents. Resources are described by kind of type and may be used in tactical, support or overhead capacities at an incident.
ISC established lines of ______________ authority and ___________ reporting relationships
Within ICS, there is complete _________ of __________, meaning that each position and each person within the system has only one designated supervisor.
___________ of _________ means that there is an orderly line of authority and reporting relationships within the ranks of the organization, with lower levels subordinates to, and connected to, higher levels
Chain of command is used to communicate ________ and maintain ___________________ __________________
direction management control
Although order must flow through the chain of command, members of the organization _____ directly communicate with each other to ask for or share information’s
ICS team members work within the ICS position regardless of their non-emergency position or everyday administrative chain of command.
Functional Delegation A Basic ICS operating guideline is that the person at the top of the organization is responsible for a task until that responsibility is _______________ to a subordinate position.
The ICS organizational chart is a graphic representation of the incident, including: what five things?
1. Position and functional activated 2. Chain of command 3. Reporting relationships 4. Responsibilities delegated 5. Information flow
The incident commanders responsibility is the overall ___________ of the incident
IC may have one or more ________________.
Deputies must be equally capable of assuming the ________ role
Deputy Incident Commander must be able to assume the ____________ _____________ role.
IC’s overall responsibilities List the overall responsibilities there are 15 of them.
1. Assess situation and or obtain a briefing from the pervious IC 2. Receive delegation of authority form agency administrator 3. Establish immediate priorities 4. Determine incident objectives and strategies 5. Establish an ICP 6. Establish and monitor incident organization 7. Ensure adequate safety measures are in place 8. Schedule planning meetings as required 9. Approve and authorize incident action plan implementation 10. Coordinate activity for all command and General Staff 11. Coordinate with key off-indent personnel 12. Approve request for additional resources or release of resources 13. Keep agency administrator informed of incident status 14. Authorize release of information to news media 15. Order the demobilization of incident when appropriate
IC major responsibilities The first responsibility is to _________ _______ priorities
IC’s immediate priorities is
First priority is always the safety of people involved in the incident, responders, other emergency workers and bystanders Second priority is incident stabilization
When considering how to stabilize the incident situation the incident commander must: (3 things)
1. ensure life safety 2. ensure continuity of command 3. manage resources efficiently and cost effectively
The four step approach to determining incident objectives and strategy are?
Step 1 Know Agency Policy Step 2 Establish incident objectives Step 3 Develop appropriate strategy Step 4 Execute Tactical Direction
Characteristics of an effective incident Commander are
1. Command Presence 2. Understands ICS 3. Proven Manager 4. Proactive and Decisive 5. Calm and Objective 6. Quick thinking 7. Effective communicator 8. Adaptable and flexible 9. Realistic about personal limitations 10. Politically astute
Command Staff is made up of
Public Information officer Safety Officer Liaison Officer Information and Intelligence Officer
Which officers my have assistants
Public Information officer Safety Officer Liaison Officer
Traditionally, Information and intelligence functions are located in the _______________ Section
The Intelligence function my be organized in one of the following ways (3 of them)
1. Within Command Staff 2. As unit within the Planning Section 3. As a Branch within the Operations Section 4. As a separate General Staff Section
Regardless of how it is organized, the information and intelligence function is also responsible for?
Developing, conduction and managing information-related security plans and operations as direct by the incident commander.
Reason to designate a Public Information Officer include (5)
1. The presence of an obvious high visibility or sensitive incident 2. Media demands for information are reducing IC effectiveness 3. Media capabilities to acquire their own information are increasing 4. Reduces the risk of multiple sources releasing information 5. Need to alert, warn or instruct the public.
Only one __________ officer will be assigned for each incident.
Safety officer works through the chain of command but may exercise emergency authority to ____________ ___________ unsafe acts.
Safety officer many assign _____________ safety Officers as needed.
Incidents that are multi-jurisdictional, or have several agencies involved may require the establishment of the __________ Officer
An agency that is assisting on an incident is directly contributing ___________ resource to the agency or jurisdiction that is responsible for the incident is called _________ __________________
An agency which supports the incident or supplies assistance other than _______________ resources would be considered a ______________________ agency
The other four management functions in General Staff are?
Operations Section Planning Section Logistics Section Finance/Administration Section
Each General Staff members may also have one or more _______________.
The operations section Chief is responsible for managing all ________________ operations at an incident
Operations section consist of the following 3 components
1. Ground or surface-based tactical resources 2. aviation or air resources 3. staging areas
The first component of the operations section is ground or surface resources which consist of (3)
1. Single resources 2. Task Forces 3. Strike Teams
Depending on the need tactical resources can be placed into an operations organization made up of (4 things)
1. Resources, which report directly to the incident commander or operations section chief 2. Divisions, which are used to divide an incident geographically 3. Groups, which are used to describe functional areas of operations 4. Branches , which can be either geographical or functional and are used in operations when the number of division or groups exceed the span of control
Another organizational option for the operations section is the establishment of an __________ and ____________
The use of aircraft whether tactical or logistical are assigned to the ___________________ Section
Staging area managers report to _____________ section cheif or to the ________ __________ if the _________ section chief positions has not been filled
Divisions have ________ responsibility and groups have __________ responsibility
A branch is the organizational level having ________ or __________ responsibility for major parts of the Operations section or logistics section
In the operation section, __________ are establish when the number of Divisions or groups exceed the span of control
Directors are in charge of ___________ Mangers are in charge of __________ Supervisors are in charge of ________ or ________
Branches Staging areas Divisions/Groups
Branch directors and staging managers report to the ____________ section Cheif
Divisions and groups are an equal level in the organization and the the supervisors report to ______________ Directors or the _______________ Section Chief
General staff functions include subdivisions called _____ supervised by ______ Leaders
Common responsibilities to a unit
1. Obtaining beefing from the section chief 2. Participating in incident planning meetings as required 3. determining current status of unit activities 4. Confirming dispatch and estimated time of arrival of staff and supplies 5. Assigning specific duties to staff; supervise staff 6. Developing and implementing accountability, safety, and security measures for personnel and resources 7. Supervising demobilization of Inits, including storage of supplies 8. providing supply units leaser with a list of supplies to be replenished 9. Maintaining unit records, including unit log
Care must be taking to ensure that information transfer is handled effectively there are essentially two principles to be followed:
1. There is complete freedom within t he organization to exchange information among and between personnel 2. Orders, directives, resources request , status changes must follow the chain of command, unless otherwise directed
The ICS organizational framework is open for individual to freely supply and exchange information three examples would be
1. The food unit leader may directly contact the planning sections resources unit to determine the number of persons requiring feeding 2. The Cost unit leader may directly discuss and share financial information on alternative strategies with the planning section chief. 3. Division A supervisor may contact the Situation Unit to share information on an unusual environmental hazard in the division.
Orders and directive within the ICS organization must follow the chain of command, unless otherwise directed. Three examples illustrating the flow of orders are
1. Division B supervisor request fuel for resource within the Division. This request will be passed through the branch or operations section chief to ensure that fuel request can be consolidated before going to logistics. 2. In an organization using branches and divisions, the operations section chief will pass directives to change the resource assignments within a particular division through the appropriate branch director. This ensures that the branch director is aware of any changes. 3. The situation unit leader will request additional personnel to work in the unit through the planning section chief. This ensures that personnel already assigned to the planning section will be used if available.
Basic principles of resource management are
1. Planning 2. Organizing 3. Supervising
___________ is the process of direction and controlling the efforts of resources toward the attainment of specified incident objectives
On smaller incidents, where only one jurisdiction or agency is primary involved, the resource ordering is normally prepared at the incident ,, approved by the incident commander and transmitted from the incident to the jurisdiction or agency ordering point.
Single-point of resource ordering
Resource tracking responsibilities are shared between
Planning Section and Operations Section
Key Resource management considerations are (5)
1. Safety 2. Personnel accountability 3. Managerial control 4. Adequate reserves 5. Cost
Elements to be consider in Applying unified command There are four basic elements to consider in applying unified command in ICS:
1. Policy, Objectives, and Strategy 2. Organization 3. Resources 4. Operations
Advantages of Using Unified Command
1. One set of objectives is developed for the entire incident 2. A collective approach is made to developing strategies to achieve incident objectives 3. Information flow and coordination is improved among all jurisdictions and agencies involved in the incident 4. All agencies with responsibility for the incident have an understanding of one another’s priorities and restrictions 5. No agency’s authority or legal requirements are compromised or neglected 6. Each agency is fully award of the plans actions and constraints of all others on the incident 7. The combined effort of all agencies are optimized as they perform heir respective assignments under a single incident actions plan. 8. duplicative efforts are reduce or eliminated, thus reducing cost and chances for frustrations and conflict
Kinds of unified command applications (4)
1. Involved an incident that impacted more than one jurisdiction 2. involved an incident that impacted multiple agencies or departments within the same jurisdiction 3. Involves an incident that impacted several jurisdictions and functional agencies (natural disasters, major aircraft crash, etc) 4. involves an incident that impacted different levels of government, for example local, state, and federal agricultural agencies
The six general guidelines for the use of Unified command
1. To understand ICS unified command 2. is to collocate essential functions 3. is to implement unified command at an early stage of a multi-jurisdictional or multi-agency incident. 4. is to concur on an operations section chief and other command and general staff members 5. Is to designate one of the incident commanders to be a spokesperson 6. is to train often as a team
There are two basic approaches to using ICS
1. Planning for a known event 2. Reacting to an unplanned incident
Reasons for transferring command
1. A more qualified person is available to assume command 2. A jurisdiction or agency is legally required to take command 3. The incident complexity changes 4. There is turnover of personnel on long or extended incidents 5. Personnel are called home for any reason 6. Agency administrators direct a change in command 7. Changing command makes good sense
ICS 300 Final Exam Answers
Chain of command
orderly line of authority
Should match the incident
Same for an incident and an Event
unity of command
each person works for one supervisor
Delivering the IAP for the operational period
ICS fit into NIMS under
Command and Control
Agency Executives/Senior Officials
Primary Feature of Unified Command
Unified Command Multijurisdictional
Agency Reps share authority in unified command
Major Benifit of ICS
People work under a single IAP
Incidents and Events
Use the same planning process
Follows chain of command
NIMS require use of plain English
PIO & JIC
Are critical for the public
Provide authority (not objectives)
Base on the span of Control
Who can order resources
IC, Logs section Chief, and Supply UL
Example of Policies and Guidlines
COOP- Continuity of operations plan
Example of something that will increase complexity of an incident
Community and Responder Safety
Transfer of Command includes?
Assessment, Briefing, and ICS201
Operational Planning steps include
Logistical concerns and cost/benefit analysis
Operational planning worksheet
Purpose of the planning meeting
To review/validate proposed plan
who leads planning meeting
Planning section cheif
Includes incident objectives
single point ordering
Ordering all resources through one dispatch EOC center
When to evaluate performance
Poor Performance issues example
Inadequate tactical resources, logistical support, or communications
What form identifies resource requirements?
Logs section staff under the resource unit
rehab, replenish, return
registered group of ics personnel
Demob telephone listings are found?
In travel section
When an incident is deescalating
consider transfer of command to local authorities
facilitated by planning
Incident recovery goals are found in?
National preparedness goal
ICS-300 Intermediate ICS For Expanding Incidents Posttest Answers
|The National Incident Management System (NIMS):||Includes the use of ICS standardized features and structures.|
|_____ means that each individual involved in incident operations will be assigned to only one supervisor.||Unity of Command|
|Agency Executives/Senior Officials:||Provide strategic direction and delegate the authority needed to accomplish the incident objectives.|
|The organizational elements at the incident that can order resources include the:||Supply Unit Leader (Logistics Section)|
|These levels of the ICS organization may have Deputy positions:||Section|
|Select the TRUE statement:||In Unified Command, resources stay under the administrative and policy control of their agencies.|
|In Unified Command, tactical resources are managed by:||The Operations Section Chief|
|One purpose of the Unified Command Meeting is to:||Designate an Operations Section Chief and develop a collective set of incident objectives.|
|List three advantages of Unified Command:||Any three statements equivalent to the following:|
– A single set of objectives is developed for the entire incident.
– A collective approach is used to develop strategies to achieve incident objectives.
– Information flow and coordination are improved between all jurisdictions and agencies involved in the incident.
– All agencies with responsibility for the incident have an understanding of joint priorities and restrictions.
– No agency’s legal authorities will be compromised or neglected.
– The combined efforts of all agencies are optimized as they perform their respective assignments under a single Incident Action Plan.
|During initial response actions, the person currently in charge (Incident Commander) must:||Size up the situation.|
|The steps for assuming control include the following:||Receive a briefing from the current Incident Commander.|
|The ICS Form 201 is used for:||Providing basic information on the incident.|
|The credentialing process is:||A preparedness activity that includes an objective evaluation and documentation of a person’s ability to meet nationally accepted minimum standards during an incident.|
|Which of the following is an example of an objective that follows the SMART characteristics?||Clear all debris and reopen roadways no later than 0700 tomorrow morning.|
|The ICS 215, Operational Planning Worksheet, is used to:||Communicate decisions made during the tactics meeting concerning resource assignments to the Resources Unit.|
|The ICS 215A, Incident Safety Analysis, is used by the Safety Officer to:||Identify potential hazards/risks and determine ways of mitigating those issues.|
|When all General Staff Sections are activated, which Section identifies, assigns, and supervises the resources needed to accomplish the incident objectives?||Operations Section|
|When all General Staff Sections are activated, which Section tracks resources and identifies resource shortages?||Planning Section|
|Single-point resource ordering means:||That ordering all incident resources is accomplished through one dispatch/operations center even if multiple agencies are involved.|
|You have been asked to serve as a crisis counselor at an incident scene. You must check in upon arrival at the scene. What Unit within the ICS organization is responsible for establishing check-in procedures and completing ICS Form 211?||The Resources Unit (Planning Section)|
|Single Resources are sent to a Staging Area to:||Be formed into Task Forces and/or Strike Teams.|
|Where would tactical resources that are out of service be assigned?||Base|
|Write the correct sequence number to the left of each planning activity.||Tactics Meeting; Operations Briefing; Incident Command/Unified Command Sets Objectives; Incident Action Plan Preparation and Approval; Planning Meeting|
|The Demobilization Plan should have general information about the demobilization process, responsibilities for implementation of the Demobilization Plan, general release priorities, travel information, and:||Specific release procedures.|
|Select the TRUE statement:||When tactical resources assigned to the Operations Section are no longer needed, other parts of the organization can also be reduced.|
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